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Bereaving sense, but endless misery

810 From this day onward, which I feel begun Both in me, and without me, and so last To perpetuity; Ay me, that fear Comes thund'ring back with dreadful revolution On

my defenseless head; both Death and I Am found eternal, and incorporate both, Nor I on my part single, in me all Posterity stands curs’d: Fair patrimony That I must leave ye, Sons; O were I able To waste it all myself, and leave ye none ! 820 So difinherited how would


bless Me now your curse! Ah, why should all mankind For one man's fault thus guiltless be condemn’d,

If places of their works, that they have the dread of everlasting punishment little else to support them. will fill pursue him: he may put it

813. Ay me, that fear &c.] off for a time, but it will return with This is somewhat like the famous dreadful revolution; and let him afsoliloquy of Hamlet, Act III. fect what serenity and gaiety he

pleases, will notwithltanding in the Ay, there's the rub &c.

midst of it all come thund'ring back

on his defenseless bead. Comes thund'ring back with drea 815.

both Death and I ful revolution

Am found eternal,] This must be On my defenfelis head; The the printer's blunder, though all thought is fine as it is natural. The editions patronize it. All languages finner may invent never so many agree, that when singular and plural arguments in favor of the annihila. are so join'd, the latter mult govern. tion and utter extinction of the foul; He gave it therefore, but after all his subterfuges and eva

both Death and I fions, the fear of a future state and Are found eternal. Bentley.

816.- and

that fear

If guiltless ? But from me what can proceed, But all corrupt, both mind and will deprav’d, 825 Not to do only, but to will the same With me? how can they then acquitted stand n sight of God ? Him after all disputes orc'd I absolve: all my evasions vain, Ind reasonings, though through mazes, lead me still ut to my own conviction: first and last

831 In me, me only, as the source and spring Of all corruption, all the blame lights due; o might the wrath. Fond wish! couldst thou support Chat burden heavier than the earth to bear, Chan all the world much heavier, though divided Nith that bad Woman? Thus what thou desir'ft




me all

816. — and incorporate both, says, XIV. 4. Who can bring a clean odged both together in one mortal thing out of an unclean? ody, as St. Paul says, Rom. VII. 834. So might the wrath.) So is 4. Ob wretched man that I am, used in the sense of wishing, as in obo foall deliver me from the body of III. 34. bis death? Hume. 817. Nor I on my part single, in

So were I equal'd with them in Pofterity stands curs'd:] And this


heavier than the earth urse was the patrimony which he

to bear, vas to leave his fons. The author Than all the world much heavier,] ad in view 2 Esdr. VII. 48. O thou We quote this only that the reader Adam what haft thou done? for though may observe the beautiful turn of t was thou that finned, thou art not the words, heavier the first in one allen alone, but we all that come of line and the last in the other : and bee.

that much is well thrown in, and 825. But all corrupt,] For as Job raises the sense greatly; the burden

And what thou fear'st, alike destroys all hope
Of refuge, and concludes thee miserable
Beyond all past example and futúre,

To Satan only like both crime and doom.
O Conscience, into what abyss of fears
And horrors hast thou driv'n me; out of which
I find no way, from deep to deeper plung'd!

Thus Adam to himself lamented loud Through the still night, not now, as ere Man fell, Wholesome and cool, and mild, but with black air Accompanied, with damps and dreadful gloom, Which to his evil conscience represented



is not only heavier than the earth to But not by art or skill, of things bear, it is beavier than all the world, futáre nay it is much heavier.

Can the plain troth revealed be 840. Beyond all past example and and told.

futúre,] As Adam is here There is no occasion then to read, speaking in great agonies of mind,

as some have propos'd, he aggravates his own misery, and concludes it to be greater and worse Beyond all paft example', and futhan that of the fallen Angels or all

ture too, future men, as having in himself

or as others, alone the source of misery for all his posterity, whereas both Angels Beyond all past example, and all and Men had only their own to bear. future. Satan was only like him, as being the ring-leader, and this added very 846. Through tbe fill night,] We much to his remorse as we read in can hardly suppose this to be the I. 605. The accent upon the word night immediately after the fall; for future is indeed very uncommon, but that night Satan overheard Adam it is the Latin accent, and there is and Eve discoursing together, ver. a like instance in Fairfax's Taffo, 341. Cant. 17. St. 88.




All things with double terror : on the ground 850
Outstretch'd he lay, on the cold ground, and oft
Curs’d his creation, death as oft accus'd
Of tardy execution, fince denounc'd
The day of his offense. Why comes not death,
Said he, with one thrice acceptable stroke
To end me? Thall truth fail to keep her word,
Justice divine not hasten to be just ?
But death comes not at call, justice divine
Mends not her flowest

pace for pray’rs or cries. O woods, O fountains, hillocs, dales and bowers, 860 With other echo late I taught your shades

To By right, and lift'ning where the Ω θανατε, θανατε, πως αe κα. hapless pair

λεμενα Sat in their fad discourse, and va- Ουτω κατ' ημαρ, ου δυνη μολις

rious plaint, Thence gather'd his own doom; 859. ber flowest pace] Pede and the next morning, while the sun The most beautiful passages com


claudo. Hor. Od. III. II. 32. in Aries rose, ver. 329.

he met Sin and Death in their way to earth ; for the beauties of this passage, we

monly want the fewest notes: and they discourse together, and it was after Sin and Death were arriv'd in are sure, the reader mut not only Paradise, that the Almighty made perceive them, but must really feel

them, if he has any feeling at all. that speech from ver. 616. to ver. 641. and after that the Angels are is more moving and pathetic.

Nothing in all the ancient tragedies order'd to make the changes in na- 860. O woods, O fountains, billocs, ture : so that this, we conceive, muft

dales and bowers, be some other night than that im

With other echo late I taught your mediately after the fall.

shades 854. W by comes not death, To answer, and resound far other

But death comes not at call,] 30- song ] Alluding to this part phocles' Philoctetes, 793.

of Adam's morning hymn, V. 202.



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To answer, and resound far other song.
Whom thus amicted when sad Eve beheld,
Desolate where the fat, approaching nigh,
Soft words to his fierce passion she assay’d:

865 But her with stern regard he thus repell’d.

Out of my fight, thou Serpent; that name best Befits thee with him leagu’d, thyself as false And hateful; nothing wants, but that thy shape, Like his, and color serpentine may show 870 Thy inward fraud, to warn all creatures from thee Henceforth; left that too heav'nly form, pretended To hellish fallhood, snare them. But for thee I had persisted happy', had not thy pride

And Witness if I be filent, morn or renewing her addresses to him, with

the whole speech that follows it, To hill, or valley, fountain or fresh have something in them exquisitely Dhade

moving and pathetic: Made vocal by my song, and taught He added not, and from her turn'd; his praile. Thyer.

but Eve &c. 863. Whom thus oflicted when sad Adam's reconcilement to her is

Evetehold, &c.] The part of work'd up in the same spirit of tenEve in this book is no less passionate derness. Eve afterwards proposes to and apt to sway the reader in her her husband, in the blindness of her favor. She is represented with great despair, that to prevent their guilt tenderness as approaching Adam, from descending upon pofterity they but is spurn’d from him with a spirit should resolve to live childless; or if of upbraiding and indignation, con- that could not be done, they hould formable to the nature of Man, seek their own deaths by violent whole paflions had now gained the methods. As those sentiments natudominion over him. The following rally engage the reader to regard pasige, wherein the is described as the mother of mankind with more



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