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Close following pace


pace, not mounted yet On his pale horfe: to whom Sin thus began. 590

Second of Satan sprung, all conqu’ring Death, What think'st thou of our empire now, though earn'd With travel difficult, not better far Than still at Hell's dark threshold to have fat watch, Unnam’d, undreaded, and thyself half starv'd? 595

Whom thus the Sin-born monster answer'd soon. To me, who with eternal famin pine, Alike is Hell, or Paradise, or Heaven, There best, where most with ravin I may meet; Which here, though plenteous, all too little seems 600 To stuff this maw, this vaft unhide-bound corps. To whom th’incestuous mother thus reply'd,

Thou 590. On his pale horse:] Tho' the Which alludes to that passage in author in the whole course of his Scripture, so wonderfully poetical, poem, and particularly in the book and terrifying to the imagination, we are now examining, has infinite Rev. VI. 8. And I looked and bebeld allusions to places of Scripture, I a pale borse ; and his name that lat have only taken notice in my re- on him was Death, and Hell followed marks of such as are of a poetical with him: and power was given nature, and which are woven with unto them, over the fourth part of the great beauty into the body of his earth, to kill with frord, and with fable. Of this kind is that passage in bunger, and with death, and witb the present book, where describing the beasts of the earth. Addison. Sin and Death as marching through 601.-ihisvast unhide-bound corps.! the works of Nature, he adds, it is strange how Dr. Bentley and

behind her Death others have puzled this passage. The Close following pace for pace, not meaning is plain enough. For Death mounted yet

though Ican is yet describ'd as a vast On his pale horse :

monster in Book II. And his skin


Thou therefore on these herbs, and fruits, and flowers
Feed first, on each beast next, and fish, and fowl,
No homely morsels; and whatever thing

The sithe of Time mowes down, devour unspar'd;
Till I in Man residing through the race,
His thoughts, his looks, words, actions all infect,
And season him thy last and fweetest prey.

This said, they both betook them several ways, 610 Both to destroy, or unimmortal make All kinds, and for destruction to mature Sooner or later; which th’ Almighty seeing, From his transcendent feat the Saints among, To those bright Orders utter'd thus his voice. 615 See with what heat these dogs of Hell advance

To was not tight brac'd, and did not INI 078 mporeuitat look leek and smooth, as when Το δυσεριςον αιμα φυσων αρης" creatures are swoln and full; but

Βεβασι δ' αρτι δωματων υποhung loose about him, and was capable of containing a great deal

Se you without being diftended.

Mitad poucol xaxwy dyspyn.de 616. See with what beat these dogs Aquxlol xuves.

of bell advance &c.] Upon the arrival of Sin and Death into the Or as Mr. Lauder will have it, he works of the creation, the Almighty had Masenius in view, is again introduced as speaking to his Angels that surrounded him.

Infernique canes populantur cuncta


Addison. We may be certain I think that And may we not suppose that he alMilton had his eye upon this paf- luded too to the following passage in fage in Sophocles, Electra. 1385

Shakespear's Julius Cæfar? Aa III.




To waste and havoc yonder world, which I
So fair and good created, and had still
Kept in that state, had not the folly' of Man
Let in these wasteful furies, who impute 620
Folly to me, so doth the prince of Hell
And his adherents, that with so much ease
I suffer them to enter and possess
A place so heav'nly, and conniving seem
To gratify my scornful enemies,
That laugh, as if transported with some fit
Of passion, I to them had quitted all,
At random yielded up to their misrule;
And know not that I call'd and drew them thither

My And Cæsar's Spirit, ranging for re- and seem to be beneath the dignity venge,

of an epic poem, and much more With Atè by his fide come hot from unbecoming the majesty of the divine Hell,

Speaker ; unless they may be vinShall in these confines, with a mo- dicated by the following paflage in narch's voice,

Scripture, which is express'd by the Cry Havoc, and let flip the dogs Son of God himself. Rev. III. 16. I of war.

will spue thee out of my mouth. The Homer often

puts such language into foregoing quotation from Shakethe mouth of his Gods and heroes, spear, and there are some such expressions Cry Havoc, and let flip the dogs in Scripture. For dogs have compafed me Pfal

. XXII. 16. They are greedy Mr. Warburton thinks much hapdogs. Ifa. LVI. 11. Beruare of dogs. pier (as indeed it is) than this paffage Phil. III. 2. Without are dogs. Rev. in our author, because havoc was XXII. 15. Thus far perhaps our formerly the cry made use of when author may be juftify'd, but in some the irregulars in an army destroy'd other parts of this speech the meta- all before them with fire and sword. phors are wonderfully coarse indeed, When Henry V.made his expedition

of war,

My Hell-hounds, to lick up the draff and filth 630
Which Man's polluting fin with taint hath shed
On what was pure, till cramm'd and gorg’d, nigh

With suck'd and glutted offal, at one fing
Of thy victorious arm, well-pleasing Son,
Both Sin, and Death, and yawning Grave at last 635
Through Chaos hurld, obstruct the mouth of Hell
For ever, and seal


his ravenous jaws. Then Heav'n and Earth renew'd shall be made

pure To sanctity that shall receive no stain : Till then the curse pronounc'd on both precedes. 640 He ended, and the heav'nly audience loud

Sung into France, he had rules and orders 640. Till then the curse pronounc'd of war drawn up (a copy of which on both precedes.] 'On both, is in Lincoln's Inn library) where that is on Heav'n and Earth men. there is one chapter denouncing the tiond in ver. 638, the Heaven and punihment on those who cry Havoc. Earth that were polluted, and Mall 635.Both Sin, and Death, and yawn- be made pure to fanctity. But should ing Grave at laf] Death and we read precedes

, or procedes with the Grave meaning the same is a Dr. Bentley? And is the meaning pleonasm, an abounding fulness of (as Mr. Richardson explains it) that expreslion, which adding force and the curse pronounc'd shall go before energy, and calling forth the atten. those ravagers Sin and Death, and tion, is a beauty common in the shall direct and lead them on? Or belt writers : but not for that reason the curse shall procede, shall go on, only Milton has used this; the Scrip- shall continue till the consummation ture hath thus join'd Death and the of all things, and Heaven and Earth Grave, Hor. XIII. 14. 1 Cor. XV. shall be restor’d? 55. and Rev. XX. 13. where the 641. He ended, and the heav'nly word render'd Hell signifies also the

audience loud Grave. Richardson.

Sung Halleluiah,]Dr.Bentley reads Voz. II.



Sung Halleluiah, as the found of seas,
Through multitude that sung: Just are thy ways,
Righteous are thy decrees on all thy works ;
Who can extenuate thee? Next, to the Son,
Destin'd restorer of mankind, by whom
New Heav'n and Earth shall to the
Or down from Heav'n descend. Such was their song,



ages rife,

and to him the audience loud &c; with- 647. New Heav'n and Earth fall out this (says he; it is not said to to the ages rije, whom they sung; and the words Or down from Heav'n defcend) Next, to the Son, ver. 645. show that Heaven and Earth is the Jewith they sung before to him, to the Fa- phrase to express our world; and ther. But this objection is founded the new Heav'n and Earth muft upon the Doctor's not observing the certainly be the same with that menforce of the word Halleluiah, where tion'd just before, Jah fignifies to God, the Father; and Then Heav'n and Earth renew'd therefore there was no need of to

shall be made pure him. See VII. 634. Pearce. To sanctity that shall receive do

642. as the sound of seas, ftain :

Through multitude that sung :] This And they shall to the ages rife, to the passage is formed upon that glorious Millennium, to the aurea fæcula, as image in holy Writ, which compares they are callid, or to ages of endless the voice of an innumerable host of date, as he elsewhere expresses it, Angels, uttering Halleluiahs, to the XII. 549. voice of mighty thunderings or of New Heav'ns, new Earth, ages of many waters. Addison.

endless date, 643. - Juft are thy ways,

Founded in righteousness,and peace, Righteous are thy decrees] The and love. same song that they are represented Shall rise, for sometimes he speaka finging in the Revelation. *Just and of them as rais'd from the confia. true are thy ways, thou King of Saints, grant mass, XII. 547. And springing Rev. XV. 3. True and righteous are from the ashes, III. 334. Or dosur thy judgments, Rev. XVI. 7: As in from Heav'n defcend, for St. John dethe foregoing passage he alluded to scribes the holy city, the new Jer afalen Rev. XIX. 6. And I heard as it were Rev. XXI. 2. as coming dorun from the voice of a great multitude, and God out of Heaven, as the voice of many waters, saying, 650.- gave them several charge) Halleluiah.

Under this head of celeftial perions


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