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His brooding wings the Spi'rit of God outspread, 235
Ard vital virtue' infus'd, and vital warmth
Throughout the fluid mass, but downward purg'd
The black tartareous cold infernal dregs
Adverse to life : then founded, then conglob'd
Like things to like, the rest to several place 240
Disparted, and between spun out the air,
And Earth self-balanc'd on her center hung.
Let there be light, faid God, and forthwith light

Ethereal, were not of the same nature and fit Cum paribus jungi res &c. for composing the earth, went off

Lucret. V. 438.. to other places, perhaps to form the planets and fix'd stars. This seems

241.-and between spun out the air, to be Milton's meaning. Pearce.

And Earth self-balanc'd on her Here it will be of use to recur to the

center bung, ] From Ovid Met. account in III. 708. The earthy, I. 12. but very much improv'd; watry, aery, and fiery particles, circumfuso pendebat in acre which before were blended promis. tellus cuoully, were now combin'd and Ponderibus librata fuis. fix'd as a foundation; for founded does either fignify that from fundare, 243. Let there be light, faid God, or to melt from fundere ; this latter

and forthwith light &c.} it cannot mean, 'twas already fluid. Gen. I. 3. And God said, Let there Thus Pfal. LXXXIX. 11. As for be light; and there was light. This ibe world and the fulness thereof Tbou is the passage that Longinus partibaff founded them. So Prov. III. 19. cularly admires; and no doubt its ibe Lord by wisdom bath founded the sublimity is greatly owing to its conwarth. The rest muft be something ciseness; but our poet inlarges upon different from the now elementary it, endevoring to give some account bodies, and that (III. 716.) is de- how light was created the first day, termind to be the ethereal quin- when the fun was not formed till tellence, of which the heavenly the fourth day. He says that it was luminous bodies were form'd. spher'd in a radiant cloud, and so

Richardson. journey'd round the earth in a cloudy Diffugere inde loci partes cæpere, tabernacle; and herein he is juftify'd pare que

by the authority of some commen

tators ;

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250

Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure
Sprung from the deep, and from her native east 245
To journey through the aery gloom began,
Spher'd in a radiant cloud, for yet the sun
Was not; she in a cloudy tabernacle
Sojourn’d the while. God saw the light was good ;
And light from darkness by the hemisphere
Divided: light the day, and darkness night
He nam’d. Thus was the first day ev'n and morn:
Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung
By the celestial quires, when orient light
Exhaling first from darkness they beheld; 225

Birthtators; though others think this light

249. God saw the light was was the light of the sun, which good; &c.) What follows is fhone as yet very imperfectly, and little more than the words of Moses did not appear in full lustre till the versify’d. And God saw the light that fourth day. It is most probable, it was good, and God divided ibe

. ligbt that by light (as it was produc'd the from the darkness: Milton adds how first day) we must not understand it was divided, by the hemisphere, the darting of rays from a luminous

And light from darkness by the body, such as do now proceed from the sun, but those particles of matter

hemisphere

Divided. which we call fire (whose properties we know are light and beat) which And God called the light day, and the Almighty produc'd, as a proper darkness be called night; and the everinstrument for the preparation and ing and morning were the first day. digestion of other matter. So Bishop Gen. I. 4, 5. Patrick upon the text. However it 253. Nor paft uncelebrated, &c.] be, Milton's account is certainly very The beauties of description lie so poetical, tho' you may not allow very thick, that it is almost imporit to be the most philosophical, and fible to enumerate them. The poet is agreeable to the description before has employ'd on them the whole quoted from Vida. See Mr. Thyer's energy of our tongue. The several note upon ver. 211.

great scenes of the creation rise up

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Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth ; with joy and sout
The hollow universal orb they fillid,
And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning prais'd
God and his works, Creator him they sung,
Both when first evening was, and when first morn.

Again, God said, Let there be firmament 261
Amid the waters, and let it divide
The waters from the waters : and God made
The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure,
Transparent, elemental air, diffus'd

265 In circuit to the uttermoft convex Of this great round: partition form and sure,

The

to view one after another, in 'fuch 261. Again. God said, &c.] When a manner, that the reader seems he makes God speak, he adheres present at this wonderful work, and closely to the words of Scripture. to afuft among the quires of Angels, And God

said, Let there be a firmament who are the spectators of it. How in the midħ of the waters, and let it. glorious is the conclufion of the first divide the waters from the waters. day! Addison.

Gen. I. 6. But when he fays that 256. - with joy and shout God made the firmament he explains

The bollow universal orb they fill d,] what is meant by the firmament, The Angels singing and shouting for The Hebrew word, which the Greeks joy at the creation of the world render by, sepseud, and our trans. seems to be founded upon Job lators by firmament, fignifies expan. XXXVIII. 4, 7.

Where waft ihou foon: it is render'd expansion in the when I laid the foundations of the margin of our bibles, and Milton earth; when the morning stars yang rightly explains it by the expanse of together, and all the sons of God elemental air. fboated for joy? And with this joy 264.— liquid air, ) Virg. Æn. VI. and thout bey fill'd the hollow uni. 202. liquidumque per acra. versal orb, the great round (as it is 267. partition form and fure,] calid ver. 267.) of the universe, For its certainty not solidity. St. bellow as being concave and having Augustin upon Genesis. It is not ho creatures to inhabic it.

call'd
firmament as being a solid body,

but

250

Ethereal, first of things, quintessence pure
Sprung from the deep, and from her native east 245
To journey through the aery gloom began,
Spher'd in a radiant cloud, for yet the sun
Was not; she in a cloudy tabernacle
Sojourn’d the while. God saw the light was good ;
And light from darkness by the hemisphere
Divided; light the day, and darkness night
He nam’d. Thus was the first day ev'n and morn:
Nor past uncelebrated, nor unsung
By the celestial quires, when orient light
Exhaling first from darkness they beheld;

225

Birthtators; though others think this light 249.

God saw the light was was the light of the fun, which good; &c.] What follows is shone as yet very imperfectly, and little more than the words of Moses did not appear in full lustre till the versify’d. And God saw the light that fourth day. It is most probable, it was good, and God divided ibe ligbt that by light (as it was produc'd the from the darkness: Milton adds how first day) we must not understand it was divided, by the bemisphere, the darting of rays from a luminous

And light from darkness by the body, such as do now proceed from

hemisphere the fun, but those particles of matter

Divided. which we call fiore (whose properties we know are light and beat) which And God called the light day, and the Almighty produc'd, as a proper darkness be called night;

and the eveninftrument for the preparation and ing and morning were the first day. digestion of other matter. So Bishop Gen. I. 4, 5. Patrick upon the text. However it ,253. Nor paft uncelebrated, &c.] be, Milton's account is certainly very The beauties of description lie fo poetical, tho' you may not allow very thick, that it is almost impofit to be the most philosophical, and fible to enumerate them. The poet is agreeable to the description before has employ'd on them the whole quoted from Vida. See Mr. Thyer's energy of our tongue. The several note upon ver. 211.

great scenes of the creation rực up

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Birth-day of Heav'n and Earth; with joy and shout
The hollow universal orb they fillid,
And touch'd their golden harps, and hymning prais'd
God and his works, Creator him they sung,
Both when first evening was, and when first morn.

Again, God faid, Let there be firmament 261
Amid the waters, and let it divide
The waters from the waters : and God made
The firmament, expanse of liquid, pure,
Transparent, elemental air, diffus'd

265 In circuit to the uttermoft convex Of this great round: partition form and sure,

The to view one after another, in such 261. Again, God said, &c.] When a manner, that the reader seems he makes God speak, he adheres present at this wonderful work, and closely to the words of Scripture. to aflift among the quires of Angels, And God said, Let there be a firmament, who are the spectators of it. How in the midf of the waters, and let it. glorious is the conclusion of the first divide the waters from the waters. day! Addison.

Gen. I. 6. But when he says that 256. with joy and foout

God made the firmament he explains The hollow universal orb they fill d] what is meant by the firmament, The Angels singing and shouting for The Hebrew word, which the Greeks joy at the creation of the world render by sepseud, and our trans. seems to be founded upon Job lators by firmament, fignifies expanXXXVIII. 4, 7. Where waft ibou foon: it is render'd expansion in the when I laid the foundations of the margin of our bibles, and Milton earth; when the morning fars Jang rightly explains it by the expanse of together, and all the sons of God elemental air. joated for joy? And with this joy 264.- liquid air,] Virg. Æn. VI. and thout they fillid the hollow uni. 202. liquidumque per acra. verfal orb, the great round (as it is 267. partition form and furen] cali'd ver. 267.) of the universe, For its certainty not solidity. St. bollow as being concave and having Augustin upon Genesis. 1 is not to creatures to inhabit it.

call'd firmament as being a solid body,

but

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