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Might intercept their empe'ror sent; so he
Departing gave command, and they observ'd.

As when the Tartar from his Russian foe
By Astracan over the snowy plains
Retires, or Bactrian Sophi from the horns
Of Turkishi crescent, leaves all waste beyond
The realm of Aladule, in his retreat

435 To Tauris or Casbeen: So these the late Heav'n-banish'd hoft, left desert utmost Hell Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Round their metropolis, and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer from the search 440 Of foreign worlds : he through the midst unmark’d, In show plebeian Angel militant

Of Aladale, of its last king Aladules, Of Turkish crescent.] Dr. Bentley lain by Selymus the firft, in bis re- says, better thus, treat to Tauris, a great city in the

or Bactrian Sophi fled from kingdom of Persia, now called Ec

tb' horns &c. batana, sometimes in the hands of the Turks, but in 1603 retaken by. But from is often used by Milton Abas king of Perfia, or Casbeen, one without expresiing the participle, of the greatest cities of Persia, in which yet is to be supplied in the the province of Ayrach, formerly Sense. See II. 542. VIII. 213. and Parthia, towards the Caspian Sea, IX. 396. Pearce. where the Persian monarchs made 441. -- he through the midst une their refidence after the loss of mark’d, &c.] This account Tauris, from which it is distant 65 of Satan's palling unmark'd through German miles to the south-east. the midst of the Angels, and ascend:

Hume. ing his throne invisible, and seeing 433. — or Baatrian Sophi from the there about him himself unseen, and barns

then bursting forth, as from a cloud,

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Æn. I. 439.

Of lowest order, pass’d; and from the door
Of that Plutonian hall, invisible
Ascended his high throne, which under state 445
Of richest texture spread, at th’ upper end
Was plac'd in regal lustre. Down a while
He sat, and round about him saw unseen:
At last as from a cloud his fulgent head
And shape star-bright appear'd, or brighter, clad

450 With what permissive glory since his fall

Was in glory, seems to be copied from Scarce had he spoken, when the a like adventure of Æneas, Virg.

cloud gave way, The mists few upward, and dis.

folu'd in day: Infert fe feptus nebula(mirabile dictu)

The Trojan chief appear'd in open Per medios, miscetque viris, neque

fight, cernitur ulli.

. Diffimulant, et nube cava specu- August in visage, and serenelybright

Dryden, lantur amicti

455. Their mighty chief return'd:) Vix ea fatus erat, cum circumfusa

We are in the next place to confider repente Scindit se nubes, et in æthera pur- which Milton has given us of them

the infernal agents under the view gat apertum.

in this book. It is observed by those Reftitit Æneas, clarâque in luce

who would set forth the greatness refullt,

of Virgil's plan, that he conducts Os þumerosque Deo fimilis.

his reader thro' all the parts of the -Then entring at the gate, earth which were discover'd in his Conceal'd in clouds, (prodigious to time. Afia, Afric, and Europe are relate)

the several scenes of his fable. The He mix'd, unmark'd, among the plan of Milcon's poem is of an inbusy throng,

finitely greater extent, and fills the Borne by the tide, and pass d un- mind with many more aftonishing seen along.

circumitances. Satan, having furBut doubtful of the wih'd event, rounded the earth seven times, dehe stays,

parts at length from Paradise. We And from the hollow cloud his then see him steering his course friends surveys

among the conftellations, and after

Was left him, or false glitter: All amaz'd
At that fo sudden blaze the Stygian throng
Bent their aspéct, and whom they wilh'd beheld,
Their mighty chief return’d: loud was th' acclame
Forth rush'd in haste the great consulting peers, 456
Rais’d from their dark Divan, and with like joy
Congratulant approach'd him, who with hand
Silence, and with these words attention won.
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, Powers,

For having traversed the whole creation, annual change which they are fuppursuing his voyage thro' the Chaos, posed to suffer, are instances of this and entring into his own infernal kind. The beauty of the di&tion is dominions. His first appearance very remarkable in this whole epi. in the assembly of fall’n Angels, is fode, as I have observed before the work d up with circumstances which great judgment with which it was give a delightful surprise to the contriv'd. Addison. reader ; but there is no incident in 457. Rais'd fromtheir dark Divan,) the whole poem which does this The Devils are frequently described more than the transformation of the by metaphors taken from the Turks. whole audience, that follows the ac- Satan is called the Sultan, I. 348. as count their leader gives them of his here the council is ftiled the Divan. expedition. The gradual change of The faid council is said to fit in secret Satan himself is describ'd after Ovid's conclave, I. 795. the Devil, the Turk manner, and may vie with any of those and the Pope being commonly thought celebrated transformations which are to be nearly related, and often join'd look'd upon as the most beautiful together. parts in that poet's works. Milton 460. Thrones, Dominations, Princenever fails of improving his own doms, Virtues, Powers,] It is hints

, and bestowing the last finishing common with Homer to make use touches to every incident which is of the same verse several times, and admitted into his poem. The unex- especially at the beginning of his pected hiss which rises in tbis epi- speeches; but I know not whether fode, the dimensions and bulk of there is not more of fimplicity in the Satan so much fuperior to those of practice than beauty. Our author the infernal Spirits who lay under however hath done the same with the same transformation, with the this line; but it is curious to observe VOL. II.



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For in possession such, not only' of right,
I call


and declare ye now, return'd Successful beyond hope, to lead ye

forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable, accurs’d, the house of woe, 465 And dungeon of our tyrant: now possess, As Lords, a spacious world, to' our native Heaven Little inferior, by my adventure hard With peril great achiev'd. Long were to tell What I have done, what suffer'd, with what pain 470 Voyag'd th’unreal, vaft, unbounded deep Of horrible confusion, over which

Ву how artfully he has manag'd it, and Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, by repeating it every time gives new Virtues, Powers, beauty to it. It is first made use of If these magnific titles yet remain by God the Father, when he declares Not merely titular &c. his Son the Messiah, and appoints The Seraph Abdiel on the other fide him Head of the Angels. Book V. 600.

repeats it likewise after God the

Father, and extols his goodness in Hear all ye Angels, progeny of having so named the Angels, ver. 839. light,

Crown'd them with glory', and to Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms,

their glory nam'd Virtues, Powers, &c.

Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms,

Virtues, Powers. Satan, after he had revolted and drawn his legions after him into the And now Satan addresses his Angels limits of the north, makes use of it with it again; for now, says he, i again in allusion to the foregoing may declare ye fuch not only of speech of God the Father, and que. right, but in possession. So that the itions whether these magnifc titles repetition of this line depends all were not now become merely titu. along upon the first use of it, and lar, ver. 772

gives a force and beauty to it, which

By Sin and Death a broad way now is pavid
To expedite your glorious march; but I
Toil'd out my uncouth paffage, forc'd to ride 475
Th’untractable abyss, plung'd in the womb
Of unoriginal Night and Chaos wild,
That jealous of their secrets fiercely' oppos'd
My journey strange, with clamorous uproar
Protesting Fate fupreme; thence how I found 480
The new created world, which fame in Heaven
Long had foretold, a fabric wonderful
Of absolute perfection, therein Man
Plac'd in a Paradise, by our exile

Made it would not have without the re- do not read of Chaos and the other petition.

Powers fiercely opposing him, or pro475. Teild out my uncouth pafage,] testing Fate with clamorous uproar, My strange unusual passage, of the On the contrary Chaos bids him Saxon uncud unknown, forc'd to ride tb' untra&table abyss, as in II. 540; Havoc, and spoil, and ruin are my

go and speed; and ride tbe air. IX. 63. he rode with

gain. darkness. Hor. Od. IV. IV. 44. Per Siculas equitavit undas.

We have But Satan is here extolling his own also in Scripture to ride upon the performances, and perhaps the auvinds, to ride upon the clouds, and thor did not intend, that the father the like expresions. But the toil of lies should keep ftrialy to truth. was not only in riding, but riding an 480. - thence bow I found) It is

' sutradable abyss.

very wrong in Dr. Bentley to make 480. Protesting Fate Supreme ;) here the beginning of a new period. Calling upon fate as a witness It is the same sentence still continued, against my proceedings. But this and refers to ver. 469. Long were to seems not perfeâly to agree with the tell &c. account in book the second. It was 484. -- by our exile] He constantly indeed with labor and difficulty that places the accent upon the latt fyllaSatan journey'd thro' Chaos, but we ble in exile, as Spenser likewise does,


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