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Might intercept their empe'ror sent; so he
435 To Tauris or Casbeen: So these the late Heav'n-banish'd hoft, left desert utmost Hell Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Round their metropolis, and now expecting Each hour their great adventurer from the search 440 Of foreign worlds : he through the midst unmark’d, In show plebeian Angel militant
Of Aladale, of its last king Aladules, Of Turkish crescent.] Dr. Bentley lain by Selymus the firft, in bis re- says, better thus, treat to Tauris, a great city in the
or Bactrian Sophi fled from kingdom of Persia, now called Ec
tb' horns &c. batana, sometimes in the hands of the Turks, but in 1603 retaken by. But from is often used by Milton Abas king of Perfia, or Casbeen, one without expresiing the participle, of the greatest cities of Persia, in which yet is to be supplied in the the province of Ayrach, formerly Sense. See II. 542. VIII. 213. and Parthia, towards the Caspian Sea, IX. 396. Pearce. where the Persian monarchs made 441. -- he through the midst une their refidence after the loss of mark’d, &c.] This account Tauris, from which it is distant 65 of Satan's palling unmark'd through German miles to the south-east. the midst of the Angels, and ascend:
Hume. ing his throne invisible, and seeing 433. — or Baatrian Sophi from the there about him himself unseen, and barns
then bursting forth, as from a cloud,
Æn. I. 439.
Of lowest order, pass’d; and from the door
450 With what permissive glory since his fall
Was in glory, seems to be copied from Scarce had he spoken, when the a like adventure of Æneas, Virg.
cloud gave way, The mists few upward, and dis.
folu'd in day: Infert fe feptus nebula(mirabile dictu)
The Trojan chief appear'd in open Per medios, miscetque viris, neque
fight, cernitur ulli.
. Diffimulant, et nube cava specu- August in visage, and serenelybright
Dryden, lantur amicti
455. Their mighty chief return'd:) Vix ea fatus erat, cum circumfusa
We are in the next place to confider repente Scindit se nubes, et in æthera pur- which Milton has given us of them
the infernal agents under the view gat apertum.
in this book. It is observed by those Reftitit Æneas, clarâque in luce
who would set forth the greatness refullt,
of Virgil's plan, that he conducts Os þumerosque Deo fimilis.
his reader thro' all the parts of the -Then entring at the gate, earth which were discover'd in his Conceal'd in clouds, (prodigious to time. Afia, Afric, and Europe are relate)
the several scenes of his fable. The He mix'd, unmark'd, among the plan of Milcon's poem is of an inbusy throng,
finitely greater extent, and fills the Borne by the tide, and pass d un- mind with many more aftonishing seen along.
circumitances. Satan, having furBut doubtful of the wih'd event, rounded the earth seven times, dehe stays,
parts at length from Paradise. We And from the hollow cloud his then see him steering his course friends surveys
among the conftellations, and after
Was left him, or false glitter: All amaz'd
For having traversed the whole creation, annual change which they are fuppursuing his voyage thro' the Chaos, posed to suffer, are instances of this and entring into his own infernal kind. The beauty of the di&tion is dominions. His first appearance very remarkable in this whole epi. in the assembly of fall’n Angels, is fode, as I have observed before the work d up with circumstances which great judgment with which it was give a delightful surprise to the contriv'd. Addison. reader ; but there is no incident in 457. Rais'd fromtheir dark Divan,) the whole poem which does this The Devils are frequently described more than the transformation of the by metaphors taken from the Turks. whole audience, that follows the ac- Satan is called the Sultan, I. 348. as count their leader gives them of his here the council is ftiled the Divan. expedition. The gradual change of The faid council is said to fit in secret Satan himself is describ'd after Ovid's conclave, I. 795. the Devil, the Turk manner, and may vie with any of those and the Pope being commonly thought celebrated transformations which are to be nearly related, and often join'd look'd upon as the most beautiful together. parts in that poet's works. Milton 460. Thrones, Dominations, Princenever fails of improving his own doms, Virtues, Powers,] It is hints
, and bestowing the last finishing common with Homer to make use touches to every incident which is of the same verse several times, and admitted into his poem. The unex- especially at the beginning of his pected hiss which rises in tbis epi- speeches; but I know not whether fode, the dimensions and bulk of there is not more of fimplicity in the Satan so much fuperior to those of practice than beauty. Our author the infernal Spirits who lay under however hath done the same with the same transformation, with the this line; but it is curious to observe VOL. II.
For in possession such, not only' of right,
and declare ye now, return'd Successful beyond hope, to lead ye
forth Triumphant out of this infernal pit Abominable, accurs’d, the house of woe, 465 And dungeon of our tyrant: now possess, As Lords, a spacious world, to' our native Heaven Little inferior, by my adventure hard With peril great achiev'd. Long were to tell What I have done, what suffer'd, with what pain 470 Voyag'd th’unreal, vaft, unbounded deep Of horrible confusion, over which
Ву how artfully he has manag'd it, and Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, by repeating it every time gives new Virtues, Powers, beauty to it. It is first made use of If these magnific titles yet remain by God the Father, when he declares Not merely titular &c. his Son the Messiah, and appoints The Seraph Abdiel on the other fide him Head of the Angels. Book V. 600.
repeats it likewise after God the
Father, and extols his goodness in Hear all ye Angels, progeny of having so named the Angels, ver. 839. light,
Crown'd them with glory', and to Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms,
their glory nam'd Virtues, Powers, &c.
Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms,
Virtues, Powers. Satan, after he had revolted and drawn his legions after him into the And now Satan addresses his Angels limits of the north, makes use of it with it again; for now, says he, i again in allusion to the foregoing may declare ye fuch not only of speech of God the Father, and que. right, but in possession. So that the itions whether these magnifc titles repetition of this line depends all were not now become merely titu. along upon the first use of it, and lar, ver. 772
gives a force and beauty to it, which
By Sin and Death a broad way now is pavid
Made it would not have without the re- do not read of Chaos and the other petition.
Powers fiercely opposing him, or pro475. Teild out my uncouth pafage,] testing Fate with clamorous uproar, My strange unusual passage, of the On the contrary Chaos bids him Saxon uncud unknown, forc'd to ride tb' untra&table abyss, as in II. 540; Havoc, and spoil, and ruin are my
go and speed; and ride tbe air. IX. 63. he rode with
gain. darkness. Hor. Od. IV. IV. 44. Per Siculas equitavit undas.
We have But Satan is here extolling his own also in Scripture to ride upon the performances, and perhaps the auvinds, to ride upon the clouds, and thor did not intend, that the father the like expresions. But the toil of lies should keep ftrialy to truth. was not only in riding, but riding an 480. - thence bow I found) It is
' sutradable abyss.
very wrong in Dr. Bentley to make 480. Protesting Fate Supreme ;) here the beginning of a new period. Calling upon fate as a witness It is the same sentence still continued, against my proceedings. But this and refers to ver. 469. Long were to seems not perfeâly to agree with the tell &c. account in book the second. It was 484. -- by our exile] He constantly indeed with labor and difficulty that places the accent upon the latt fyllaSatan journey'd thro' Chaos, but we ble in exile, as Spenser likewise does,