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Thy trophies, which thou view'st as not thine own;
Thou art their author and prime architect:
For I no sooner in


heart divin'd, My heart, which by a secret harmony Still moves with thine, join'd in connexion sweet, That thou on earth hadft prosper'd, which thy looks Now also evidence, but strait I felt

361 Though distant from thee worlds between, yet felt That I must after thee with this thy son, Such fatal consequence unites us three : Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds,

Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure
Detain from following thy illustrious track.
Thou hast achiev'd our liberty, confin'd
Within Hell


thou us impower'd To fortify thus far, and overlay

370 With this portentous bridge the dark abyss. Thine now is all this world; thy virtue' hath won

What 368. Thou haf achiev'd our liberty, See more inftances of this IV. 129. confin'd

VIII. 423. and IX. 908. Pearce. Within Hell gates till now, — ] 381. His quadrature, frottby orWhat liberty confin'd in Hell? a mere bicular world,) This world contradiction, says Dr. Bentley. He is orbicular or round; the empyreal therefore reads Us, us confin'd till Heaven is a quadrature or square. now in Hell. But our is the fame Our author had said before, Book as of us: and Milton means, the li- II, 1048. that it was undetermin's berty of us confin'd till now in Hell. Squart or round, and so it might be


What thy hands builded not, thy wisdom gain’d
With odds what war hath loft, and fully' aveng'd
Our foil in Heav'n; here thou shalt monarch reign,
There didst not; there let him ftill victor fway, 376
As battel hath adjudg'd, from this new world
Retiring, by his own doom alienated,
And henceforth monarchy with thee divide
Of all things parted by th' empyreal bounds, 380
His quadrature, from thy orbicular world,
Or try thậe now more dange'rous to his throne.

Whom thus the Prince of darkness answer'd glad,
Fair Daughter, and thou Son and Grandchild both,
High proof ye now have giv'n to be the race 385
Of Satan, (for 1 glory in the name,
Antagonist of Heav’n’s almighty king)
Amply have merited of me, of all
Th’infernal empire, that so near Heav'n's door
Triumphal with triumphal act have met,


Mine to Satan viewing it at that distance: 383. — the Prince of darkness] But here he follows the opinion of Satan may well be so callid, since Gafsendus and others, who say that his Angels are filed in Scripture, the Empyréum or Heaven of Hea- the rulers of the darkrefs of this world, vens is of a square figure because Eph. VI. 12. the holy city in the Revelation is so 386. — for 1 glory in the name, describ'd, Rev. XXI. 16. And the Antagonist &c.] The name Satan city lieth four-square, and the length is fignifies Antagonist or Adversary, as as large as the breadth,

we obferv'd before.



Mine with this glorious work, and made one realm
Hell and this world, one realm, one continent
Of easy thorough-fare. Therefore while I
Descend through darkness, on your road with ease,

associate Pow'rs, them to acquaint 395
With these successes, and with them rejoice,
You two this way, among these numerous orbs
All yours, right down to Paradise descend;
There dwell and reign in bliss, thence on the earth
Dominion exercise and in the air,

400 Chiefly on Man, fole lord of all declar'd, Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly kill.

My 391. and made one realm the same words as Moses does lo Hell and this world, one realm, one fhua. Deut. XXXI. 7, 8.

continent &c.] This is the genuin reading; but Mr. Fenton and 412. Spreading their bane;] Ovid's Dr. Bentley

have both in the second description of the journey of Envy line very absurdly printed our realm,

to Athens, and Milton's of Sin and though the Doctor places one in the Death's to Paradise, have a great margin, as if it were a conjecture imitates, he adds a greatness to it of his own.

as, in this place, he alters Ovid's 408. — prevail,] So it is in the flowers, herbs, people and cities to firti edition, in the second it is pre- ftars, planets and worlds. Ovid. vails.

Met. II.

791. 409. No detriment need fear;] Here our author plainly alludes to the Quacunque ingreditur, fiorentia procharge given by the Roman senate to the supreme magistrate in times Exuritque herbas, et fumma cacaof danger -- providere nequid refp. mina carpit; detrimenti accipiat. Thyer. AMatuque fuo populos, urbelot 409. go axd be strong.) Satan


Polluit. encourages Sin and Death in much

terit arva,

- where

My substitutes I send ye, and create
Plenipotent on earth, of matchless might
Issuing from me: on your joint vigor now 405
My hold of this new kingdom all depends,
Through Sin to Death expos’d by my exploit.
If your joint pow'r prevail, th’affairs of Hell
No detriment need fear; go and be strong.

So saying he dismiss’d them; they with speed 410
Their course through thickest constellations held,
Spreading their bane ; the blasted stars look'd wan,
And planets, planet-struck, real eclipse
Then fuffer'd. Th' other way Satan went down

The where the steers Usci quel fozzo vomito d' inferno, Her baneful course, a mighty blaft Sentiro i fiori intorno, e la verdura appears,

Fiati di pefte, et aliti d'Auerno.. : Mildews and blights; the meadows Poria col ciglio inftupidir natura, are defac'd,

Inborridire il bel pianeta eterno, The fields, the flow'rs, and the whole Intorbidar le felle, e gli elementi.

year's laid wafte: On mortals next, and peopled towns So Tallo speaking of Alecto. Gier. the falls,

Lib. Cant. 9. St. 1. And breathes a burning plague Si parte, e doue pasta i campi lieti among their walls. Addison.

Secca, e pallido il sol fi fà repente. See An Esay upon Milton's imitations

Thyer. of tbe Ancients, p. 42.

413. And planets, planet-ftruck,) 412.

We say of a thing when it is blafted - the blafted fars look'a

wan, &c.] Much in the fame and wither’d, that it is planet.ftruck; mander Marino describes bis Jea- and this is now applied to the planets loafy fallying out into the world. themselves. And what a sublime Ad. Cant. 12, St. 29.

idea doth it give us of the devasta

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tions of Sin and Death! Tofto che fuor de la spelonca oscura

47. And


The causey to Hell gate"; on either side

Disparted Chaos over built exclam'd,
And with rebounding surge the bars affailid,
That scorn'd his indignation: through the gate,

open and unguarded, Satan passa,
And all about found desolates for those
Appointed to fit there, had left their charge;
Flown to the upper world; the rest were all
Far to th' inland retir'd, about the walls
Of Pandemonium, city and proud seat
Of Lucifer, so by allusion callid;

Of that bright star to Satan paragon'd.
There kept their watch the legions, while the Grand
In council fat, solicitous what chance

Might 417. And with rebounding furge the plains. by Afracan, a confiderable bars affail'd,

part of the Czar's dominion, for That scorn'dbis indignation:] Virg. merly a Tartarian kingdom, with a

. Georg. II. 161.

capital city of the same name, near

the mouth of the river Volga, at its - Lucrinoque addita claufra, Atque indignatum magnis ftridori- fall into the Caspian sea; or Badrian

Sophi, or the Persian Emperor, named

Ba&trian of Bactria, one of the 426. — paragon'd.] Of paragonner greatest and richest provinces of Per(French) to be equal to, to be like, fia, lying near the Caspian Sea, from of mapa juxta and cywv certamen. the horns of Turkiss-crescent, from An exact idea or likeness of a thing, his Turkish enemies who bear the able to contest with the original. horned moon, the crescent in their

Hume. enfigns, leaves all waste beyond the 431. As when the Tartar &c.] As realm of Aladule, the greater Armswhen the Tartar retreats from his nia, called by the Turks (under Muscovite enemy, over tbe frozvy whom the greatest part of it is)


bus æquor.

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