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All judgment, whether in Heav'n, or Earth, or Hell.
Easy it may be seen that I intend
Mercy collegue with justice, sending thee
Man's friend, his mediator, his design'd. 60
Both ransome and redeemer voluntary,
And destin'd Man himself to judge Man fall’n.

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright
Toward the right hand his glory, on the Son
Blaz’d forth unclouded deity; he full
Resplendent all his Father manifest
Express’d, and thus divinely answer'd mild.

Father eternal, thine is to decree;
Mine both in Heav'n and Earth to do thy will
Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belov’d

70 May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge

On righteousness and peace have kised each 71. - I go to judge &c ] The biber. Pral. LXXXV. 10.

same divine Person, who in the 62. And deftin'd Man himself to foregoing parts of this poem inter

judge Man fall’n.) And bath ceded for our first parents before giver bim authority to execute judg- their fall, overthrew the rebel Anment also, because he is the son of man, gels, and created the world, is now John V. 27. Dr. Bentley reads thy- represented as descending to Parafelf, but himself is full as well or dile, and pronouncing sentence upon better.

the three offenders. The cool of 68. thine is to decrees'

the evening being a circumftance Mine - to do thy will] Virg. Æn. with which holy Writ introduces 1. 76.

this great scene, it is poetically de-Tuus ô Regina quid optes scribed by our author, who has also Explorare labor; mihi jufta capel- kept religioudly to the form of words, sere fas est.

in which the three several sentences Vol. II.




On earth these thy transgreffors, but thou know'st,
Whoever judg’d, the worst on me must light,
When time shall be, for so I undertook
Before thee'; and not repenting, this obtain
Of right, that I may mitigate their doom
On me deriv'd, yet I shall temper so
Justice with mercy', as may illustrate most
Them fully satisfy'd, and thee appease.

Attendence none shall need, nor train, where none
Are to behold the judgment, but the judg’d,
Those two; the third best absent is condemn’d,
Convict by flight, and rebel to all law:
Conviction to the serpent none belongs.
Thus saying, from his radiant seat he rofe 85


were passed upon Adam, Eve, and commonly used as a verb active, is the Serpent. He has rather chosen here used as a verb neuter, and to neglect the numerousness of his means no attendence will be wantverse, chan to deviate from those ing; and so it is used likewise in III, Speeches which are recorded on this 340. great occasion. The guilt and confusion of our first parents, standing

Then thou thy regal scepter thalt naked before their judge, is touch

lay by, ed with great beauty. Addison.

For regal scepter then no more

shall need, 74. - for so I undertook ] Sec God shall be all in all. Book III. 236. & c.

84. Conviction to the ferpent more 80. Attendence noxe pall need, ] belongs.] No proof is need This is either an elliptical way of ful against the serpent, compelld Speaking for I shall need no atten- by Satan to be the ignorant inttrudence: or rather the word need, tho' ment of his malice against mankind,


Of high collateral glory': him Thrones and Powers,
Princedoms, and Dominations ministrant
Accompanied to Heaven gate, from whence
Eden and all the coast in prospect lay.
Down he descended strait; the speed of Gods 90
Time counts not, though with swiftest minutes wing'd.
Now was the sun in western cadence low
From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour
To fan the earth now wak'd, and usher in
The evening cool, when he from wrath more cool 95

Came the mild judge and interceffor both
To sentence Man: the voice of God they heard
Now walking in the garden, by soft winds
Brought to their ears, while day declin'd; they heard,


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how mute and unable to answer for that is in other words, IV. 485. himfelf. Hume.

to have thee by my side 86. Of bigh collateral glory:) He Henceforth an individual folace vses collateral, as he does most other

dear. words, in a sense agreeable to the

92. Now was the fun in western etymology, side by side. The Son

cadence low fat at the right hand of the Father,

From noon, and gentle airs &c.] and rising from thence he may pro- This beautiful description is foundperly be said to rise from bis seat of ed upon this verse Genesis III. 8. bigb collateral glory, or as it is else. And they heard the voice of the Lord where express’d, VI. 747. from the God walking in the garden in the rigbe band of glory, where be fat. cool of the day; and Adam and his The word was used before in VIII. wife bid themselves from the presence 126.

of the Lord God amongst the trees of Collateral love, and deareft amity, the garden,




And from his presence hid themselves among
The thickest trees, both man and wife, till God
Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud.
Where art thou Adam, wont with joy to meet
My coming seen far off? I miss thee here,
Not pleas'd, thus entertain'd with folitude, 105
Where obvious duty' ere while appear’d unsought:
Or come I less conspicuous, or what change
Absents thee, or what chance detains? Come forth.
He came, and with him Eve, more loath, though

To'offend, discount'nanc'd both, and discompos’d;
Love was not in their looks, either to God
Or to each other, but apparent guilt,
And shame, and perturbation, and despair,
Anger, and obstinacy', and hate, and guile. 114
Whence Adam faltring long, thus answer'd brief.
I heard thee in the gard'n, and of thy voice
Afraid, being naked, hid myself. To whom


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to Adam call d aloud. and inlarges upon the divine histoWhere art thou Adam?] Gen. rian. III. 9. And the Lord God called unto 116. I heard thee in the gard's, Adam, and said unto him, Where and of thy voice art thou?

It is curious to ob- Afraid, being naked, hid myself. ] ferve how the poet paraphrases Gen, III, 10. And be faid, I beard


I 20

The gracious judge without revile reply'd.
My voice thou oft haft heard, and hast not fear’d,
But still rejoic'd; how is it now become
So dreadful to thee? that thou'art naked, who
Hath told thee? haft thou eaten of the tree,
Whereof I

gave thee charge thou shouldft not eat?
To whom thus Adam fore beset reply'd.
O Heav'n! in evil strait this day I stand 125
Before my judge, either to undergo
Myself the total crime, or to accuse
My other self, the partner of my life;
Whose failing, while her faith to me remains,
I should conceal, and not expose to blame 130
By my complaint; but strict necessity
Subdues me, and calamitous constraint,
Lest on my head both sin and punishment,
However insupportable, be all

134 Devolv'd; though should I hold my peace, yet thou Wouldst easily detect what I conceal,


thy voice in the garder, and I was Whereof I gave thee charge thou afraid, because I was naked; and I shouldst not eat?] Gen. III. 11.

And he said, Who told thee that thou 121. — that thou'art naked, who waft naked? haft thou eaten of the Haib told thee? baft thou eaten of tree, whereof I commanded thee that

thou shoulds not eat?

bid myself.

the trer,

P 3

137. This

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