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Man's transgression known, the guardian Angels forsake

Paradise, and return up to Heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approv’d, God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgreffors, who descends and gives sentence accordingly, then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and Death fitting till then at the gates of Hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by Man there committed, resolve to fit no longer confin'd in Hell, but to follow Satan their fire up to the place of Man: To make the way easier from Hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad high-way or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made; then preparing for Earth, they meet him proud of his success returning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against Man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transform’d with himself also suddenly into ferpents, according to his doom given in Paradise ; then deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things; but for the present commands his Angels to make several alterations in the Heavens and elements. Adam more and more perceiving his fall’n condition heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then to evade the curse likely to fall on their ofspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not, but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her feed should be reveng'd on the Serpent, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication,

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EAN while the hainous and despiteful act

Of Satan done in Paradise, and how He in the serpent, had perverted Eve, Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit, Was known in Heav'n; for what can ’scape the eye 5 Of God all-seeing, or deceive his heart Omniscient? who in all things wise and just, Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind Of Man, with strength entire, and free will arm'd, Complete to have discover'd and repuls’d Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend. For still they knew, and ought to’have still remember'd The high injunction not to taste that fruit, Whoever tempted; which they not obeying, Incurr'd (what could they less?) the penalty, 15


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12. For Pill ebey knew,) Man col- 26. God said, Let us make Man in lectively (ver. 9.) is antecedent to our image, and let them have domie the plural relative they, as Gen. I. mion &c.


16. And

And manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall.
Up into Heav'n from Paradise in haste
Th’angelic guards ascended, mute and sad
For Man, for of his state by this they knew,
Much wond'ring how the subtle Fiend had stol'n 20
Entrance unseen. Soon as th' unwelcome news
From Earth arriv'd at Heaven gate, displeas'd
All were who heard; dim sadness did not spare
That time celestial visages, yet mix'd
With pity, violated not their bliss.

About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes
Th'ethereal people ran, to hear and know
How all befel: they tow'ards the throne supreme

Ac16. And manifold ise fin, deferu'd of them. It is like the laft a&t of a to fall.] Every sin is com- well

. written tragedy, in which all plicated in some degree: and the who had a part in it are generally Divines, especially those of Milton's drawn up before the audience, and communion, reckon up several fins represented under those circumstances as included in this one act of eating in which the determination of the the forbidden fruit, namely, pride, action places them. I fall there. uxoriousness, wicked curiosity, infi- fore consider this book under four delity, disobedience &c, so that for heads, in relation to the celestial, such complicated guilt he deferu'd to the infernal, the human, and the imafall from his happy state in Paradise, ginary persons, who have their re

17. Up into Heav'n &c.] The tenth spective parts allotced in it. To be book of Paradise Loft has a greater gin with the celestial persons. The variety of persons in it than any other guardian Angels of Paradise are dein the whole poem. The author upon scribed as returning to Heaven upon the winding up of his action intro- the fall of Man, in order to approve duces all those who had any concern their vigilance; their arrival, their in it, and hows with great beauty manner of reception, with the forthe influence which it had upon cach row which appear'd in themselves,



Accountable made haste to make appear
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance,
And easily approv'd; when the most high
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd thus his voice.

Assembled Angels, and ye Pow'rs return'd .
From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd, 35
Nor troubled at these tidings from the earth,

fincerest care could not prevent, Foretold so lately what would come to pass, When first this tempter cross’d the gulf from Hell. I told ye then he should prevail and speed

40 On his bad errand, Man should be seduc'd


Which your

and in those Spirits who are said to with pity) in a parenthesis, this cross rejoice at the conversion of a finner, reasoning will be avoided. are very finely laid together in the

Warburton. following lines.

Addison. It is plain that Milton conceiv'd sad23. - dim sadness did not spare . ness mix'd with pity to be more conThat time celestial visages, yet mix'd fistent with heavenly bliss than sadness

With pity, violated not their bliss.] without that compaffionate temper. What a just and noble idea does our There is something pleasing, fomeauthor bere give us of the blessed thing divine even in the melancholy ness of a benevolent temper, and of a merciful mind. And this (adds how proper at the same time to ob- Mr. Thyer) might be farther conviate the objection that might be firm'd by the delight we take in made of sadness dwelling in heavenly tragical representations upon the Spirits! Tbyer.

ftage, where the pleasure arises from Here pity is made to prevent their sympathizing with the distresses of sadnels from violating their bliss : our fellow creatures, and indulging but the latter passion is so far from a pitiful commiserating temper. alleviating the former, that it adds 40. I told ye then &c.] See book weight to it. If you read (mix'd III. 86-96.

42. - bz


And flatter'd out of all, believing lies
Against his Maker; no decree of mine
Concurring to necessitate his fall,
Or touch with lightest moment of impulse 45
His free will, to her own inclining left
In even scale. But fall’n he is, and now
What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass
On his transgression, death denounc'd that day?
Which he presumes already vain and void,
Because not yet inflicted, as he fear’d,
By fome immediate stroke; but soon shall find
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Justice shall not return as bounty scorn'd.
But whom send I to judge them? whom but thee 55
Vicegerent Son? to thee I have transferr'd

All 42.

believing lies to proceed from the mouth of God Against his Maker;] Such as Satan himself. had, suggested, that all things did not


to thee I have transferrid proceed from God, that God kept the forbidden fruit from them out eth man, but bath committed all

All judgment] For the Father judge of envy &c. 45. with lightest moment of im

judgment unto the Son. John V. 22. pulse] The same metaphor

58. Easy it may be feen) We have that he had used before in VI. 239. printed it thus after the first edition. and we justify'd and explain'd it by In the second edition and others it Terence's paulo momento impellitur.

is Easy it might be seen, which is 53. Forbearance no acquittance)

not so well. These proverbial expressions are very 59. Mercy collegue with juslice,] improper any where in an epic poem, According to that of the Plalmiit, but much more when they are made Mercy and trush are met together,


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