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Nature herself, though pure of finful thought,
Wrought in her fo, that feeing me, she tura'd;
I follow'd her, she what was honor knew,
And with obsequious majesty approv'd
My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower 510
I led her blushing like the morn : all Heaven,
And happy constellations on that hour
Shed their selecteft influence; the earth
Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill ;

Joyous - Her virtue and her consciousness of natur. We mention this because worth,


passage hath been misunderstood The word conscience (says he) is here by Dr. Bentley, and may be so again taken in a lignification unwarranted

by others. by use. But the fa& is quite other 509. And with obsequious majefly wise ; for in our Englich verfion of approv'd] How exactly does the Bible the word is often used in our author preserve the same chathis sense: thus in Hebr. X. 2. fhould racter of Eve in all places where he bave had no more confcience of fins. speaks of her! This obsequious ma1 Cor. VIII. 7. Some avith con. jefty is the very same with the ang science of the idél eat, And thus con. fubmiffion, modeft pride in the fourth fcientia is used by the Latin authors, book, and both not unlike what as in Cicero de Senect. Conscientia Spenser has in his Epithalamium. bene adæ vitæ jucundiffima eft. Behold how goodly my fair Love

Pearce. doth lie 595. — or to say all, &c.] The In proud bumility. Thyer. construction of the whole passage is this, Though she was divinely


the earth brought , yet innocence and virgin is a copy from Homer, Iliad. XIV.

Gave fign of gratulation, &c.] This modesty, her virtue and the conscience of her worth, or to say all

, 347. where the creation is made to mature herself wrought in her fo, give the like tokens of joy at che that seeing me the turnod. Wrought amorous congress of Jupiter and Jana is the verb, and the nominative cases

on mount Ida. are innecence and virgin modefty, vir.

Toισι δ' υπο χθον δια φυεν νεοtue and conscience of worth, and Onasa gorny &c.


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Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs

515 Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings Flung rose, Aung odors from the spicy shrub, Difporting, till the amorous bird of night Sung spoufal, and bid haste the evening star On his hill top, to light the bridal lamp.

520 Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss

Which Glad earth perceives, and from her Nec circa vilem patulumque mora

beris orbem, Unbidden herbs, and voluntary Nec verbum verbo curabis reddere How'rs

fidus There golden clouds conceal the Interpres, &c.

heav'nly pair, Steep'd in soft joys, and circumfus'd For what originally others writ, with air ;

May be so well disguis'd, and so Celestial dews, descending o'er the


That with some justice it may pass Perfume the mount, and breathe Ambrofia round Pope.

But then you must not copy trivial

tnings, Bat Milton has greatly improv'd this, Nor word for word too faithfully as he improves every thing, in the translate. Roscommon. imitation. In all his copies of the beautiful passages of other authors Milton indeed in what he borrows he fudiously varies and difguiles from Scripture, observes the contrary them, the better to give himself the rule, and generally adheres minutely, air of an original, and to make by or rather religiously, to the very his additions and improve:nents what words as much as poffible of the he borrowed the more fairly his own; original. the only regular way of acquiring

519. — and bid base the rvering a property in thoughts taken from other writers, if we may believe

ftar Horace, whole laus in poetry are

On bis bill top, to light the bridal of undoubted _uthority. De Art. to light the bridad lamp, as it was

lamp. ) I becvering star is faid

the lignal among the ancients to Publica materies privati juris orit, îi light their lamps and torches, in or



for yours :

Poet. 131

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Which I enjoy, and must confess to find .
In all things else delight indeed, but such

As us’d or not, works in the mind no change, $25
Nor vehement desire, these delicacies
I mean of taste, fight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flowers,
Walks, and the melody of birds ; but here
Far otherwise, transported I behold,
Transported touch; here passion first I felt,


Com; der to conduct the bride home to

Phoebus' fery car the bridegroom.

In haste was climbing up the caftern

bill. Vesper adeft, juvenes confurgite &c.

Catul. And Shakespear, Romeo and Juliet,

Act II. Or bis bill top, says our author writing in the language as well as in

Now is the fun upon the highmoft

bill the spirit of the Ancients : for when

of this day's journey. this itar appear'd eastward in the morning, it was faid to rise on And this ceremony of the Ancients

of lighting their bridal lamps and Jamque jugis fummæ fargebat Lu. torches at evening is alluded to more cifer Idæ,

plainly in Book XI. 588. Ducebatque diem.

And now of love they treat, till th' Virg. Æn. II. 801.

evening star, when it appear'd westward in the

Love's harbinger, appear'd; then

all in beat evening, it was said to be seen on mount Oeta. Virg. Ecl. VIII. 30.

They light the nuptial torch, and

bid invoke Sparge marite nuces, tibi deserit Hymen, then first to marriage rites Hesperus Oetam.

invok'd. Our author therefore writes in classi 528.

but bere cal language. He does not mention Far otherwise, &c.] What a noble any mountain by name, but says mixture of rapture and innocence has only the evening far on bis hill top, the author join'd together, in the as appearing above the hills. And reflections which Adam makes on fo Spenser says of the fun, Fairy the pleasures of love compared to Queen, B. 1. Cant. 2. St. d, those of sense! Addifon.

mount Ida.

537. – ar

Commotion ftrange, in all enjoyments elfe
Superior and unmov'd, here only weak
Against the charm of beauty's pow'rful glance.
Or nature fail'd in me, and left fome

part Not proof enough fuch object to sustain,

535 Or from my fide fubducting, took perhaps More than enough ; at least on her bestow'd Too much of ornament, in outward show Elaborate, of inward less exact. For well I understand in the prime end

540 Of nature her th' inferior, in the mind And inward faculties, which most excel, In outward also her resembling less His image who made both, and less expressing The character of that dominion given

545 O'er other creatures; yet when I approach

Her 537 at least on ber beftow'd In choice, but ofteft to affect the Too much of ornament, in outward wrong? show


resembling bels Elaborate, of inward less exact.] The poet has inlarg'd upon the same to adopt the opinion, that the image

His image &c.] Milton here femme sentiment in his Samson Agonistes. of God in man was the dominion Is it for that such outward ornament given to him over the creatures, conWas lavish'd on their sex, that in- trary to the sense he follows at ver. ward gifts

440. but this is not the only intance, Were left for halte unfinish'd, judg. where in different places he goes upment scant,

on different hypotheses, as may bet Capacity not rais'd to apprehend, suit with lois subject. See his diffeQr value what is belt

rent construction of the sons of God

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Her lovelinefs, fo abfolute she feems
And in herself complete, fo well to know
Her own, that what she wills to do or fay,
Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, beft;

All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded, wisdom in discourse with her
Loses discount'nane'd, and like folly shows;
Authority and reason on her wait,
As one intended first, not after made

555 Occasionally; and to confummate all, Greatness of mind and nobleness their feat Build in her loveliest, and create an awe About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.

To whom the Angel with contracted brow. 360 Accuse not nature, she hath done her part; Do thou but thine, and be not diffident

Of going in to the daughters of men man nature, that he seems apprein Paradise Lost, and Paradise Re- henfive of the evils which might begain'd. Tbyer.

fall the species in general, as well 547: fo absolute] So finith'd, as Adam in particular, from the po perfet, fo complete

, as it is said excess of chis paflion. He therefore fo perfe&, fo complee, as it is said forrifies him again it by timely adin the next line, and as the word is explain'd in the note upon ver.421. pare the mind of the reader for the

monitions ; which very artfully preAnd so absolu'd is used VII. 94.

occurrences of the next book, where 560. To whom the Angel with con- the weakness of which Adarn here

tracted brow.) These senti gives such didant discoveries, bringe ments of love in our firlt parent gave about ebat fatal event which is the the Angel such an insight into hu- subject of the poem. Addifon.

568.- and

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