History of Civilization in England, Том 1

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From Egypt 7584
75
From Central America 8485
84
And from Mexico and Peru 86
92
Influence of the general aspects of nature upon the imagination
108
Also by an unhealthy climate making life precarious 115118
115
This proposition illustrated by a comparison between Hindustan
133
Hence it appears that of the two classes of mental and ptTysical
142
CHAPTER IV
153
Comparison of the moral with the intellectual element
160
Ignorant men are mischievous in proportion to their sincerity 167108
167
CHAPTER V
207
j Reasons why the present history is restricted to England 211215
211
With that of the United States of America 220221
220
CHAPTER VI
265
One cause of error in history was the invention of writing 272276
272
But the most active cause of all was the influence of the clergy 282283
282
Illustration of this from the history of Charlemagne by Turpin 292294
292
The first improvement in writing history began in the fourteenth
298
Also in the work of Dr Horst on the Golden Tooth 304305
304
Origin of religious toleration in England
310
his tendency displayed in Chillingworth 319321
319
Great advantage of this 327329
327
Influence of this spirit upon Sir Thomas Browne 334337
334
It causes the establishment of the Royal Society
340
Legislative improvements in the reign of Charles II in spite
348
These improvements were due to the sceptical and inquiring spirit 354355
354
And by his dislike of the church
361
Fresh encouragement thus given to scepticism 377378
377
But was weukened by the dissenters headed by Wesley and White
383
The English rebellion was a war of classes 697605
605
Bat in France the energy of the protective spirit and the power
606
Vanity and imbecility of the French nobles v s 7 008615
613
But the English rebellion succeeded because it was a democratic
619
Men of letters grateful to Louis XIV
626
Its first effect was to stop the progress of science 632636
632
Also in zoology and in chemistry
640
Louis XIV 852654
654
Hence liberal opinions in France which the government attempted
670
Hence they were led to assail Christianity 693697
693
CHAPTER XIII
701
Still further progress early in the seventeenth century 708710
708
Illustration of this from the work of Audigier 718721
718
Immense improvements introduced by Voltaire 730750
730
His views adopted by Mallet Mably Velly Villaret Duclos
737
And on the pedantic admirers of antiquity 743745
743
Ignorant prejudice against him in England
750
The works of Montesquieu and value of his method 751766
751
The dtscourses of Turgot and their influence 767758
758
Rise of the political economists 764766
764
And to favour religions toleration 770772
770
Jansenism being allied to Calvinism its revival in France aided
779
Connexion between this movement and the rise of atheism 786788
786
And in Condillac 792795
792
Also on chemistry and geology 799807
799
In England during the same period there was a dearth of great
808
Analogy between this and Pinels work on insanity 834835
834
The same democratic tendency was observable in changes of dress 841842
841
Summary of the causes of the French Revolution 848850
848

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Сторінка 313 - For men to be tied and led by authority, as it were with a kind of captivity of judgment, and though there be reason to the contrary not to listen unto it, but to follow like beasts the first in the herd, they know not nor care not whither this were brutish. Again, that authority of men should prevail with men either against or above reason, is no part of our belief. Companies of learned men, be they never so great and reverend, are to yield unto reason...
Сторінка 220 - In no country, perhaps, in the world is the law so general a study. The profession itself is numerous and powerful, and in most provinces it takes the lead. The greater number of the deputies sent to the Congress were lawyers. But all who read, and most do read, endeavor to obtain some smattering in that science.
Сторінка 422 - America, if she has taxable matter in her, to tax herself. I am not here going into the distinctions of rights, nor attempting to mark their boundaries. I do not enter into these metaphysical distinctions. I hate the very sound of them.
Сторінка 26 - In a given state of society, a certain number of persons must put an end to their own life. This is the general law; and the special question as to who shall commit the crime depends of course upon special laws; which, however, in their total action, must obey the large social law to which they are subordinate.
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Сторінка 162 - ... then, lies the gist of the whole matter. The progress is one, not of internal power, but of external advantage. The child born in a civilized land, is not likely, as such, to be superior to one born among barbarians ; and the difference which ensues between the acts of the two children will be...
Сторінка 38 - In a state of society like this, the accumulation of wealth is the first great step that can be taken, because without wealth there can be no leisure, and without leisure there can be no knowledge. If what a people consume is always exactly equal to what they possess, there will be no residue, and therefore, no capital being accumulated, there will be no means by which the unemployed classes may be maintained.3 But if the produce is greater than the consumption...
Сторінка 14 - Consciousness is the perception of what passes in a man's own mind. Can another man perceive that I am conscious of any thing, when I perceive it not myself?
Сторінка 422 - ... we must govern America according to that nature and to those circumstances, and not according to our own imaginations, not according to abstract ideas of right, by no means according to mere general theories of government, the resort to which appears to me, in our present situation, no better than arrant trifling.
Сторінка 161 - ... but how many instances there are of such qualities not being hereditary. Until something of this sort is attempted, we can know nothing about the matter inductively ; while, until physiology and chemistry are much more advanced, we can know nothing about it deductively. These considerations ought to prevent us from receiving statements (Taylor's Medical Jurisprudence, pp.

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