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The Ladies' Garment Workers have a still more complicated
way of organizing for local solidarity.
They are organized in
to local unions according to the "branch of the ladies' garment industry", or "branch of the trade", in which they are employed,
with the following provision:
"À charter shall not be granted to a Local Union of a
branch of the trade of which there is another Local Union in
existence in the same city or locality, except with the consent of such existing Local Union.
In New York City there are at the present time twentyfive locals, a among which occur such titles as the following: Ladies' Waist and Dressmakers' Union, Cutters' Union, Buttonhole Makers' and Button Sewers' Union, Bonnaz, Sing er and
Hand Embroiderers' Union, Skirt and Cloth Dressmakers' Union,
For the sake of industrial solidarity, the constitu
tion provides as follows:
"Two or more local unions located
in the Sune city or locality and engaged in various branches
of the same trade, shall organize a Joint Board."
local unions in the cloak, suit, and skirt trade, for example,
must form a Joint Board, to which each union sends an equal
number of delegates.
Similarly, local unions in the dress
and waistmaking trade form a Joint Board.
The Joint Board
1. Constitution, Article VI.
has authority to call and conduct strikes, subject to endorse
ment by the General Executive Board.
This rules out craft di
vision and insures that in each branch of the industry there
is local solidarity.
The constitution provides further that all of the lo
cal unions in any one city or locality, irrespective of the
träde to which they belong, shall organize a District Council, which shall consist of an equal number of delegates from each
The council has nothing to do with strikes,
business is to organize all of the various branches of the
ladies' garment industry in its locality and agitate for the
It decides all controversies between local un
ions or between a local union and a member.
It muy censure,
fine, suspend, or expel u local union which fails to act ac
cording to the general constitution. All its decisions are binding unless reversed by the General Executive Board.
In the Amalgamated Textile Workers, the Amalgamated
Clothing Workers, and the Ladies' Garment Workers the allo
cation of power between the General Executive Board and the
local authority is shown by their method of settling diffi
culties and conducting strikes. In the case of the Textile Workers, when any difficulties with employers arise, the of
ficers of the Joint Board investigate the trouble immediate
ly and try to adjust the difference.
If they fail to settle
the trouble, they deliberate whether to call a strike.
must imediately notify the General Office and consult it in