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cast by the economic power of the capitalists.
State would be like catching a shadow.
But after we capture
the factories, I. W. W.'s boast, find the shadow then, and it
will be our shadow.
The structure of the I. W. W. and that of the W.I.I.U.
are almost identical.
The great difference is in the alloca
tion of power.
So radically do they differ in this respect
that the governments they propose to set up would be wholly
worker must be organized into one big union of his industry.
It does not mean mass unionism.
It does not mean that the
railroad worker, the plumber, the teamster, and the baker
1 will all be in the same local union. That form of organi
zation has been proved a failure.
The I.W.W. and the W.I.I.U.
agree on the necessity of organization according to industry. "The 'one big union" slogan of the I. v. W.," we are
2 tola, "means CLASS organization according to industry. It
"All workers of one industry in one union; all unions
1. Grover H. Perry, "The Revolutionary I...," 3. 2. Ibid.
The structure of local unions of the I. W. W. differs
little from that of the W. I. I. U.
The Industrial Branch
Union of the I. W. W. corresponds to the Local Industrial Un
ion of the W. I. I. U., and both organizations provide for an
Industrial District Council. They differ slightly in the subdivisions of the local union; for the I. W. W. has, in practice
at least, no Trade Branches,
although the constitution speaks
of workers in a given industry being "welded together as the
particular requirements of said industry may render necessary. This is interpreted to mean shop sections primarily, although there may be language sections or department or district sub
The significant difference is in the power and method
of operation of the local.
In the I. W. W., power resides in
the general membership; officers are only clerks.
present fight against capitalism, "workers, not officials," we
are told, "call strikes on or off. All power thereby remains in the hands of the man on the job.4 This is "a real demo
cracy in action."
Officers transact affairs of general con
cern, maintain communication with other branches of the same
1. "One Big Union," 29.
1917), "Is Freedom Dead ?"
industrial union, and attend to all detail work.' So they
will continue to do when the Industrial Branch Union becomes
a unit in the Industrial Co-operative Commonwealth.
portant matters require the attention of the entire local
"Such important matters," we are informed, "are
referred to a general meeting or a general referendum of the local membership.
Although the Industrial Union of the I. W. W. is
identical in structure with that of the b. I. I. U., in the
latter it would be a State in an Industrial Republic, in the
former only a federation of Industrial Branches with a staff
of clerks at the head.
The Industrial Union would have no
such power as under the W. I. I. U. system.
and executive board would transact its affairs, maintain com
munication between branches, etc., but important matters pertaining to the industry would be dealt with through the
3 referendum. The officials are also expected to maintain
unity of action among the branches.
They function as a
committee, selected by actual workers in the various
branches, to facilitate co-operation throughout the in
dustry, and since the industry, under the I. W. Y., would
recognize no national boundaries, such a committee would
Authority, however, would rest with the
1. B. H. Williams, "The Constructive Program of the 1.W.W.,"
in Solidarity, June 7, 1913. 2. Ibid. 3. Ibid.