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required to maintain communication between the district and
National Industrial Unions "of closely kindred in
are united in a Department of Industry, as, for
example, the Department of Mining or the Department of Trans
portation and Communication.
On paper there are six of these
Departments. The six departments are organized to form the Workers' International Industrial Union.
Authority over the whole organization is centralized,
at the same time that there are elaborate provisions for mak
ing the executives responsive to the will of the general mem
The annual convention "is the supreme legislative
body of the organization, and its actions and enactments are
of legal force unless reversed upon a referendum vote by the whole membership.
Between conventions the supreme author
ity is the General Executive Board (G. E. B.), which is elec
ted annually by referendum vote from a list of candidates
nominated by the convention.
"The decisions of the General
Executive Board on all matters pertaining to the organiza
tion or any subordinate part thereof shall be binding, sub
ject to an appeal to the next convention or to the entire
3 membership. The G. E. B. has full power to call out any
other union or unions in support of a strike regularly
1. Constitution of W. I. I. U. 2. Ibid. 3. Ibid.
ordereå by the Organization or G. E. B., or in case of a lock
"any agreement entered into between the members of any
Local Union, or organization, and their employers, as a final
settlement of any difficulty or trouble which may occur be
tween them, shall not be considered valid or binding until the
agreement shall have the approval of the General Executive
Board of The Workers' International Industrial Union.
union shall be entitled to assistance from the general organ
ization in case of strike only when the general organization
,,1 has allowed or endorsed the strike question. Such is the
authority of the General Executive Board, the embryo Economic
The unit of Congressional representation is politically geographic, either a state or a geographic area within the state. Senators are elected from Wisconsin, Representatives from the
Third and Fifth Congressional Districts, etc. But under a purely industrial representation, arbitrary geographic boundaries will be wiped out. There will be no state of Wisconsin,
no Maine or Mississippi.
All the forty-eight states will dis
"Like the flimsy cardhouses that children raise, "
said De Leon, "the present political governments of countfies,
of States, aye, of the city on the Potomac herself, will
tumble down, their places taken by the central and the sub
ordinate administrative organs of the Nation's industrial
Hannnatruction of Society 11 38-39.