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control over nature.
The W. I. I. v. admits, for instance,
that the immense contributions of classic Greece to the men
tal progress of mankind in science, art, and philosophy were
made possible only through chattel slavery. Leisure for some was required for a study of natural laws, in order to improve
man's productive powers.
But with the present development of
science, Class Rule has ceased to have the least excuse for
existence and must be once for all supplanted by industrial
Thus the W. I. I. U. is opposed to Nietzsche, who
regarded slavery as eternally proper for the masses of mankind.
Accepting the doctrine of the class struggle leads in
evitably to class-consciousness.
From the quotations given
above to prove that, as a rule, industrial unions accept the
class struggle, it should be evident that what they mean by class-consciousness is the recognition of a two-class align
ment, on the one hand the employing class, on the other the
So this is the last of the class struggles.
Industrial unionism may be resorted to solely in or
der to increase fighting efficiency, an object on which all
industrial unions agree, or with the further purpose of some
day operating the industry. Those unions which are avowedly "vitalized by the dynamic forces of class consciousness,
1. Karl Dannenberg, "The Road to Power, " 25.
as they themselves express it, are organizing to take possession of the industry.
The Amalgamated Clothing Workers and the Amalgamated
Textile Workers, for instance, have these statements in the
Preamble to their constitutions: "The same farces that have
been making for Industrial Unionism are likevise making for
a closer inter-industrial alliance of the working class. The
industrial and inter-industrial organization, built upon the
solid rock of clear knowledge and class-consciousness, will
put the organized working class in úctual control of the sys
tem of production, and the working class will then be ready
!. 7 til by to take possession of it."
Dropped by a peu
The I. W. W. has a similar goal in view, as is set
forth in the preamble of their constitution: "The army of
production must be organized, not only for the everyday
struggle with capitalists, but also to carry on production when capitalism shall have been overthrown. By organizing
industrially we are forming the structure of the new so
ciety within the shell of the old."
All industrial unions which accept the doctrine of
the class struggle are organizing to take possession of the industry. In other words, the industrial union is the
class struggle organized in the industries.
Craft unions are dissolving and industrial unions of
new and varied types are crystallizing.
It is an intricate
and fascinating process to observe.
1. The United Brewery and soft Drink Workers may be an
exception. They adhere to the Socialist Party.