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* Many of the Fellow-Commoners of St. John's and of Tripity are A.B.
After the colleges, a few words ought, I think, to be said of the church of St. MARY. It is there 'that the members of the university assemble on Sundays and holidays, to hear divine service. It stands in the middle of the town, on the north-east side of Trumpington-street, opposite to the public library and the schools. The whole length of the building, including the chancel, is one hundred and twenty feet, and its breadth sixty-eight. Two aisles, which themselves deserve to be called chapels, lead to the chancel. In'an exceedingly handsome gallery, raised between the church and the chance!, sit the vice-chancellor, the heads of the colleges, noblemen, and doctors; and in the nave is the
place for the masters of arts, fellow-commoners and strangers. The bachelors and undergraduates have galleries over the side aisles. Between the chancel and the nave, not before, but below the doctor's gallery, sit the mayor and aldermen on public days, and the judges when on their circuit. The seats of the parishioners are on each side of the nave, and are very neatly built with wainscot. At the west end of the church is a large and fine organ. In the gallery, anthems are sung on grand festivals, oratorios for the benefit of Addenbroke's hospital performed, and acts for degrees of bachelors and doctors in music kept. On these oce casions, a large band of vocal and instrumental musicians are engaged ; and the loft is enlarged for their accommodation.
This church was built by contribution; and its erection is said to have been continued from time to time, during a hundred years. It was began in 1478; completed, but without the steeple, in 1519; and the steeple was not finished before 1608. The steeple is a plain, but handsome and lofty tower, containing twelve musical bells, which are rung upon all state holidays, &c. King Henry VII. Lady Margaret, Dr. Thomas Barrow, John Vere earl of Oxford, John Alcock bishop of Ely, Thomas Rotherham archbishop of York, Sir Walter Mildmay, and Lady Burleigh, were contributors to the building of this church; and the galleries were erected out of the interest of money, &c. left by a Mr. Worts. In the years 1783 and 1784, about fifteen hundred pounds were expended upon repairs; to which sum the university contributed two thirds, and the parish one. Trinity college always repairs the chancel.
One other church, at this place, called St. SEPULCHRE's, is remarkable for its circular form, It is said to have been a synagogue, but was more probably built by some of the knights Templars, in the reign of Henry I. soon after the institution of that order.
Before I conclude this tour, I cannot help mentioning the CONDUIT, which stands in the front of the county-hall. The water is brought by an aqueduct, which was made at the sole charge
of Thomas Hobson, who was carrier between London and this town, in 1614. The name of this benevolent man will always be remembered : it has entered
common proverb; and though the occasion may appear trifling, yet I must regard it as redounding to his honour, since it was the consequence of a considerate disposition, and worthy of the giver of the Conduit. Hobson used to furnish the scholars with horses ; and in this profession he made it a fixed rule, that
every horse should have an equal share of labour. With this view he would never let one out of its turn; and, hence the proverbial saying :
Hobson's choice : this or none. Adieu!I remain here: but our friends left me yesterday, on their way to London, through Royston* and Pickeridge, which is the shortest and most pleasant road. I give you this hint, as much for my own benefit, as yours; for I hope that you will speedily favour me with your promised visit, and find that I have been a faithful, though concise, delineator of my destined Alma Mater.
* No person of taste should pass through Royston, without visiting the singular subterraneous chapel, formed by dame Roisiade, who married the first earl of Essex, 1144. It stands under the middle of the street, and was discovered in 1742. It was wholly cut out of the solid chalk, and contains many curious sculptures in relicf. Thongh so far el the surface of the earth, it is perfectiy dry.
PRINCIPAL SEA-BATHING PLACES,
IN ENGLAND AND WALES.
IN A LETTER TO THE EDITOR.*
Bath, October, 1806. PERMIT
ERMIT me, Sir, to offer an original and additional tour of considerable extent and interest, as an appendage to your very entertaining and useful collection, I have spent a great part of the summer that is just elapsed, in rambling from one place of public resort to another, and I will endeavour to supply you
with a brief account of the localities and prominent features to each. Such a tour I have always thought is wanting to the completion of your valuable work; and if my rapid view of objects should appear to you sufficiently satisfactory for general readers, I shall have great pleasure in assisting to fill up the deficiency.
* For a more ample account of the places of public resort, see “ The Guide to the Watering and Sea-bathing Places,” and the various local Guides.