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The gardens are neatly laid out and have a cheerful open appearance. From the terrace is à view of some of the most splendid academical buildings, which indeed surround this college.
Almost opposite is JESUS COLLEGE, founded by Queen Elizabeth in 1571; and at the request of Dr. Price, a native of Wales, who' bestowed considerable revenues on the original institution, she granted several gifts and privileges for its speedier completion. Other lovers of learning followed in the same generous course; so that the society now consists of a principal, nineteen fellows, and eighteen scholars, besides many exhibitioners. The Earl of Pembroke is visiter.
Jesus College has a handsome front, with a grand rustic gåte-way; and consists of two courts. The first court makes a good appearanre have ing the chapel on the north side and the hall
the west. The inner court is neat, and contains a well-furnished library and other apartments.
In the principal's lodgings are some original paintings, particularly a Charles I. by Vandyke. In the library are portraits of Dr. Hugh Price and other benefactors t') the college.
Among the curiosities preserved here, may be ranked the statutes of the college, written by Mr. Parry, formerly fellow, upon vellum, in the most beautiful style of graphic excellence, and a splendid piece of plate, the gift of Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, bart. for the use of the commun room. It is almost unnecessary to observe, that the gentlemen, who enter of this college, are commonly from the principality of Wales. It has produced many eminent men, who have distinguished themselves in the various departments of science and of life,
Having now finished our tour of the University, we conclude with the wish for its welfare conveyed in the following lines :
O! may fair science in these precincts smile,
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE,
IN A LETTER TO A FRIEND.
a prior engagements would not permit you to acconipany the agreeable party you was so anxious to form, for a visit to Cambridge on my intended matriculation. Your desire, however, to hear from me, made me carry you constantly in my inind; and, though absent, I feel myself conversing with you, while I furnish you with a short account of what we have jointly seen in this celebrated seat of learning
Our journey from London presented nothing remarkable, and therefore I will not tease
with impositions at the inns, the insolence of post-boys, and the saucy civility of landlords*. We arrived here the next evening after we left you, and put up at the Hoop Inn and Tavern, from which we made
* There are three roads from London to Cambridge: through Barkway about 51 miles, through Royston 51, and through Epping 56.
our excursions, during two successive days, to inspect the colleges, and other curiosities of the place. As it was nearly dark when we reached Cambridge, and one of our female friends a little fatigued, we resolved to keep good hours, and to enjoy the first view of Cambridge by a morning
Having purchased the local guide, we set out after breakfast, and began our tour of the University, which consists of sixteen colleges and halls. Its origin has been much disputed. We have heard that Cantabar, a Spaniard, founded it two hundred and seventy years before Christ; but the name is evidently derived from the bridge over the Cam, and therefore little regard is to be paid to far-fetched etymologies. During the Saxon and Danish periods, it probably was in some esteem as a seat of learning, and after the Norman conquest, we find it had acquired so much celebrity, that Henry I. was educated here, and, on account of his proficiency, obtained the name of Beauclerc, or the learned student.
Originally, as in the sister University, the students hired halls, or hotels, for performing their exercises, and boarded with the townsmen.
We saw an ancient remaining structure of this kind, called Pythagoras' School, situated on the west of the river. În process of time, however, colleges were founded and endowed, and the mode of study rendered more comfortable and easy. The whole number of fellows, in Cambridge, is now 406; of scholars, 666; besides 236 inferior members, who live on the revenues of their respective societies. In this list we do not include exhibitioners, who have certain stipends for a limited time. The whole number of academies does not amount to inuch less than 2000.
The governinent of the University is by a chan