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To go from longing land to land
A stateless queen-a welcome guest-
From North to South, and East to West.
Ere Autumn dons his russet robe,
And makes her progress through the globe.
“ The Feast of Roses"--in whose light
Of all her subjects reunite.
The bee rings out his bugle bold,
The butter-cup her cloth of gold.
To watch her coming from afar;
More lingering lags the morning star.
From all of mankind's mix'd abodes,
Go meet her on the winding roads.
And some would press her to their breast,
And some would claim her as their guest.
Of many a love-sick girl and boy;
Doth fill the languid air with joy.
She is the soul of every spot;
And splendour to the peasant's cot.
And purely glad life's every stage ;
And hide the hollow lines of age.
By immemorial ties of love ;
Dropp'd from the angels' hands above.
For thee it opes, for thee it glows;
THE TRIAL BY BATTLE.
A TALE OF CHIVALRY. *
| amused themselves with the tricks of the
jugglers and mountebanks, passing from deEASTER-EVEN, in the year of our Lord 1099, votion to mirth, and from mirth to devotion; was held as a high festival in the fine city of but towards evening every one took his way to Barcelona : it was the coronation-day of the the palace, for the count was to watch his arms young Count Raymond Berenger the Third, that evening in the church of St. Saviour. whose twelvemonth's mourning for his lamented The whole road to the palace, two miles from father and sovereign was to close with his own the city, was illuminated by torches, which solemn inauguration. The count had accord- were kindled before the close of the day, the ingly, by his letters patent, convoked to his good moment the vesper-bell was rung. This broad city of Barcelona the bishops, barons, knights, avenue of light defined the route to the church and also the ambassadors from foreign courts, of St. Saviour, and as soon as this was effected, to witness him take his knighthood, and receive the heralds appeared with the banners of the from the altar, and place upon his head, the Count of Barcelona, and marshalled the people garland of golden roses which formed the on each side, that the cortége might have room coronet of the Counts of Arragon.
to pass, unobstructed by the pressure of the At the appointed day, not only the prelates, crowd. At the last stroke of the vesper-bell, barons, and chivalry of Spain repaired to the the gates of the palace opened, amidst the joyful festival, but a great many foreign lords and shouts of the multitude, who had been awaiting princes: the Judge and the Archbishop of that event since the hour of noon. Albera, from Sardinia ; the King of Arragon, The first who appeared in the procession from Saragossa ; and the King of Castile, from were the noble knights of Catalonia, on horseMadrid. The Moorish sovereigns of Tlemecen back, wearing the swords of their forefathers ; and Granada, not being able to come in person, valiant blades, gapped by hard service in battle had sent rich presents to the count, with con or tournament, bearing names like those of gratulatory epistles by the hands of their ambas- | Charlemagne, Roland, and Réné. sadors. Indeed, so great was the concourse to Behind them came their squires, bearing the Barcelona on this day, that thirty thousand arms and naked swords of their masters, which, stirrups belonging to gentlemen of condition unlike the ancestral brands the knights had were counted in the city and its environs. displayed, were bright and unstained; but
This concourse was too great for the count they knew that in the hands of their owners to receive at his own palace of Aljaferia, they would soon lose their virgin brightness which stood a short distance from Barcelona: , and lustre in the turmoil of battle. he was therefore compelled to limit the number Next appeared the sword of the lord count, of his guests to kings, prelates, princes, ambas- made in the form of a cross, to recal continually sadors, and their suites; and there were present to his mind that he was the soldier of God bein Barcelona at that time four thousand persons fore he became an earthly prince. Neither who claimed his hospitality as their right. emperor, king, nor count had ever before worn
Throughout the day an immense crowd tra a sword better tempered, or more richly emversed the streets, visited the churches, or bossed with jewels on the handle. It was in the
hands of Don Juan Ximenes de la Roca, one of
the bravest knights in the world, who held it till * This tale of chivalry is a free translation from
the time should arrive when it would pass into one entitled Pracède, by Alexandre Dumas, and presents a complete description of the ancient trial, or
those of its master. He was supported on each appeal by battle, as formerly practised in the middle side by the Baron Gulielmo di Cervallo and ages. The champion was supposed to depend upon Sir Otto de Monçada. God for making the cause he had undertaken good,
After the sword of the lord count came his provided the party he represented were clear of the crime of which he or she was accused. This law
equerries, in two chariots, bearing lighted remained on the statute book of Great Britain un torches, and charged with ten quintals of wax, repealed until a few years since, when it was finally to be offered as a gift to the church of St. Saabolished. To those who love ancient customs,
viour, because the count had vowed a taper to this translation from an eminent living author, deeply versed in such lore, may not prove either
the altar, to expiate the fault his filial duty had unacceptable or uninteresting.--JANE STRICKLAND. ' obliged him to commit, since, detained in his own country by the long illness of his father, the palace and the sacred edifice. The hour of he had not departed for the Crusade. This midnight, indeed, struck the moment the count wax taper had gone in solemn procession alighted at the porch, where he was met by through the city, to prove the penitence of the the Archbishop of Barcelona and all the clergy. count, who felt grief as a knight, and remorse The lord count, followed by all the nobles as a Christian.
who were to receive their arms, entered the After the chariots came the lord count him- | church, and watched them together, according self, mounted on a steed magnificently capari to old custom on such occasions, reciting soned. He was a beautiful youth between prayers and singing psalms in honour of their eighteen and nineteen, wearing long ringlets Saviour. They passed the night very happily on his shoulders, waving on either side, but in these devotional services, and attended restrained from concealing his open brow by a matins, which service was performed by the fillet of gold. He wore his close-fitting coat of archbishops, bishops, priors, and abbots. war, for during the watch he would have to When the day broke, the church was opened assume his armour; but this vestment was to the congregation of the faithful, who filled covered with a large mantle of cloth of gold, it in such a fashion, that it was wonderful how which fell even to his stirrups. Behind him fol so many men and women could be so closely lowed his arms, carried by two nobles, consist crowded together without injury to themselves ing of a helmet, with the visor closed ; a coat of or their neighbours. The archbishop then mail of polished steel, inlaid with gold; a | made himself ready to say mass, and the lord buckler, on which was engraved the garland of count put on a surplice, as if he intended to roses, the well-known sign of sovereignty of assist him; but over the surplice he wore a the Counts of Barcelona. The nobleman who richer dalmatica than emperor or king had bore these arms was accompanied by Roger, ever appeared in, clasped at the throat with a Count de Pallars, and Alphonse Ferdinando, diamond star, set round with pearls of inesLord of Ixer, both with their swords drawn, to timable value. Then he assumed the manipule defend, if necessary, the royal armour.
or girdle, which was also very splendid ; and After the armour of the lord count came, in every time he was invested with a new pairs, the nobles upon whom he was to confer garment, the archbishop repeated a prayer. the honour of knighthood. They were twelve This ceremony being finished, the archbishop in number; and these, in their turn, were said mass ; but when the epistle was ended he each to arm ten knights as soon as they had paused -- when the two godfathers of the received the order; and these hundred and count, Don Juan Ximenes de la Roca and Don twenty came also in pairs, their fine horses Alphonso Ferdinando, Lord of Ixer, approached magnificently caparisoned, and covered with the count, and one affixed the spur to his right cloth of gold.
heel, the other to his left—the solemn notes Last of all, four abreast, came, first, the pre of the organ accompanying this part of the lates; then the kings and the ambassadors from ceremonial. Then the count, approaching foreign courts, who represented the persons of the altar, knelt before the shrine, and retheir sovereigns; then the dukes, counts, and peated to himself a whispered prayer, while knights; each degree separated by the musi the archbishop, standing by his side, prayed cians, who rent the air with their trumpets, aloud. timbrels, and flutes. The last rank in the When this prayer was ended, the count took pageant was followed by the jongleurs, or jug- the sword from the altar, kissed meekly the glers, in the costume of savages, running on cross that formed its handle, girded it to his foot, or mounted on little horses without bridle loins, and then, drawing it from its seabbard, or saddle, on whose backs they exhibited a brandished the knightly weapon three times. variety of tricks.
At the first flourish he defied all the enemies of Thus, by the aid of the flambeaux, which the holy Catholic faith; at the second, he vowed changed night into day, and darkness into to succour all widows, orphans, and minors ; light, and with the mighty sound of drums, and at the third, he promised to render justice tymbals, trumpets, and other musical instru all his life to high and low, rich and poor, to ments, aided by the shouts of the jongleurs, and his own subjects, and to foreigners who might the proclamations of the heralds, who called require redress at his hands. At this last oath, out “ Barcelona! Barcelona !" the count was a deep sonorous voice replied “Amen." Everyconducted to the church, having been seen by body turned round to see the person from whom every one, on account of the slow progress of this response proceeded: it came, however, the procession, and the length of way between from a Provençal jongleur, who had crowded
into the church, notwithstanding the opposition made by those who did not consider him fit to be in such good company; but the count, having heard the quality of his respondent, would not allow him to be turned out, declaring, " that it would ill become him at such a moment to refuse the prayer of any one, be he lord or vassal, rich or poor, provided it came from a pure and contrite heart." The jongleur, in virtue of this declaration on the part of the lord count, was permitted to keep his place.
The lord count then, returning his sword to the scabbard, offered his person and his blade, by a solemn act of dedication, to God, praying him to take him into his holy keeping, and to give him the victory over all his enemies. The archbishop, after the lord count had uttered this prayer, anointed him with the holy chrisme on the right shoulder and arm; then he took the crown of golden roses from the altar and set it on his head, the godfathers of the lord count supporting the diadem on each side. At the same instant, the archbishops, bishops, abbots, kings, princes, and the two godfathers of the lord count, chaunted in chorus, with loud voices, Te Deum laudamus, during which the lord count took the golden sceptre in his left, and the globe in his right hand, and held them while the Te Deum was chaunted and the gospel read. He then replaced them on the altar, and seated himself in his chair of state, before which twelve nobles led up twelve knights, whom they armed one after the other; these, in their turn, retired to one of the twelve chapels belonging to the church, and armed, in like manner, ten knights.
The coronation being concluded, the lord count, with his crown on his head, bearing the golden sceptre and globe in his hands, and wearing the dalmatica, star, and belt, came out of the church, and mounted his horse ; but as he could not guide his steed, encumbered as he was with these insignia of his high power and dignity, two pairs of reins were attached to the bridle, that on the left being held by his godfathers; the others, which were of white silk, and forty feet in length, were held by the barons, the knights, and the most eminent citizens of Catalonia ; and after these came six deputies from Valencia, six from Saragossa, and four from Tortosa ; those who held the reins to the right or left marched on foot, to denote their subjection to the count their lord paramount, who in this stately manner, and with this magnificent cortége, towards noon returned to his palace of Aljaferia, amidst loud hurrahs and flourishes of
trumpets. As soon as he alighted, he entered the dining-room, where a high throne had been prepared for him between two golden stools, on which he deposited the sceptre, the globe, and the crown. Then his two godfathers seated themselves near their sovereign, and the kings of Arragon and Castile, the archbishops of Saragossa and Arboise, placed themselves by their side. At another table the bishops, dukes, and all the new-made knights, took their places ; after them, the barons, envoys of the provinces, and the most eminent citizens of Barcelona, all marshalled according to their degree, were seated in due order, the whole assembly being waited upon by the junior nobility and knights.
The lord count himself was served by twelve nobles. His major domo, the Baron Gulielmo di Cervallo, brought in the first dish, singing a roundel; he was followed by twelve noblemen, each carrying a dish, and joining in full chorus. As soon as the roundel was concluded, he placed the dish before the lord count, and cut a portion, with which he served him; then he divested himself of his mantle and vest of cloth of gold, trimmed with ermine and ornamented with pearls, and gave them to a jongleur. As soon as he had arrayed himself in vestments of the same rich material, the major domo brought, in like manner, and followed by the same nobles, the first dish of the second course, singing a roundel, as before, and concluding the ceremony by the gift of his magnificent costume. He conducted, after this fashion, ten courses, with songs, and concluded with the usual rich largess, to the great admiration and astonishment of the whole assembly.
The lord count sat three hours at table, after which he rose, took up the globe and sceptre, and, entering the next chamber, placed himself on a chair raised on a platform, with steps. The two kings were seated on each side the throne, and round them, on the steps, all the barons, knights, and eminent citizens. Then a jongleur approached, and sang a new sirvente, which he had composed for this august occasion, entitled “The Crown, the Sceptre, and the Globe" .
“ The crown being quite round, and this circle having neither beginning nor end, signifies the great power of God, which he has placed, not on the middle of the body, nor yet on the feet, but on your head, as the symbol of intelligence; and because he has placed it on your head, you ought always to remember this omnipotent God; may you, with this earthly and perishable crown, win the celestial crown of glory in the eternal kingdom.
“ The sceptre signifies justice, which you ought to maintain and extend to all ranks; and as this sceptre is a long rod with a curve, fit to strike and chastise, thus justice should, in like manner, punish, that the wicked may leave off their bad ways, and the good may become better and better.
The globe signifies, that as you hold the globe in your hand you also hold your country and your power; and since God has confided them to you, it is necessary that you should govern with truth, justice, and clemency, that none of your subjects may sustain injury from yourself or any other person."
The lord count appeared to hear this sirvente with pleasure, like a prince who laid the good counsel it contained to heart, and intended to put it in practice. The sirvente was followed by a song in twelve parts, and the song by a poem in three cantos; and when all was said and done, the lord count, who was much fatigued, took up the globe and sceptre, and went into his chamber to get a few minutes' sleep, of which, indeed, he was much in need. His attendants had scarcely unclasped his mantle of state, before he was informed that a jongleur must speak with him, having affairs of interest to communicate, which would not bear delay. The lord count ordered him to be admitted.
The jongleur advanced two steps, and bent his knee to the ground.
“Speak !” said the count.
“ May it please your lordship to order that you should be in private with your servant ?”
Raymond Berenger made a sign to his people that he wished to be alone with the jongleur. I
Who are you?” asked he, as soon as the door was shut.
“I am," said the jongleur, " the person who answered 'Amen,' in the church of St. Saviour, when your lordship vowed, sword in hand, to render justice to the high and low, the rich and poor, to foreigners as well as your own subjects."
* In whose name do you ask justice ?”
“In the name of the Empress Praxida of Germany, unjustly accused of adultery by Guthram de Falkemberg and Walter de Than, and condemned by her husband, the Emperor Henry the Fourth, to die, unless a champion, within a twelvemonth and a day, successfully defend her innocence against her accusers.”
“ Why has she chosen such a singular messenger for this important mission ?"
" Because none but the poor jongleur dared expose himself to the anger of a powerful prince, and the vengeance of two renowned
knights like Guthram de Falkemberg and Walter de Than; and certainly I should not have ventured to do so myself, if my young mistress, Douce, Marchioness of Provence, who has such fine eyes and such a touching voice that no one can refuse what she asks, had not required it of me. I went, therefore, by her command, in search of a knight sufficiently brave to defend, and sufficiently powerful to dare to vindicate, the fame of an injured and innocent lady. I have traversed, in obedience to my mistress, France and Italy in vain, and even Spain, the very holy land of chivalry, and found no one disposed to championise the Empress of Germany. On the way to Barcelona I heard you named as a generous and courageous gentleman. I entered the church at the moment you vowed, sword in hand, to defend the oppressed against the oppressor ; and it appeared to me that the hand of God had led me there. I raised my voice, and cried • Amen, so be it !'”
“So let it be, then," chivalrously replied the count; “ for the honour of my name, and the increase of my renown, in the name of the Lord, I will hold myself ready to undertake this enterprise."
“ Thanks, my lord, for this grace; but, saving your good pleasure, you have no time to lose, for ten months have already elapsed, and you will have little left for your journey to Cologne."
“Well; these festivals will be ended by Thursday night; on Friday we shall offer up our public thanks to God; and on Saturday we will put ourselves en route for Cologne."
“Let it be so, according to your lordship’s pleasure," replied the jongleur, making his farewell devoir to the Count of Barcelona. Before he could withdraw from his presence, the count detached from his neck a magnificent gold chain of great value, and threw it round that of the jongleur ; for the lord count was as generous as he was brave, and the union of these qualities acquired for him the surname of Great, an appellation which the judgment of posterity has confirmed to the sovereign of Barcelona. He was pious, too; for these festival-days were designed to do honour to Easter, the day of the resurrection of the Redeemer ; and the gracious rain that, after a long period of drought, descended on Catalonia, Arragon, and the kingdoms of Valencia and Murcia, the evening on which these religious fêtes concluded, gave to his people the presage of a long and happy reign, of which, indeed, Barcelona still preserves the memory.