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made out on parchment, and embellished with office, four ships of war were sent out to Tanan ornamental figure of Britannia, and in this gier, to demand compensation for the plunder guise was distinguished by the appellation of and detention of the British ship; the Algerinc “ The Mediterranean Pass.”

port was blockaded; but, soon after the comAs years rolled on, the Moorish treaty con- mencement of the blockade, a severe epidemic tinued in force, and by degrees its provisions broke out at Gibraltar, and the ships were became matters of custom ; so that the “ Me- withdrawn, to procure supplies for the rock diterranean pass” remained one of the ordinary fortress, and there the matter ended. Some time papers all ships provided themselves with afterwards, the owner and captain of the Perwhen about to enter the great inland sea. severance had an interview with Sir G. MurThe Moorish cruizers were allowed from time ray, then secretary for foreign affairs; but the to time to board such vessels, and ask for a interview only led to an expression of regret sight of their pass; but they had no right to that nothing further could be done. institute any other kind of examination into Something, however, was done, in one sense, their papers; neither was it in any way lawful the sympathising reader will be glad to know. for them to demand a pass of vessels bound In consequence of the generous Englishman's only to the outer Atlantic ports.

letter to Trieste, the poor Austrian captive was Upon the shadowy pretext of this almost demanded and restored to his friends, and soon obsolete treaty, three centuries and a half old, after an Austrian squadron presented itself at Algerine piracy has managed to drag on a Rabat, and bombarded the nest of the piratical precarious existence even to the present day. horde. The three principal Moorish ships that From time to time, ships have been fitted out, were in the anchoring-ground at the time of in the remote port of Salee, by lawless adven- the bombardment were entirely destroyed. turers, whose policy it has been to interest the In the Morning Advertiser of February 2, Moorish authorities in their occupation, by 1830, the following paragraph appeared :yielding to them the lion's share of the booty, “On the 27th of October last, a bottle was after each successful expedition, taking in re- picked up at Bottle Creek, Grand Caicos, latiturn only the name of servants of the emperor. titude 21° 20', N., longitude 71° 20', W., which Whenever cruizers of this nature fell in with was found to contain the following note :"the armed vessels of civilized nations, they August 1, 1828.-Should this be picked up by were invariably found under Moorish colours, any one, I beg they will make known, as soon as engaged in the harmless and peaceful work of

possible, that the English brig, Perseverance, is taken asking for a sight of the Mediterranean pass ;

by a brig of 10 guns and 150 men, apparently

Turks, and carried into Salee. Taken off Cape but when, on the other hand, they chanced to

Finisterre on the 26th of July, 1828. I have my pounce upon prey of inferior strength, false wife on board.—Brig Perseverance, W. S., Master. colours appeared, as in the rencontre with the It will be at once perceived that this was Perseverance, and, under the pretext of some the document spoken of in the first part of the informality in the papers submitted to their narrative, as being thrown overboard from the inspection, they carried off their victims to bows in a cask, the night after the purpose of Salee, and retained them there in secrecy, until the Moors to take their captives to Salee was they had ascertained whether any inconvenient discovered. The cask was launched into the inquiries after them were likely to be made. Atlantic, near the latitude of Cape St. Vincent. If all seemed to promise well, after a sufficient It must have thence been carried southwards, to time the vessels and cargoes were appropriated, the neighbourhood of the Canary Islands (for and the crew carried up into the country, and such is the well-known direction of the ocean's there detained, upon the chance of extracting drift); there it must have become involved in ransom for them at some future time. Every the northern edge of the great equatorial now and then it has chanced that the bucca- current of the Atlantic, which the earth's roneers have caught Tartars, and have paid tation causes to set into the Gulf of Mexico, heavily for their temerity. They have, upon between San Domingo and the main land of such occasions, been quiet for a time; but South America. The Grand Caicos bank, after an interval of repose, they have again

where the bottle was stranded, after a voyage appeared in the open seas, when least ex- of nearly fifteen months, is just north of San pected, and recommenced their predacious Domingo. It is worthy of remark, that Humwork. In the affair with the Perseverance, boldt has given an estimate that the equatorial they were very near meeting the chastisement current of the Atlantic would drift a floating they merited. In consequence of the repre- body from the Canary Isles to the Caracas in sentations of Mr. Douglas to the Foreign- thirteen months.

R. J. M.




It is the privilege, or rather the office, of the painter, to deal with the common incidents of life as if they were not of ordinary occurrence; or it may, perhaps, with more propriety, be said, that he is allowed to invest them with so much of poetical imagination as, while retaining their natural features, to give them a character and beauty not invariably their own—to wrap them in sunshine or in shadow as his fancy pleases. And, when left to follow the current of his own free thoughts, unfettered by commissions for given subjects, which he neither feels nor cares to feel, except as they may effect his interests or his reputation; the works of every artist are a tolerably sure index of his own mind, the reflex of his thoughts upon what has been presented to his observation, either personally, or through the medium of indirect channels, such as come to him by reading, for instance. And hence, they who have studied the pictures of the great masters of art, whatever their age or country, and have also become acquainted with the individual character of the painters, cannot fail to come to the same conclusion. Raffaelle could never have sketched the gaunt and miserable beings that Spagnoletto delighted to picture ; nor could Guido have associated with the ferocious bands whom Salvator Rosa is said to have made his companions; simply because the artist would, in such cases, have had no sympathy of feeling with their models, living or only imaginary : the art which results only from the eye and the hand, and that expresses not the love of the painter for what he represents, as one delights in that which is agreeable, will be, perhaps, a piece of clever mechanism, but nothing more.

Now we know only by reputation the artist who painted the picture of “ The Sicilian Mother,". but we will venture to assert he would never have selected such a subject if he had not thoroughly felt it, and had some sympathy with the joyous pride of the young matron in her children. There is no doubt some such scene may have attracted his attention in the country to which he has assigned it; but he has thrown around it the charm of his own fancy, and tinged it with the poetry of life.

We have sometimes heard the question debated whether the father or the mother

possesses the deeper affection for a child ; yet the argument has never, to our knowledge, been satisfactorily settled. In Mrs. Hemans's

Siege of Valencia,” she puts forth the claims

of the latter very strongly; the quotation is rather long, but the language of her reasoning is so beautiful in its simplicity, and so natural in its fervour, that no apology need be made for repeating it. Elmina has been vainly attempting to induce her husband, Gonzalez, the governor of the city, to save the lives of her young boys, who have fallen into the hands of the enemy, by surrendering up the place: he continues determined in his refusal, and her entreaties give way to reproach :

-" There is none In all this cold and hollow world, no fount Of deep, strong, deathless love, save that within A mother's breast. It is but pride, wherewith To his fair son, the father's eye doth turn, Watching his growth. Ay, on the boy he looks, The bright, glad creature springing in his path ; But as the heir of his great name, the young And stately tree, whose rising strength ere long Shall bear his trophies well. And this is love! This is man's love! What marvel ? you ne'er made Your breast the pillow of his infancy, While to the fulness of your heart's glad heavings, His fair cheek rose and fell ; and his bright hair Waved softly to your breath! You ne'er kept watch Beside him till the last pale star had set, And morn, all dazzling as in triumph, broke On your dim, weary eye ; not yours the face, Which early faded through fond care for him, Hung o'er his sleep, and, duly as heaven's light, Was there to greet his wakening! You ne'er

smoothed His couch, ne'er sung him to his rosy rest, Caught his last whisper, when his voice from yours Had learned soft utterance; press'd your lip to his, When fever parch'd it; hushed his wayward cries With patient, vigilant, never-wearied love ! No! these are woman's tasks ! In these her youth And bloom of cheek, and buoyancy of heart, Steal from her all unmark'd !”

The women of Sicily are, in general, remarkably handsome, very fascinating in their manners, but, unfortunately, scarcely less lax in their morals than the females of the other Italian states. The island has been so frequently colonized by both its European and African conquerors, Greeks, Carthaginians, and Saracens, Normans and Spaniards, that it sometimes is not difficult to trace the origin of certain classes of its inhabitants ; but the Greek and Punic features and character seem to prevail most in the higher grades of society. Their fondness for music, the dance, and the song, their high degree of civilization, the beauty of the country, and its genial atmosphere, all contribute to render a temporary or even lengthened sojourn in the island most agreeable to the traveller, who may easily reach it from Reggio, at the extreme southern part of Italy.



VOL. I. X. S.




accumulating knowledge became better known Matthew Whitelock, reclining in what he to him, he felt almost inclined to apologize called his “easy chair," was musing, rather when it was necessary he should take out than thinking, over the inconsistencies of the parcels; but what especially charmed him was most consistent, and pondering as to which the boy's unconsciousness of his own book imwas the more beautiful to contemplate-the provement and superiority. Had it not been love å mother bears her child, or the devotion

for the unaccountable fear Matthew Whitelock a child renders to a parent; thinking how entertained of his housekeeper - which he many

instances there are of the former, only overcame by fits and starts-he would and how, comparatively, few of the latter ; have forbidden Richard the kitchen, and hoping that the widow would really buy the seated him at his own little table in the dusty wine and meat, as he desired ; and having, back room ; but he knew that such a movelike all genuine Englishmen, great faith in ment must lead to open rebellion. He * creature comforts," he converted the worn, at- had grown positively uncomfortable at the tenuated widow into a portly woman. Having idea of Richard's brushing his shoes, and cleanarranged this, he indulged in a vision he had ing knives—"a lad capable of writing the of late enjoyed so frequently, that it had be

Latin names of his books without a dictionary, come almost a reality-that Richard would and was a better penman than he was himself." turn out something like Whittington: his However difficult it may be of belief, considerdreams of the future had gradually taken

ing his " calling," it is a positive fact that Richard in, first as a shadow, then as a sub

Matthew Whitelock reverenced literary acstance, until he formed a portion of all his day quirements; and when a clever book did not dreams-wondering if he could tie up fishing

" sell," Matthew would take the part of the flies, yet fearing to ask him, lest Martha might

author against " the trade” — a proceeding make it another subject of complaint; varying

which caused him to be considered “a fool." these fancies with probabilities as to whether by many who are wise in their own conceits. he should have good fishing the first of the

These and such like thoughts were passing following June, when he made his annual through Matthew's mind, in a half-dreamy way; journey to Teddington, and, be the day hot now lingering, now rushing onward, and then or cold, invariably returned with a swollen off, while Peter lay at his feet; and he began face, wonderfully helping Martha's sarcasms to long, as he often did, for Richard's return; during the following summer and autumn for he enjoyed a chat with his messenger, as months; indeed, she constituted it a red letter he used to enjoy a newspaper. Without his day-everything occurred "before" or after perceiving it, Matty entered, and shutting the “master went bothering after the bits of fish, door, as she always did when she had anything that the cat would'nt eat without butter, and particular to say, placed her back against it, got the bad face.” Then again his thoughts

wreathed her bony arms together, and passing would dwell upon Richard, whom he believed one foot over the instep of the other, stood on

- and with fair show of reason — endowed one leg, “ shouldering" the door-case. with a rare capacity for acquiring knowledge, Its my opinion, sir, that you make too and turning it to the best account. He never much fuss entirely with that boy, and that he's thought of another power he had—that of at- forgetting his place." taching to him those who seldom formed attach

“Is it-how?" ments. Some observation made by the lad, in "Well, thoughts is thoughts, and its hard a careless, off-hand manner, would frequently

to put them into words ; but here they are ! set his master calculating what he could

He'd rayther any time stay fiddling after one do for him. He delighted in lending him

bit of dust or another, or stitching ould tatabooks, and to draw forth his opinions upon ration books, that's going to the bad since the them; devising many clever expedients to year one, or mending your pen-as if you had overcome Richard's shyness, and make him not cyesight (the Lord presarve it) to do it “ speak out.” As the lad's accumulated and yourself-than sît and rest his young bones at

his supper; and as to rubbing over the knives, * Continued from

he does them in no time, without a bit of a stop

page 184,

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