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nications were received from Commodore Napier, at Alexandria, informing us that his convention with Mehemet Ali had been ratified by the allied powers, and that the war was therefore at an end.
During the period of Ibrahim Pasha's ty. rannical sway in Syria, he had kidnapped and transmitted to Egypt some of the most influential Druse and Maronite sheikhs and emirsthe hereditary chieftains and princes of Mount Lebanon--and these unfortunate men, after enduring every indignity, were sent by Mehemet Ali to work at his gold mines in Sennaar: a remote province in the far interior of Africa, situated under the torrid zone, near the supposed sources of the Bahr-e-Abiad, or White Nile.
But who-may the uninitiated reader, perhaps, ask-were these "sheikhs" and " emirs" --who and what were the “Druses” and “Maronites," of which mention is here made ?
A detailed account of the Maronites and the Druses may be found in a work I published on Syria, some years ago; but a few words of explanation on the immediate subject in question may not be deemed here quite out of place.
Amongst the various tribes constituting the motley population of Mount Lebanon, the Maronites and the Druses take the lead.
The Maronites are Catholic Christians, acknowledging, under certain restrictions, the sway of Rome. Their origin is said to have been derived from a hermit of the name of Marounius, who, in the sixth century (a period when religious controversy was already carried to a great extent between Rome and the Lower Empire), lived on the banks of the Orontes, and who, by the penances and mortifications which he underwent, gained many followers, with whom he strenuously supported the interests of Rome against the encroachments of the Greek church. The latter proved, however, too powerful, and obliged Marounius and his disciples to take refuge in those mountains, which, under their own princes, or “emirs,” the Maronites occupy to the present day; subject, however, and paying yearly tribute to the Porte ; which circumstance was the ostensible pretext of the invasion of their rocky fastnesses by Ibrahim Pasha and his troops.
The Maronites occupy all the highest ridges of the Lebanon, from the vicinity of Tripoli to the neighbourhood of Beyrout; the province of the Keshrouan being the head-quarters of the tribe.
The Druses, though less numerous than the
Maronites, are a powerful and far more warlike race. They chiefly inhabit the southern range of hills, extending from Beyrout to Sidon, along the Syrian coast. Although idolators, whose origin, belief, and religious ceremonies continue to be enveloped in a veil of the profoundest mystery, they outwardly adhere to many Mahometan rites and customs. Their chiefs are denominated “sheikhs," a title frequently also assumed by the descendants of the Prophet.
One of the most influential of these sheikhs, Hamoud-abou-Neked, was amongst the number of the mountain chiefs, who, as already related, had been treacherously captured by Ibrahim Pasha, and banished into the far interior of Central Africa.
Now, it was one of the stipulations of the Commodore forming part of his convention with Mehemet Ali — that all those captive sheikhs and emirs should be immediately liberated ; and as he took especial interest in the welfare of the former gallant allies of his glorious mountain campaign, he obtained for me the appointment of seeing this portion of the treaty duly carried into effect.
I accordingly left the late scene of war, embarked near Gaza in one of her Majesty's steamers, and repaired without delay to Alexandria, where, being furnished with the requisite credentials, I proceeded immediately on my mission in search of the captive chiefs.
In those days, the giant hand of steam exerted not its influence on the turbid waters of the mighty Nile; and, not being favoured by a northerly breeze, the kunjah, or riverboat, in which I had embarked, was slowly and laboriously tracked by its crew of Arab fellahs against the stream. It appeared to me that difficulties were purposely thrown in my way; and, on arriving at Cairo, I heard that orders had been previously sent for the release of the mountain chiefs, who were already said to have reached Abou Hamed, in their progress towards Cairo, where, it was added, they would consequently very shortly arrive.
The reports I received, were however so contradictory, that I was somewhat puzzled what to believe, and how to act. If I proceeded further up the Nile, I might possibly miss the party I was in search of: it struck me, from the conduct of the Egyptian authorities at Cairo, and from the opposition I encountered, that they had received instructions to bafile me, if possible, in my design. Whereupon, sending trusty scouts, both by the river and the desert, I impatiently waited at Cairo for further intelligence of my intended charge.
Meanwhile, I occupied myself in visiting
the many wonders of this celebrated place wonders which have been by abler pens so often and so well described, that their recapitulation might probably be considered as superfluous. Whilst thus employed, I had an opportunity of becoming acquainted with the man to whose military genius, Ibrahim Pasha was said to be indebted for all his conquests and victories over the Turks. I allude to the French general: Sève, more commonly known as Solyman Pasha, formerly a colonel in Napoleon's army, and who, like many others, had, at the termination of the continental war, sought and made his fortune in the East; and, in the service of Mehemet Ali, had attained the highest military rank, with a degree of reputation which has extended far and wide.
Whilst Ibrahim Pasha, on the termination of the war, had embarked part of his troops at Gaza, Solyman Pasha, with the left column, the baggage, the women, and followers of the Egyptian army, traversed the Arabian desert ; | and, after enduring great privations and hardships, conducted his force to Cairo, by the circuitous route of Akabah and of Suez.
This movement he effected during the period of my residence at Cairo, and I rode out into the desert, to witness the return of this portion of the Egyptian army-having already beheld part of it at Gaza.
Solyman's camp was pitched some distance to the eastward of the city: on the day of my visit, a large body of cavalry had just arrived, amongst which was a fine regiment of lancers; and as I admired the steadiness of these veteran warriors, weather-beaten by the effects of a long winter campaign-bronzed by the heat of the desert sand-still suffering from thirst, and all the hardships and privations of a long and weary march, I could not avoid comparisons between them and the Ottoman troops--comparisons which proved far | from favourable to the latter-or speculating on the chances the Turks would have had of experiencing a defeat, had a general engagement taken place, before the Commodore's convention proclaimed the war to be at an end.
Solyman Pasha received me with the cordial frankness of a soldier : ere many days had passed, I was an honoured guest at his princely abode, in the suburbs of old Cairo, and fêted with all that hospitality for which he was so renowned. Although outwardly professing the Mahometan faith, the old veteran still liked his glass of good wine: and many a bottle of "Chateau-Margaux" and "Lafitte" did we broach together, whilst comparing notes on the events of the last campaign.
The hardships endured by the Egyptian army, during their winter retreat from Damascus, he compared with those experienced by the French when retiring from Moscow, in their fatal Russian campaign; whilst the subsequent sufferings of his own column, encumbered as he was with women, children, and camp-followers, during the march across the desert-from the excessive heat and want of water-he described as being most intense ; “ces chiens de Bedouins," as he termed them, constantly hovering on his flanks, and, notwithstanding the peace which had been proclaimed, indiscriminately plundering and murdering every straggler from his ranks ; and small mercy did they, if captured, experience in return: being invariably put to death upon the spot.
"My blood be upon thy head, oh, Pasha!” was the dying speech of a Bedouin sheikh, who had fallen into Solyman's unrelenting grasp. “ Allah, oh, Sheikh ! shall be the judge between us !” was the Pasha's reply, as the Arab's head, on the given signal, rolled on the desert sand.
And, now, after all these sufferings-after unheard and untold-of scenes of hardships, of wretchedness, of bloody deeds and death-did the veteran warrior fully enjoy the endearments of domestic bliss.
He had, I well remember, two fine young children, of whom he appeared to be most fond. Their mother was a Greek, whom he had rescued from the brutality of his soldiers, at the sack, by the Egyptians, of some town in the Morea, during the war of independence in Greece. Her story was most romantic; but the particulars I cannot now recal, further than his beautiful captive, by her charms and amiability, soon acquired unbounded influence over her master, and became the sultana of his hareem, according to the Mahometan forms of the Marriage Act.
Solyman's children and myself at last becamo great friends; but their mother I never had an opportunity to behold, though particularly anxious so to do; for the old warrior--at least in this respect—was steadfast to the injunotions of his adopted creed !
Most pleasantly did a residence of some duration at Cairo rapidly pass away, till the arrival of the emirs and sheikhs, of whom I had been sent in quest; but my stay was doomed to be still further prolonged, for the "authorities” would not suffer the exiles to depart, until the viceroy had been made acquainted with their arrival, and another order had been received for their transmission to Alexandria, thence to embark with me for Beyrout.
The number of these mountain chieftains, land, huddled up like so many convicted felons, who had thus-through the untiring exertions in the damp and denuded cells of the ruined of Commodore Napier-been released from a old caravanserai, which had been so inhospitstate of slavery and suffering, amounted to ably appropriated for their temporary abode. eleven, besides forty-one attendants; but se On leaving them, I went immediately to the veral had already perished during their cap Governor of Cairo, represented the state of tivity in the burning region of Kordofan.. misery and destitution in which I had found Amongst others who had succumbed to the the emirs, and requested they might be reunited influence of accumulated hardships, and moved to a residence more suitable to their the effects of an ungenial clime, was the Emir rank, supplied with money and with clothes, Yousouf, of El Haded: a scion of the regal and with a sufficiency of wholesome food to family of Shehab, a near relative of the Emir enable them to exist, until the required perBeshir, or Grand Prince of the Mountain, and mission should be obtained for them to depart. whose death I regretted the more, being on The promises made to my request, were, as terms of intimacy with his family, from whom usual with eastern officials, most profuse, but I had experienced great hospitality, and to were never carried into effect, except as rewhom I should now have to communicate this garded the article of food. sad intelligence, after having held out to them In my frequent visits to the unfortunate hopes of shortly escorting back the young emir chiefs--for I made a point of being as much as to his mountain home to the arms of his aged possible with them-I ever received some fresh mother, and of his fond and beautiful sisters, accounts of all that they had endured. I did Zuleika and Cheri Shehab.
my best to cheer and encourage them with the This unforeseen delay in permitting the de prospect of immediate release, and next of a parture of my charges, was, as may be imagined, speedy return with me, to their long-wished-for most severely felt by them, anxious as they mountain homes. My endeavours to sooth and were to return to their native homes, and, comfort them were, however, all in vain; for, moreover, destitute as they found themselves with one single exception, they appeared broken of even the common necessaries of life ; for, on spirited, and completely prostrated both in their arrival at Cairo, they were without any body and in mind. This exception was a noblepecuniary resources-positively in rags-had looking old Druse chieftain: the Sheikh Abou been all promiscuously thrust into a sort of Neked, of Dhair-el-Khamar, or Palace of the deserted caravanserai, and, when I first visited Moon. This sturdy old fellow, with his long, them in this dreary abode, were most scantily white beard, piercing black eye, and hawk'sprovided with even the coarsest food.
bill nose, was a fine specimen of the ancient On entering their prison-for the wretched and noble race from whence he had derived his den in which I found them could only be con source. Although apparently verging on sesidered as such-it was affecting to behold the venty years of age, his spirit appeared as abject and squalid misery to which a state of unbroken as was his tall, sinewy, and manly suffering and destitution had reduced these frame; still full of strength and vigour, soldiergallant mountain chiefs, who, a few months like and erect. Nothing daunted or depressed previously, might have been considered the by what he had undergone, and what he still “ flower of chivalry" of their native hills. underwent, the old sheikh philosophically
With tears of gratitude streaming from many | smoked his caleoon, and, although in tatters an eye, they crowded around, and, in the like the rest, looked and showed himself, flowery language of the East, hailed me as under all his misfortunes, worthy of his rank their deliverer-as the messenger of safety
and of his name. sent by their saviour, the “Commodore el I have said that with this single exception, Kibeer." +
the whole party of whom I was about to take The sufferings which, whilst in captivity, charge, appeared to be all equally depressed. they had endured, were described as having There was, however, another individual in the been horrible in the extreme; nor did their group, whose appearance, though strongly appearance belie the statement of what they contrasting with that of the warlike and had gone through: pale, wan and emaciated, venerable-looking Shiekh, appeared equally to and--as I have before said-in rags, it was set at nought all the cares and sorrows of this pitiable to behold these princes of their native world.
This was a little negro boy, who had been cap*« Kibeer," in the Arabic language, signifies
tured at one of the periodical “slave hunts," in
the remotest parts of the Kordofan, purchased by
the Emir Hyder of Solymah, on his late release from captivity, in the golden mines of Sennaar, and who, although so recently dragged away from his country, his kindred, and his home, smiled unconcernedly at his fate, and with the buoyant and thoughtless spirit of childhood, appeared to set at nought that state of exile in a far distant land, and the perpetual state of slavery, to which he now appeared inevitably doomed. But as I shall have hereafter much to say about this young “ Ethiopian Slave,” I now return to the more immediate occurrences of my present narrative. The long wished-for order from Mehemet Ali for our departure, at last arrived, though not without the active intercession of the Commodore, to whom I was obliged to write; I found myself at Alexandria, with my party of mountain chiefs, and then flattering myself all further delays and difficulties must be at an end, I addressed a letter-of which the following is a translation -to the Grand Prince of Mount Lebanon, the Emir Beshir Cassim.
which difficulties were at last set aside through the intervention of Commodore Napier, who was, fortunately, still at Alexandria, and to whom I was at last obliged to apply on the subject. The Commodore has finally obtained an order from the Pasha, that the chiefs should be supplied with money, and everything suitable to their rank, and that an Egyptian steamer, or man of war, is to be placed at my disposal, in which I may convey them back to Beyrout; when I hope shortly to be enabled to have the honour of presenting, in person, to your Highness, all these illustrious personages who have been committed to my charge, and of whom I beg to enclose a list; but I am grieved to be obliged to report the death of the youthful Emir Yousouf Solyman Shehab, of El Haded, who fell a victim to fever and to the heat of the climate to which he was exposed.
Commodore Napier leaves this to-day for Marmorice, and requests me to express to your Highness every sentiment of respect on his part.
This communication concluded with the usual high-flown compliments of the east, and with the following list of the Emirs and Sheikhs of Mount Lebanon, who had survived their captivity in Sennaar, and whom I subsequently took back to their mountain homes :
Emir Faour of Abaye, Emir Faris of the Wad-éSharoor, Emir Mahmoud of the Wad-6-Sharoor all of the Shehab family.
Emir Hyder of Solymah, in the district of Metten; Emir Ali of Brumanah, in the district of Metten-of the Kyad Bey family.
Emir Abdallah of Falouyah-of the Mourad family.
Emir Ali of Beskintah-of the Faris family. Sheikh Nickoula Kasim of Kesrouan, and the Druse Sheikh : Hamoud-Abou-Neked of Dhair-elKhamar, his son--and Sheikh Abbas Neked.
Alexandria, 28th February, 1841. PRINCE --I have the honour to inform your Highness, that according to instructions from Commodore Napier, I came to Egypt at the termination of the war, for the purpose of taking back to their own country some of your Highness's subjects: the Emirs and Shiekhs of Mount Lebanon, who had been sent by the viceroy of Egypt as captives to Sennaar.
I met these high-born chiefs at Cairo, in a state of great destitution ; difficulties and delays were thrown in the way of my departure with them,
VERGISZ MEIN NICHT.
From the German. BY JOHN FRANCIS WALLER, LL.D.
FORGET me not!
Now may not name;
To whom my love proclaim.
Forget me not!
Forget me not!
Young hands shall wind
Around thy brows to bind;
Forget me not!
Forget me not!
New passions move,
To other ears thy love,
Forget me not!
Forget me not !
That I should live,
And through long years survive.
Forget me not!
Forget me not!
Should Death's chill hand
And waste its half-run sands;
Forget me not!
Forget me not !
The dark way trod,
Where shines the light of God.
Forget me not!
HOW ANNIE ORME WAS SETTLED IN LIFE, AND WHAT WE DID TO HELP IT Ox.
BY HER AUNT, MISS RACHEL SINCLAIR, MANTUA-MAKER, LASSWADE.
(Communicated by the Author of "Margaret Maitland,” &c. &c.) CHAPTER VI.
| minute, and yet when a step passed the door We sat together in this manner for, I think, which I had fancied in the distance was hers, about half an hour, waiting till Annie should I was glad; for even though I could not but come in ; Lexie with her hands clasped round condemn her as much as Lexie, I could not her knees, gripping them tight, and looking bear that she should have the burden of all into the fire, without once moving; while I Lexie's bitter words. Poor thing! poor foolish, was looking at her, and crying quietly to my misguided thing! to think there could ever be self, and aye giving the other look behind me any happiness proceeding out of the like of at the door, and listening to every sound with thisa wooing begun hidelins, with, may-be, out, thinking it might be the footstep of that deceit, as well as stealth-that I should speak misguided bairn. I wearied sore for her every so of Annie Orme! and clean against the
known opinions and special wishes of her * Concluded from page 139.
nearest friends. But I was not angry; I was