Bee Products - Chemical and Biological Properties
This book presents an updated discussion of the chemical composition and biological properties of the main bee products. Specific attention is focused on the beneficial biological activities of bee products in human health. Honey, royal jelly, propolis, bee pollen and bee venom are used as nutriment and in traditional medicine. Their composition is rather variable and depends on the floral source and external factors, such as seasonal, environmental conditions and processing. Bee products are rich in several essential nutrients and non essential nutrients, as sugars, minerals, proteins, free amino acids, vitamins, enzymes and polyphenols, that seem to be closely related to their biological functions. The effects of these products in nutrition, aging and age-related diseases, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and pathogen infections are discussed.
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Honey Bee Venom
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activity of propolis Agric Food Chem Almeida-Muradian amino acids anti-inflammatory antibacterial activity antioxidant antioxidant activity antioxidant capacity apamin Apis mellifera apoptosis bacteria Bankova bee pollen bee venom biological Bogdanov botanical origin Brassica Brazil Brazilian green propolis Brazilian propolis caffeic acid cancer cells Chem chemical composition chromatography components concentrations cytokines De-Melo dose effect of propolis enzymes ethanol ethanolic extracts evaluated fatty acids flavonoids floral g/kg geographical origin glucose honey samples honeybee honeydew honey identified induced inflammatory inhibited isolated kaempferol levels lipid marker melittin method mg/g mg/kg mice mineral monofloral bee pollen monofloral honeys monofloral samples MRJP1 nectar OH OH oxidative peptides Persano Oddo phenolic compounds plant pollen grains pollen type properties propolis propolis extracts propolis samples propolis volatiles protein quercetin rats royal jelly royal jelly protein sensory analysis species sugar Szczesna tion unifloral honeys vitamin vitro wound healing