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bite, or annoy in any way. The buds of the saxifraga oppositifolia, and of the dwarf-willow, were observed to be opening out, and some of the sorrel to be in flower; a plant with a lilac-coloured flower, having a very sweet smell (supposed to be a draba), was also observed to be pushing out its blossoms about this time, but none of these plants were so forward as the saxifrage. Among the sea birds observed in the Arctic regions, the following are enumerated in a poetical address to the feathered tribe, inserted in the North Georgia Gazette: awks, dovekies, looms, mallemukes, tern, kittiwakes, ice-gulls, and the glaucous gull, king of the Hyperborean main, and little inferior in size to an eagle. Miesto - June 14.-The first reindeer seen from the ships this day. In
Pellentes An interesting anecdote of the docility of the reindeer is given by Captain Parry, as witnessed on his visit to Melville Island. Captain Sabine and myself' (he observes) being considerably ahead of the rest of the party, had sat down to wait for them, when a fine rein-deer came trotting up, and played round us for a quarter of an hour within thirty yards. On hearing our people talk on the opposite side of the ravine, the deer immediately crossed over, and went directly up to them, with very little caution: on one or two shots being fired at him without effect, he again crossed over to the spot in which we were, and approached nearer than before. As soon as we rose up and walked on, he accompanied us like a dog, sometimes trotting before us, and then returning within 40 or 50 yards. When we halted at 6 A.M. to make the usual observations, he remained by us till the rest of the party came up, and then trotted off. The rein-deer is by no means a graceful animal; its high shoulders, and an awkward stoop in its head, giving it rather a deformed appearance. Our new acquaintance had no horns; he was of a
brownish colour with a black saddle, a broad black rim round the eyes, and very white about the tail. We observed that, whenever he was about to set off, he made a sort of playful gambol by rearing on his hind legs. -(Journal, p. 184.)...e
Their rein-deer form their riches. These their tents,
Obsequious at their call, the docile tribe
With a blue crust of ice unbounded, glazed.. THOMSON. That enterprising naturalist Mr. BULLOCK (the sale and dispersion of whose admirable Museum must. ever be considered a national misfortune) lately paid. a visit to Norway, in the interior of which he found several herds of rein-deer. They had been brought from their native Lapland, experimentally, by government, with a view of domesticating them, and rendering their extraordinary powers available to purposes of general service and economy. How far this has succeeded we know not, but it naturally occurred to our distinguished compatriot, that what was a desideratum in Norway could not be less than curious, ornamental, and most probably useful, in England. With his well-known zeal, he soon procured a herd of twenty, and brought them down from the inland hills and lakes to the coast for embarkation. They were followed all the way by a troop of wolves, against which it was difficult to protect the deer. At length, however, they reached the sea-shore in safety, and for security they were transported to an island surrounded by salt water. Unfortunately the precaution led to the worst of results-in three days every one of these fine creatures bad perished. This mortality was occasioned by their eating a poisonous plant, with which the island abounded, and which the people about it told, when too late, was so fatal as to have destroyed all the cattle put upon it, so that none had been suffered to feed there for many years.
Thrown again on his resources, and unwilling to abandon a favourite design, our indefatigable countryman determined on ariother trial. He once more went into the interior and bought another herd, twelve in number. With these he was more fortunate, and not only succeeded in embarking them in safety, but in bringing them alive and well to the Thames. The extraordinary sagacity displayed by the deer in travelling is worthy of notice. They were completely under the command of a leader or captain, who not only headed their march, but seemed upon every difficulty to issue his orders, which were promptly and implicitly obeyed. This was most remarkable when they came to the boat for embarkation. A new situation required a stronger exercise of instinct, approaching to reason, and of courage than had previously been called forth. The conductor of the herd, a Norwegian, got into the boat, and invited the captain of the deer to follow him. Generally obedient to his wishes, the noble animal approached, and put his foot from the pier into the vessel. It was the first unsteady ground he had ever trod, and he recoiled in alarm. Fresh invitations, and fresh investigations of the boat ensued; the whole herd looking on and watching these, to them, as well as to the human spectators, interesting proceedings. At last the cap. tain felt assured; he entered the boat, and he trod upon and examined every plank. When fully satisfied he uttered a kind of snort, and in three minutes the hitherto-passive herd had bounded into and filled the boat. Nor was this all the wonderful display of animal intelligence ;-the vessel was overloaded, and, as he had intimated other things, he also intimated this to his followers: no sooner was this done, than the individual deer he appeared to address leaped into another boat.
On arriving in the Thames (Sept. 1821), in conse
quence of some delay at the Custom-house, eight of the twelve deer fell victims to the confinement on ship-board ; three full-grown animals and a fawn were landed, but the latter is since dead. One of the deer which has been saved is the captain before spoken of, and the largest of the animals, being about ten hands high and proportionably stout. The others are a hand or two lower. Their fur is astonishingly thick, very fine, and delicately soft and warm. The horns branch in a singular and beautiful manner, and are entirely covered with a short fur. Those of the female form almost a perfect coronet, above a foot in height, and her head is of the most elegant shape.. The captain's antlers are three feet in length; on one side branching from a single root, on the other having two branches bending forwards over the nose, issuing from the head with the main branch. Their hoofs are very broad, and flexible between the divisions. This enables them to clamber up precipices and hang on rocks inaccessible to all other animals. Their speed is prodigious. They seem to be reconciled to hay, as food; like brandy, which is administered as a medicine; and there is nothing, at present, to cause a doubt of the practicability of naturalizing them in England. A Laplander, his wife and child, were imported along with the deer'.
. We now conclude our extracts from Capt. Parry's interesting book, which we have made with a view rather to stimulate, than gratify curiosity; trusting that many of our readers will recur to the volume itself for additional gratification. As this indefatigable man has before this (Sept. 1821) probably made still further discoveries in the Arctic regions, which may add much to the science and the fame of his country, we sincerely offer up our aspirations for the
Literary Gazette, Sept. 15, 1821, p. 591.
entire success of his adventurous undertaking; at the same time convinced, that, whatever may be the ultimate result of Captain Parry's discoveries, there can be but onc opinion as to his zeal and abilities.is
APRIL APRIL is derived from Aprilis, of aperio, I open; because the earth, in this month, begins to open her bosom for the production of vegetables.
In APRIL 1822. 1...-ALL OF AULD FOOLS' DAY. On this day every body strives to make as many fools as he can': the wit chiefly consists in sending persons on what are called sleeveless errands, for the history of Eve's mother, for pigeon's milk, stirrup oil, and similar ridiculous absurdities. Fools, in the modern or dramatic sense, were known in the church, and called also the Vice. Shakspeare makes Richard the Third say,
Thus, like the formal Vice, Iniquity,
I moralize two meanings in one word. Act 3, sc. 1. The Fool, Vice, or Iniquity, was a character in the antient Mysteries. There is a Fool introduced among the persons at the Crucifixion, in the great window at the east end of King's College Chapel, át Cambridge. Thus, perhaps, All Fools' Day was set up by the common people, or by scoffers, in opposition to, or ridicule of, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day, which happen on the 1st and 2d of November in the opposite season of the year: -For some further observations on this day, see our last volume, pp. 90-92.
to, or ich happre season day, se