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sorrow. This Browney is still invoked in Cornwall on the swarming of the bees, by the constant repetition of his name; and the reiteration (observes a recent historian of Cornwall) continues, until they gently circling on a bough descend.' But it is probable, that those who invoke Browney know in general very little of the import of their charm. They generally suppose Browney to be the common name of bees, because the term coincides with their colour; and, on a kind of instinctive presumption, that English bees have some knowledge of the English language, they are supposed to pitch in compliance with the request of the person who thus addresses them by name. In the same county, it is considered that, if bees be removed on any day but Good Friday, it will insure their death.
Towards the latter end of the month black beetles may be seen flying about in the evening; and bats issue from their places of concealment. Roach and dace float near the surface of the water, and sport about in pursuit of insects. Daffodils are in flower; peas appear above ground; the sea-kale (crambe maritima), a vegetable somewhat similar to, but more delicate than, asparagus, now begins to sprout. (See our last volume for an account of the Cæsarian kale.) The male blossoms of the yew-tree expand and discharge their farina. Sparrows are busily employed in forming their nests. Young lambs are yeaned this month; and young otters are produced, which, as they grow up, prove as destructive in a pond, as a polecat in a hen-house. See T. T. for 1821, pp. 87, 88.
In March the farmer dresses and rolls his meadows spreads ant hills; plants quicksets, osiers, &c.; sows flax seed, artificial grasses, beans and peas, broom and whin seeds, and grass seeds among wheat. About the 23d, he ploughs for and sows oats, and hemp and flax. A dry season is very important to the farmer, that he may get the seed early into the ground.
Phenomena and Natural History of the Arctic
Regions. . : !1 2:...
[Concluded from p. 59.1 • The vapour arising from the men's breath and the steam of their victuals during meals, which had been frozen to the ships' sides, and had remained in a solid state, beginning to thaw on the approach of the mild weather, this coating of ice was scraped off, and the quantity removed filled more than one hundred buckets, although it had not accumulated for a longer space of time than four weeks.
Captain Parry, who left no experiment untried that promised relief or refreshment to his officers and crew, in the month of May, laid out a small garden, planting it with radishes, onions, mustard and cress; but notwithstanding every care and attention that could be paid to it, the radishes did not exceed an inch in length by the latter end of July, the other seeds being altogether thrown away. Some common ship's peas, however, which had been sown by, some of the men for their amusement, throve so well, that a large quantity of the leaves might have been raised, which, when boiled and eaten as greens, would, doubtless, have proved a great treat to persons who had been deprived of every fresh vegetable substance for more than ten months. Not even a single crop of mustard and cress could be raised in the open air; but in Captain Parry's, cabin these two vegetables were produced without any difficulty, and in considerable abundance. ... .. .
! A 'smart shower of rain, a most agreeable novelty to persons so long unaccustomed to view water in a fluid state, fell on the 24th of May; and rain being a powerful agent in dissolving the ice, this was hailed by every one as a most propitious event. The rain which fell in the course of the evening made several little pools upon the ice, which now remained
unfrozen for twelve or fourteen hours in the day, as did also the sea-water around the ships. Notwithstanding these favourable prognostics, when the sea was viewed from the N.E. bill in Melville Island, it still presented the same unbroken and continuous surface of solid and impenetrable ice-not less than from six to seven feet in thickness.
So Zembla's rocks, the beauteous work of frost,
As Atlas fixed, each hoary pile appears,
In the month of June 1820, Captain Parry, accompanied by some of his officers, and attended by a portion of his crew, travelled across Melville Island to the northern shore, and returned by another route to the ships. Of this interesting expedition we cannot even attempt an outline, having space only for some account of the natural history and botany of the island, referring the reader for further information to the Journal itself, pp. 181-205.
On those parts of the land which were clear of snow, thedwarf-willow,sorrel andpoppy(papaver nudicaule), saxifrage (saxifraga oppositifolia), and moss, were in tolerable abundance. The following birds were seen: a pair of ducks, supposed to be the king-duck (anas spectabilis); ptarmigans or grouse; plovers (charadrius pluvialis); brent geese (anas bernicle); a pair of bank swallows (hirundo riparia); a raven and an ivory gull; golden plovers; one or two boatswains. (lestris parasiticus), and abundance of snow-buntings, flying about the tents all day like sparrows, and, by their constant and cheerful note, reminding the observers of a better country. Captain Parry and his party occasionally discovered the tracks of a solitary rein-deer upon the snow, but even these seemed now (June 6) to have deserted a place so
totally devoid of vegetation, that, for miles together, there was scarcely a tuft of moss or a single poppy on which they could have fed. The tracks of foxes and mice were also occasionally seen.
The remaining observations of Captain Parry we have put into the form of a Diary; and, as a companion to the · Lapland Calendar,' given in a preceding volume, we shall designate this
The ARCTIC CALENDAR. June 8.-Some sandy ground passed over, so full of the burrows of hares, as to resemble a warren. Some moss and a few short tufts of grass seen; the dwarf-willow coming out in flower. Some sorrel began to make its appearance.
June 9.--The plumage of the cock-grouse was still quite white, except near the tip of the tail, where the feathers were of a fine glossy black; but in every hen that was killed a very perceptible alteration was apparent, even from day to day, and their plumage had now nearly assumed that speckled colour, which, from its resemblance to that of the ground, is admirably adapted to preserve them from being seen at the season of incubation.
*** June 12.A ranunculus in full flower in a sheltered situation. The root and three feet of the trunk of a small pine-tree, and part of the skeleton of a musk ox, frozen into the ground, were seen on a lagoon in the neighbourhood of the sea. The soil here became very rich, and abounded with the finest moss, together with a great deal of grass, saxifrage, and poppy; and there were evident proofs that this place was much resprted to by deer, musk-oxen, and harés.
June 13.-A musk-ox was seen feeding on a spot of luxuriant pasture ground, and, when fired at, set off at a quick pace over the hills. The skin of one which was subsequently killed has been stuffed, and deposited in the British Museum. This extraordinary animal somewhat resembles the Bonassus, lately
exhibited in London. The musk-ox furnished 421 pounds of beef, which was seryed to the crews as usual, in lieu of their salt provisions, and was very much relished, notwithstanding its very strong musky flavour. The meat was remarkably fat, and, as it hung up in quarters, looked as fine as any beef in an English market. The total quantity of game obtained for the use of the expedition during its stay upon the shores of Melville Island, being a period of nearly twelve months, was as follows; 3 muskoxen, 24 deer, 68 hares, 53 geese, 59 ducks, and 144 ptarmigans, or grouse ;-affording 3,766 pounds of meat.
One or two mice were caught, turning brown about the belly and head, and the back of a dark grey colour. In every part of the island, the holes and tracks of these little animals were occasionally seen: one of them being pursued, finding no hole near, and escape impossible, set himself against a stone, as if in defence; and bit the man's finger when he took him."
From the observations made on board the ships in Winter Harbour, during Captain Parry's absence, We select the following facts illustrative of the natural history of the Arctic regions.
June 2.-The first red phalarope (p. platyrinchos) and also the first flock of buntings appeared.
June 3. - A flock of twelve king-ducks, together with a single raven, an arctic gull, and some golden'
June 5.-Flocks of ducks and geese seen almost daily, for six weeks from this time. : June 9.-The first seal was seen lying upon the zce, near the mouth of the harbour, and having a nole close to him as usual: like the bear in autumn,
o more than one of these animals was ever observed i. at the same time. About this time, several mosquitoes (Culex pipiens) were caught; but, as in Hudson's Bay and other cold countries, they never attempted to