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28.–SAINT SIMON AND SAINT JUDE, Apostles.
Simon is called the Canaanite, from the Hebrew word Cana, to be zealous; hence his name of Simon, Zelotes, or the Zealot, Luke vi, 15. After enduring various troubles and afflictions, he, with great cheerfulness, suffered death on the cross.
Jude is called both by the name of Thaddæus and Libbæus; Matt. x, 3, and Mark iii, 18. Jude, the brother of James : Jude, verse 1. And Judas, not Iscariot: John xiv, 22. He was of our Lord's kindred; ' Is not his mother called Mary, and his brethren James and Joses, and Simon and Judas ? Matt. xii, 55. After great success in his apostolic ministry, he was, at last, for a free and open reproof of the superstitious rites of the Magi, cruelly put to death. He has left one epistle of universal concern to Christians. .
*_1820.-H. FRANCISCO DIED, ÆT. 134! At Whitehall, near New York, in the United States. He was a native of England, and emigrated about 80 or 90 years since: he officiated as a drummer at the coronation of Queen Anne.
* Astronomical Occurrences
In OCTOBER 1822.
SOLAR PHENOMENA. The Sun enters Scorpio at 49 m. after 7 in the evening of the 22d of this month; and he rises and sets, on certain days, during the same period, as in the following
TABLE of the Sun's Rising and Setting for every fifth Day. October 18t, Sun rises at 12 m. after 6. Sets 48 m. past 5
6th, • • • • 22 - · 6 · · 38 . . 5
. 10 . . . . 50.
Equation of Time. When apparent time is known, either from a dial, or by any other means, subtract the numbers in the following table, and the remainders will be the mean time at the same instant. TABLE.
m. 8. ??: Tuesday Oct. 1st, from the time by the dial subt. 10 12 Sunday : 6th, : ...
- - • - - - - - 11 44 Friday: ... 11th, ...
• • . 13 6 - Wednesday - 16th, · · · · · · · - 14 16 Monday - - 21st,
15 u Saturday · · 26th, · ·
• 15 51 Thursday •' . 31st, ..
Phases of the Moon.
First Quarter 23d, - - 48 . 5. - - - - - .. 4 Full Moon, 30th, • • 41 . .. 9 - - - -
Moon's Passage over the Meridian. Such of our readers as wish to observe the passage of the Moon over the first meridian in this month, may do it at the following times, if the weather be favourable : viz. ! October 7th, at 46 m. after 5 in the morning
8th, - 45 - - - 6 - - -
9th, - 40. . - 7. - - - -
24th, • 29 -
27th, - 48 - - . 9 - - -
- PHENOMENA PLANETARUM.
.. . Phases of Venus. This beautiful planet will appear like a full Moon
during the whole of this month, at the commencement of which the proportion of her phases will be, to SIlluminated part = 11.29557
Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. The following twelve eclipses of these small bodies will be visible this month : viz.
ist Satellite, 7th day, at 56 m. after 3 in the morning
15th - . 18 . after midnight
-: 8 in the evening
. - 4 in the morning
10- • -
6- - • • .
Form of Saturn's Ring. .: The following are the proportionate diameters of this. singular phenomenon at the beginning of this month: viz." October 1st. | Transverse axis = 1.000
Po l Conjugate axis =-0.373
: Other Phenomena. The Moon will be in conjunction with B in Taurus at 36 m. after 11 at night of the 5th of this month ; with a in Leo at 49 m. after 8 in the evening of the 10th; and with in Scorpio at 52 m. past 8 in the evening of the 18th; Mercury will attain his greatest elongation on the 13th, and will be stationary on the 24th ; Saturn will also be in opposition at 30 m. past 3 in the afternoon of the 30th.
The Naturalist's Diary
For OCTOBER 1822.
All nature join in social jubilee. BARRY CORNWALL. As the spring and summer seasons have their distinguishing excellencies, so it is, in an especial manner, with respect to AUTUMN. The reviving freshness of the Spring is long past, and the Summer is declining; Autumn succeeds, and its rich blessings may be considered as pleasing to the sight and gratifying to the palate. The general state of the weather, indeed, towards the close of Autumn has a tendency to revive the natural spirits of those whose constitutions have been debilitated by the preceding heats. The air becomes more temperate, and the mornings, as the poet has described them, are fresh and invigorating ;—the evenings, too, like those in September, are frequently serene and pleasant. Sometimes, indeed, in wet and changeful seasons like that of the present year (1821), October is the finest month of the whole twelve; and, while we are now writing, we have a striking example of this fact, in the bright autumnal days which have so peculiarly distinguished this season. The groves now lose their leafy honours; but before they are entirely tarnished, an adventitious beauty, arising from that gradual decay which loosens the withering leaf, gilds the autumnal landscape with a temporary splendour, superior to the verdure of spring or the luxuriance of summer. •
An AUTUMNAL SKETCH.
OCTOBER conies, to deck the fading year,
The dew-drop on his brow congeals,
His golden locks the wood-bļast steals;
The gelid drops o'ercharged their closing bells;
Their drooping heads the frost-star gems;
The whirlwind shakes their pensile stems: Their transient bloom they shortly must resign, And with their relics mark the year's decline
The purple-vested Morn her hour delays,
And lingering seems with doubtful mien to rise;
With early beam, the vesper-star
Flames on Twilight's misty car;
And veil the woodlands in their dun disguise;
The orphan beauties of the year
In melancholy train appear;
Shall crush these fragments of the shattered year;
The echoing blast his herald blows,
His meteor torch blue-tinctured glows;
The moaning gale, the shadowy sky,