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B. BARTON

OCTOBER.

THIS month was called Domitianus in the time of Domitian; but after his death, by the decree of the Senate, it took the name of October, every one hating the name and memory of so detestable a tyrant.

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Look In OCTOBER 1822.

1.-SAINT REMIGIUS. REMIGIUS was born at Landen, where he so closely pursued his studies, that he was supposed to lead a monastic life. After the death of Bennadius, he was,' on account of his exemplary piety and extraor. dinary learning, chosen bishop of Rheims. Having held his bishopric 74 years, he died at: 96 years of age, A.D. 535. ; *4. 1821.-JOHN RENNIE DIED, ÆT. 64.

His death is a national calamity. His loss cannot be adequately supplied by any living artist, for, though we have many able engineers, we know of none who so eminently possess solidity of judgment with profound knowledge, and the happy tact of applying to every situation, where he was called upon to exert his faculties, the precise form of remedy that was wanting to the existing evil. Whether it was to stem the torrent and violence of the most boisterous sea-to make new harbours, or to render those safe which were before dangerous or inaccessible--to redeem districts of fruitful land from encroachment by the ocean, or to deliver them from the pestilence of stagnant marsh-to level hills, or to tie them together by aqueducts or arches, or by embankment to raise the valley between them—to make bridges that for beauty surpass all others, and for strength seem destined to endure to the latest posterity, Mr. Rennie had no rival. Every part of the United Kingdom possesses monuments to his glory, and they are as stupendous as they are useful. They will present to our children's children objects of admiration for their grandeur, and of gratitude to the author for their, utility. He cultivated his art with the most enthusiastic ardour, and, instead of being merely a theorist, he prepared bimself for

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practical efficiency by visiting, and minutely inspecting, every work of magnitude in every country that resembled those which he might be called on to construct; and his library abounds in the richest collection of scientific writings.

The loss of such a man is irreparable. Cut off in the full vigour of his mind, his death seems to suspend, for a time, the march of national improve-ment, until the just fame of his merit shall animate our rísing artists to imitate his great example, and to prepare themselves by study and observation to overcome, as he did, the most formidable impedi-er ments to the progress of human enterprise, of industry, and of increased facility in all the arts of life. The integrity of Mr. Rennie in the fulfilment of his labours was equal to his genius in the contrivance of 1 his plans and machinery. He would suffer none of . the modern subterfuges for real strength to be resorted to by the contractors employed to execute, what he had undertaken. Every thing he did was for futurity, as well as present advantage; witness 3 those splendid monuments of his talents, the Breakwater, at Plymouth; and the WATERLOO BRIDGE. An engineer is not like an architect. He has no commission on the amount of his expenditure; if he . had, Mr. Rennie would have been one of the most: opulent men in England, for many millions have been expended under his eye. But his glory was in the justice of his proceeding, and his enjoyment in the success of his labours. It was only as a millwright that he engaged himself to execute the work he planned; and, in this department, society is indebted to him for economising the power of water, so as to give an increase of energy, by its specific gravity, to the natural fall of streams, and to make his mills equal to four-fold the produce of those which, before his time, depended solely on the impetus of the current. His mills of the greatest size work as smoothly as clock-work, and, by the alternate con- .

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He had the good fortune, at the age of twenty-four, to be employ, ed with Messrs. Boulton and Watt in the construction of the extensive works called the Albion Mills; and the genius which he displayed upon this occasion soon recommended him to the notice of men of science.

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