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most settled month in the year. The mornings and evenings are cool, but possess a delightful freshness, while the middle of the day is pleasantly warm and open; occasionally, boasting
Soft evenings, which are as serene
And clouds gold-feathered,—as the summer ones. A morning's walk' at this season is replete with gratification to the admirer of Nature's beauties. What a magnificent phenomenon is every day exhibited in the rising of the Sun! yet how common is the observation, that indolence and the love of sleep prevent a great part of mankind from contemplating this beauteous wonder of the creation! Not so GRAY, whose account of a sun-rise from the sea near Southampton, is a cabinet picture, which, like that seen by the poet in his plano-convex mirror among the lakes of Cumberland, if we could fix it in all its living colours, would sell for a thousand pounds. “I set out,' says Gray, one morning before five o'clock, the Moon shining through a dark and misty autumnal air, and got to the sea-coast time enough to be at the Sun's levee. I saw the clouds and dark vapours open gradually to right and left, rolling over one another in great smoky wreaths, and the tide (as it flowed gently in upon the sands) first whitening, then slightly tinged with gold and blue; and all at once a little line of insufferable brightness, that (before I can write these five words) was grown to half an orb, and now to a whole one, too glorious to be distinctly seen'.'
The swallow now takes its departure for warmer regions. As swallows (says Cicero) are present with us in summer, but are gone in winter; so false friends attend us in the sunshine of prosperity, but in the winter of affliction they all flee away. .. .,
among its livinget ochten
* See also the Naturalist's Diary for July, pp. 210-211.
To the SWALLOW.
Thy restless sail, for vaster voyage bound,
Last blown of spring, and first decaying found-
As wayward fancy's mood hath sometimes done,
Spurns fallen friends, and follows fortune's sun;
Thou chartered libertine from winter's chain,
Warming thy little pulse to love again,
Lays on Land. Many of the small-billed birds that feed on insects disappear when the cold weather commences.
The throstle, the red-wing, and the fieldfare, which migrated in March, now return; and the ring-ouzel arrives from the Welsh and Scottish Alps to winter in more sheltered situations.
There are in blow, in this month, nasturtia, china aster, marigolds, sweet peas, mignionette, golden rod, stocks, tangier pea, holy-oak, Michaelmas daisy in fine weather quite clustered with bees; saffron (crocus sativus), and ivy (hedera helix). The following also may be added as flowering in September: The flowering rush, (britomus umbellatus ), much esteemed by British botanists as being the only plant, a native of this island, which belongs to the class Enneandria of Linnæus ; smallage (apium graveolens), the root of which in its wild state, when growing near water, is fetid, acrid, and noxious; but when cultivated it loses these properties, and the root and lower part of the leafstalks and stem, blanched by covering them up with earth, are eaten raw, and become the esteemed and well-known celery, a valuable antiscorbutic. This singular property is very common in the vegetable kingdom, and is a most powerful and pleasing illustration of the beneficial effects of in
dustry, and of the plastic properties of vegetables, which from acrid poisons are converted into salutary esculents. To these may be added the great burnet saxifrage (pimpinella - magna), the root of which is acrid and burning like pepper, and has occasionally been used as a remedy for the tooth acho; and what is more important for the ladies to know, its powers as a cosmetic are inferior to none, freckles being quickly removed by it. --Those elegantly twiņing and ornamental plants the convolvuli, or bind-weeds, adorn almost every hedge with their milk-white blossoms; which, contrasted with the shining scarlet berries of the solanum dulcamara, seen in profusion at the same time, give a pretty appearance to the hedges ; while over the ground beneath are scattered the yellow flowers of the toad fjax (antirrhinum-linaria), with scilla autumnalis, and the interesting flowers of the epilobium angustifolium, an infusion of wbich has an intoxicating property; the down of the seeds - has also been manufactured into stockings by the natives of Kamtschatka. Det
Among the maritime plants may be named, the marsh glass-wort (salicornia herbacea), and the seastork's bill (erodium maritimum), on sandy shores, and the officinał marshmallow (althea officinalis) in salt marshes. 13.is Sited
] com S Various of the feathered tribe now commence their autumnal music; among these, the thrush, the blackbird, and the woodlark, are conspicuous. The phalana russula and the saffron butterfly (papilio kyale) appear in this month. . . Problems; itd
Stoats and weasels are now very active in the poultry yards. Sometimes they are useful auxiliaries in destroying rats; but unfortunately they frequently attack the poultry. - The weasel is much smaller than the stoat, and may be known by a distinct black spot on each side of the mouth." The colour of both is a light brown, but in severe winters the stoat is often found nearly white.
2. The common house-flies (notwithstanding the Michaelmas notice to quit, given in our last, p. 243) are numerous and troublesome, from their want of activity, as the weather decreases in warmth. A fly very much resembling this (stomoxys calcitrans) is very troublesome to cattle, and also to man, by pricking the legs, which it is enabled to do by its hard sharp-pointed trunk: it is distinguished from the house-fly by this elbow-pointed trunk, when at rest, projecting horizontally from the mouth.
The woolly excrescences are now found on the dogrose (rosa canina), sometimes called spongia rose, bedegua, or bedeguar. They are formed by a small dy (cynips rose), which, piercing the tender bud with its sting, sheds a drop of liquid, together with its eggs. The circulation of the juices of the plant becomes impeded and irritated, and the leaves take the shape of hair-like filaments, curling into a ball; withinside this is the nest of young insects, first maggots, then chrysales, from which escapes the perfect fly, when the fungus becomes dry, and crumbles to pieces. - Some amusement may be derived from watching the dragging of ponds, in the number of singular insects that will be brought under notice. Many of these are the intermediate states of inhabitants of air in their perfection! A remarkable one is the larva of the dragon-fly (libellula), which is about an inch long, of a whitish-brown colour; it has a long body and large head. The unsightly aspect of the insect in this state, contrasted with its subsequent and splendid appearance, is worthy of notice.
Herrings (clupea) pay their annual visit to England in this month, and afford a rich baw-st to the inhabitants of its eastern and western coasts'.
The autumnal equinox happens on the 22d of September, and, at this time, the days and nights are equal all over the earth. About this period, heavy storms of wind and rain are experienced, as well as at the vernal equinox.
In this month, Nature continues to pour out all her autumnal fruitery' from her Amalthæan horn, and to present ungrateful man with a store of the most delicious fruit;_^plums, round, and of blooming hue''golden apples'-glossy nuts—and ISESED
19 1 1 To Wood berries, Tuod 505 503
That blush in scarlet ripeness through the dew. a todos · The vine her curling tendrils shoots,
Hangs out her clusters, glowing to the south,
And scarcely wishes for a warmer sky. The Persian vine-dressers do all in their power to make the vine run up the wall, and curl over on the other side, which they do by tying stones to the extremity of the tendril. . May not this illustrate that beautiful passage used in Genesis xlix, 22? "Joseph is a fruitful bough; even a fruitful bough by a well, whose branches run over the wall. The vine, particularly in Turkey and Greece, is frequently made to entwine on trellises, around a well, where in the heat of the day whole families collect themselves, and sit under the shade.-(Morier.)...
seeing a plate of British-cured herrings at table. Your Royal Highness,' said the noble veteran, does infinite good to the British Navy in encouraging this example of English luxury: every table will follow the fashion; and, if the number of fashionable tables is considered, the result may be, in time, an addition of twenty thousand of the hardiest seamen to our navy-of seamen raised and employed in that branch of fishery which has raised Holland to her maritime force.'-'My Lord,' replied the Prince, you do me more justice than I deserve : these herrings, I am sorry to say, were pot cured by British hands. I understand your reasoning - it is just; it is that of Lord Rodney upon his own element. Henceforward I shall order a plate of British-cured lierrings to be purchased at any expense, and appear a standing dish at this table: we shall call it A RODNEY. Under that designation, what, true patriot will not follow my, example 7-Consult also our last volume, p. 242.