Зображення сторінки

Grammar School ;-and afterwards partake of an elegant dinner. *22. 1761.-KING GEORGE THE THIRD CROWNED.

As we have already given (pp. 194-206) some account of the coronation of his present Majesty,weshall now introduce a few particulars of that in 1761, by way of comparison. On the Sunday before the coronation the fair sex made a most gay and splendid appearance at the several churches and meetings in and about town, adorned with new favours and emblematical ribbons. Several thousands of people took the pleasure of sitting up all night in the public as well as private houses in Westminster, which occasioned the publicans to raise the price of their liquors, &c. to a very considerable amount. Westminster-bridge was lined by people who came to see the procession, though it was hardly possible for one half of those who stood there to discern even the scaffolding.

The Champion's horse was a grey, and the same which his Majesty George II rode at the battle of Dettingen. The great diamond on the top of his Majesty's crown dropped off in Westminster-hall, but was luckily found immediately after dinner in Westminster. The return of the procession was so late, that the spectators could not distinguish the degrees of nobility. It was seven o'clock before the whole entered Westminster-hall. Among the magnificent decorations of Westminster-hall, were 2574 wax lights, which on the Queen's entrance were all lighted up in less than two minutes.

The people in general who built conveniences for spectators greatly outstood their market. Some of the houses, however, cleared from £700 to £1000; and ground for the scaffolds was let, in some sitvations, at three and four guineas a foot.

At the coronation there were present 2030 Foot Guards, who did duty at the platform. There were likewise on duty the 1st, and two troops of Life

Guards, and two troops of Horse Grenadiers, who were appointed to support the foot in case of necessity. Several gentlemen, dressed as Foot Guards, did duty at the platform. The Admiralty was illuminated with upwards of 250 lamps. The Monument was likewise illuminated with 150, by some loyal gentlemen of Billingsgate. Notwithstanding the innumerable crowd of spectators, and the amazing preparations made, only three lives were lost on the occasion, and only three accidents were sent into the Westminster Infirmary.

The hire of a hackney coach from the city, to Westminster was a guinea and a half on the coronation-day. As an instance of the eagerness to see the ceremony, a gentleman was prevailed upon to take a room for his lady at the rate of one hundred and forty guineas. The morning of the coronation-day appearing a little cloudy, the workmen were ordered: to put up the awnings; but when the weather cleared up, they had directions to take it down again, which they did in so awkward a manner, that a jolly tar from the crowd could not help crying out, “Halloo, what are you about there? You reef a sail! Avast, let Us come;' and without further ceremony jumped on, the platform, and did as much in half an hour as would have employed half a dozen common men twice the time. Shillings and sixpences were showered upon him for this service. "A number of sailors having insisted on standing at the platform, nearly occasioned a quarrel : they were driven down, but on his Majesty's passing they could not contain themselves: the boatswain began his call, and they gave three cheers, which much pleased his Majesty.

*22. 1820.-FREDERICK GMELIN DIED, A celebrated engraver, called the German Woollett, born near Basle; he was well known abroad by his beautiful landscapes, and the fine plates that

illustrate the late splendid edition of Annibal Caro's translation of the Æneid, undertaken at the expense of her Grace the Duchess of Devonshire. 26.-OLD HOLY ROOD. See hoLY CROSS, p. 244.

26.–SAINT CYPRIAN. He was an African by birth, of a good family and well educated. He behaved with great courage and resolution in the Decian persecution, and openly invited the people to constancy and perseverance: this conduct so enraged the Pagans, that he soon fell a victim to their fury, and suffered martyrdom under Valerianus and Gallienus, in 258.

29.-SAINT MICHAEL. Saint Michael was an archangel who presided over the Jewish nation, and had an army of angels under his command and conduct; he fought also with the Dragon or Satan, and his angels; and, contending with the Devil, he disputed about the body of Moses. See Rev. xii, 7; Jude 9.

30.-SAINT JEROME. Jerome was born in a town called Stridon, on the confines of Pannonia and Dalmatia. He translated the Old Testament into Latin: this version, now styled the Vulgate, is the only one used or allowed by the Roman church. He died in the 80th year of his age, A.D. 422.

Astronomical Occurrences


SOLAR PHENOMENA. The Sun enters Libra at 12 m. past 3 in the afternoon of the 230 of this month; and he rises and sets during the same period, as in the following


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

TABLE Of the Sun's Rising and Setting for every fifth Day. September 1st, Sun rises at 14 m. after 5. Sets 46 past 6

6th, - - - - 23 - - 5 .. 37 - 6 11th, - - . : 33 - - 5 - - 27 - 6 16th, ' - - - • 43 - - 5 - - 17 - 6 21st, - - - - 53 - - 5 - - 7 - 6 26th, - - - - % - - 6 - - 56 - 5

Equation of Time. -. As the Sun is now before a well regulated clock, or apparent before mean time, to find the latter, we must subtract the numbers in the following Table from the hour as given by the dial.

Sunday, Sept. 1st, from the time by the dial subtract 0 %
Friday 6th,'-'-'-'
Wednesday 11th, ' •
Monday 16th,,- - - - - - - - -
Saturday 21st,


- -
- -

- - - - - - - - 6 50
Thursday 26th, - ...

Phases of the Moon.
Full Moon - 1st day, at 26 m. after 12 noon
Last Quarter 8th -- 22 - - 9 morning
New Moon 15th, - 2 - - 11 . . . !
First Quarter 23d, - - 50 - - 10 - - su
Full Moon, 30th, - - 27 - - 11 night

Moon's Passage over the Meridian. Those who wish to observe the Moon on the first meridian will have opportunities, during this month at the following times, if the weather be clear: viz. September 7th, at 38 m. after 4 in the morning

8th, - 39 - - - 5 - - - - -
9th, - 41° - - - 6 • - - - -
10th, - 42 - - - 7 - - - - -
23d, - 15 • 6 in the evening
24th, - 6 .
25th, · 56 ·

• q ..
26tb, · 45 ·. • 8 . ..
27th, - 32 - .
28th, -,19 ..

• • • •
29th, - 6 .

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

. 10


Phases of Venus.
- Sept. 1st, Illuminated part = 10.57375

* Dark part - - = 1.42625

Eclipses of Jupiter's Satellites. The following are the eclipses of the first and second of these small bodies that will be visible this month :.

1st Satellite, 7th day, at 53 m. past 1 in the morning

14th, • - 47 • . 3 . - - . .
15th, • • 15 - - 10 night' - -
22d, - - 9 ... after midnight :

30th, - - 2 - - 2 morning
2d Satellite, 7th, • 8 • • 1 • • • • •
- 14th, · · 45 · · 3 · · · · ·

Other Phenomena. The Moon will be in conjunction with B in Taurus, at 48 m. after 5 in the evening of the 8th of this month; with Venus, at 53 m. past 9 in the morning of the 13th; and with a in Scorpio, at 14 m. past 1 in the afternoon of the 21st. Georgium Sidus will be stationary on the 12th, and in quadrature at 4 in the morning of the 27th. Venus will be in conjunction with a in Leo, at 37 m. after 11 in the morning of the 15th, when the planet will be 30'{ north of the star. Jupiter will likewise be stationary on the 26th.

The Naturalist's Diary

The bright Sun threw his glory all around,

And then the balmy, mild, autumnal breeze
Swept, with a musical and fitful sound,

Among the fading foliage of the trees;
And, now and then, a playful gust would seize

Some falling leaf, and, like a living thing
Which flits about wherever it may please,

It floated round in many an airy ring,
Till on the dewy grass it lost its transient wing.


SEPTEMBER is, generally, accounted the finest and

« НазадПродовжити »