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dil (fritillaria meleagris); the primrose ; the cowslip (primula veris), the lady-smock fcardamine pratensis), and the hare-bell (hyacinthus non scriptus). The yellow star of Bethlehem (ornithogalum luteum) in woods; the vernal squill (scilla verna) among maritime rocks; and the wood sorrel (oxalis acetosella), are now in full flower. The leaves of the woodsorrel abound with acid, which is extracted, and, when crystallized, forms the salt of lemons, useful for removing stains in linen. This and the woodanemoné (anemone nemorosa), now in flower, have both white blossoms, and inhabit shady woods. The elm (ulmus campestris) is in full leaf.
Lines written beneath an Elm, in the Churchyard of Harrow on the
Hill, September 2, 1807.
Tas Wrapt by the soil that veils the spot I loved,
Mixed with the earth o'er which my footsteps moved ;
Blest by the tongues that charmed my youthful ear, El Mourned by the few my soul acknowledged here; 18 Deplored by those in early days allied, d. And unremembered by the world beside'.
Hill , Young moles are now to be found in their nests; this is a good time, therefore, for destroying them. Weasels and stoats are great enemies to moles, and frequently get into their holes, kill the inhabitants, and take up their own abode there.
The tenants of the air are, in this month, busily employed in forming their temporary habitations, and in rearing and maintaining their offspring. For poetical illustrations, see our former volumes.
About the middle of April, the bittern (ardea stellaris) makes a hollow booming noise, during the night in the breeding season, from its swampy retreats.
Various kinds of insects are now seen sporting in the sun-beams,' and living their little hour.' The jumping spider (aranea scenica) is seen on garden walls; and the webs of other species of spiders are found on the bushes, palings, and outsides of houses. The iulus terrestris appears, and the death-watch (termes pulsatorius) beats early in the month. The wood-ant (formica herculanea) now begins to construct its large conical nest. The shell-snail comes out in troops; the stinging-fly (conops calcitrans) and the red-ant (formica rubra) appear.
The mole-cricket (gryllus gryllotalpa) is the most remarkable of the insect-tribe seen about this time. The blue flesh-fly (musca vomitoria) and the dragonfly (libellula) are frequently observed towards the end of the month. Little maggots, the first state of young ants, are now to be found in their nests. The great variegated libellula (libellula varia of Shaw),
'Lord Byron's 'Hours of Idleness,' p. 148. Paris edit. 1820.
which appears, principally, towards the decline of summer, is an animal of singular beauty. The cabbage butterfly also (papilio brassica) now appears. The black slug (limax ater) abounds at this season. See our last volume, p. 128; and on the best mode of destroying them, p. 129. The newt (lacerta aquatica) lies buried during the winter months in the mud of stagnant waters, but may now be seen crawling along the bottoms of ponds and deep ditches, seeking for its food the minute insects that frequent those stations.
River fish leave their winter retreats, and again become the prey of the angler.
Towards the end of the month, the song of the black-cap (motacilla atricapilla) is heard, affording. great delight to the lovers of rural harmony. He is very destructive in the garden, and is particularly fond of the Antwerp raspberry, and a ripe jargonel pear.-See our last volume, p. 122...
The spring flight of pigeons (columbæ) appears in this month, or early in the next... - Dry weather is still acceptable to the farmer, who is employed in sowing various kinds of grain, and seeds for fodder, as buck-wheat, lucerne, saintfoin, clover, &c. The young corn and springing-grass, however, are materially benefited by occasional showers. The important task of weeding now begins with the farmer, and every thistle cut down, every plant of charlock pulled up, may be said to be not only an advantage to himself, but a national benefit. On weeds, see our last volume, p. 162.' . When the warmth of the season has caused the sap to rise in the oak, so that the bark will run, or strip off easily, this is the time for felling that sort of timber. ...
MAY. MAY is so called from Maia, the mother of Mercury, to whom sacrifices were offered by the Romans on the 1st of this month; or, according to some, from respect to the senators and nobles of Rome, who were named Majores, as the following month was termed Junius, in honour of the youth of Rome.
Remarkable Daysi : :! In MAY 1829.
1.-MAY DAY. .. . . ... Is not this the merry month of May, When love-lads masken in fresh array?
Youth's fólks now flocken in every where, .:: Té gather May-buskets, and smelling breere,
Bat we here sitten as drowned in a dream.' SPENSER. ALL ranks, formerly, went out into the woods a maying early on the 1st of this month; returning laden with boughs and garlands, and spending the remainder of the day in dancing round a May-pole', Crowned with flowers. Of customs like these, yet in full vigour in the age of Elizabeth, Mr. Leslie's interesting picture of May morning in the last exhibition (1821) at Somerset House, conveys a most excellent representation. The hobby-horse, the dragon”, the May-pole, &c. as well as the dresses of a mixed company, are faithfully and ably depicted. This truly English picture is a work of novelty and merit, and we think that a well-executed engraving
"One of these poles was standing in East Smithfield, till about the year 1760, and another opposite the New Church in the Strand 'in Queen Anne's reign: some are still to be seen in different parts of the country. i ."
. . * See T. T. for 1840, pp. 124-128, for a full description of the various personages which composed these May interludes.
from it would be a profitable speculation to the very deserving artist'.
Other sports and pastimes besides those of maying were celebrated by our ancestors on this day. The following curious record of these observances, in the time of Cromwell, we find in the Moderate Intelligencer, 26th April to 30th of May, 1654:2 OTAR
* Hyde Park, May 1. This day there was the hurling of a great ball, by fifty Cornish gentlemen on the one side, and fifty on the other: one party played in red caps and the other in white. There was present his Highness the Lord Protector, many of his privy council, and divers eminent gentlemen, to whose view was presented great agility of body and most neat and exquisite wrestling at every meeting of one with the other, which was ordered with such dexterity, that it was to show more, the strength, vigour, and nimbleness of their bodies, than to endanger their persons. The ball they played with was silver, and designed for the party that won the goal. The same paper goes on to observe: This day was more observed by people's going a maying, than for divers years past, and indeed much sin committed by wicked meetings with fiddlers, drunkenness, ribaldry and the like : great resort came to Hyde Park, many hundred of rich coaches, and gallants in rich attire, but most shameful powdered-hair men, and painted and spotted women; some men played with a silver ball, and some took other recreation. loom
A peculiar rastic ceremony used annually to be observed at Horncastle, in Lincolnshire, about forty years ago, which evidently derived its origin from the floral games of antiquity.; On the morning of May. day, when the young of the neighbourhood assembled
That the good- Queen Elizabeth actually went a maying, we have the authority of the Progiesses of this Queen' (vol. iv, part 1), where the fact is thus stated: “May 8th, 1602. On May-day, the queen went a maying to Sir Rich. Buckley's, at Lewisham, some three or four miles oft Greenwich,' e1.197 WIMBO 4