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I may now avow that I have other aims than I deemed it expedient to mention in the prospectus :—to communicate in an agreeable manner, the greatest possible variety of important and diverting facts, without a single sentence to excite an uneasy sensation, or an embarrassing inquiry; and, by not seeming to teach, to cultivate a high moral feeling, and the best affections of the heart :-to open a storehouse, from whence manhood may derive daily instruction and amusement, and youth and innocence be informed, and retain their innocency.

To these intentions I have accommodated my materials under such difficulties as I hope may never be experienced by any one engaged in such a labour. To what extent less embarrassed and more enlarged faculties could have better executed the task I cannot determine; but I have always kept my main object in view, the promotion of social and benevolent feelings, and I am persuaded this prevailing disposition is obvious throughout. The poetical illustrations, whether “solemn thinkings," or light dispersions, are particularly directed to that end.

I may now be permitted to refer to the copious indexes for the multifarious contents of the volume, and to urge the friends to the undertaking for assistance towards its completion. There is scarcely any one who has not said“Ah! this is something that will do for the Every-Day Book :" I crave to be favoured with that “ something." Others have observed—“I expected something about so and so in the Every-Day Book.It is not possible, however, that I should know every thing; but if each will communicate “something," the work will gratify every one, and my own most sanguine wishes.

And here I beg leave to offer my respectful thanks to several correspondents who have already furnished me with accounts of customs, &c. which appear under different signatures. Were I permitted to disclose their real names, it would be seen that several of these communications are from distinguished characters. As a precaution against imposition, articles of that nature have not been, nor can they be, inserted, without the name and address of the writer being confided to myself. Accounts, so subscribed, will be printed with any initials or mark the writers may please to suggest.

From the publication of the present volume, a correct judgment may be formed of the nature and tendency of the work, which incidentally embraces almost every topic of inquiry or remark connected with the ancient and present state of manners and literature. Scarcely an individual is without a scrap-book, or a portfolio, or a collection of some sort; and whatever a kindhearted reader may deem curious or interesting, and can conveniently spare, I earnestly hope and solicit to be favoured with, addressed to me at Messrs. Hunt and Clarke's, Tavistock-street, who receive communications for the work, and publish it in weekly sheets, and monthly parts, as usual.

W. HONE,

May, 1826.

P.S.- As many of the admirers of Hone's Popular Works have erpressed regret that his original Titles were not included in the present Edition, the Publisher has much pleasure in acceding to their wishes.

1868.

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Ot3 ancestors were persons of leisure. They appropriated each day in the year to the memory of remarkable persons or events. THE EVERY-Day Book will relate the origin of these three hundred and sixty-five celebrations, with interest ing accounts of the individuals and circumstances commemorated.

It will especially describe the National and Domestic Festivities at the Remarkable Seasons, and on the great Holidays that are still kept; particularly those on New Year's day-Twelfth day-St. Agnes' eve—Candlemas day-St. Valentine's dar-Shruvetide — Ash Wednesday - St. David's day-St. Patrick's day — Palm Sunday - Lady day-All Fools' day - Maundy Thursday-Good Friday - Eastertje-Hock day-St. George's day—May cay - Royal Oak day-WhitsuntideSt. Barnabas' day — St. John's eve St. Swithin's day - Lammas-tide — Corpus Christi day - Midsummer-tide - Michaelmas-tide - Allhallow e'en — Gunpowder Plot day-St. Andrew's day-Christmas-tido_Childermas day– New Year's eve,

While recording such observances, it will entertain the reader with descriptions of numerous Popular Merriments and Usages, a few of which may be mentioned 23 instances: namely, Fairs—Wakes — Morris Dancings—Harvest Homes-Shearings — Mayings — Aleings — Wassailings — Mummings - Soulings — Waits – Eton Lottem-Hogmany-Yule, &c. .

Besides a multitude of subjects of this description, the amusing character of the Erers-Day Book will be increased by curious details respecting Flinging the striking - The Wandering Jew–Hand of Glory-Glastonbury thorn-WrestlingKising – Man in the Moon — Robin Hood — The Merry Thought — Tea - The Drama – Highgate oath - Dunmow flitch-Winifred's well — Music — Horn Fair -OW Nick — Joint ring - Robin Goodfellow-Robin Badfellow-Passing bellWedding ring – Death watch— The Grace cup - Archery-Cockfighting – Breaking up-Jack a' Lanthorn - Second sight - Barber's pole – Strewing rushes-Bleeding of the Murdered-Under the Rose- Sitting cross legged—IongevityCoronation stone-Sneezing-Bear baiting-Lady in the straw–Seventh son of a Breath n—True lover's knot-Blindman's buff-Curfew bell-Divining rod Hunt the slipper-Roodloft — Nightmare — Pricking in the belt-Dress-Cursing by bell, book aud candlo-Golf-Black's the white o' my eye-Garnish-Burring out at school-Groaning cake-Chiromancy-Cunning men — - Undertakers - Muiriages — Penny weddings — Vanes — Love charms — Toys Storins MontComp rings-Horseshoes -. Fools - Jesters — Apparitions-Babies in titt tynas -Fairy rings-Autographs_Witch finders—Witches— Wizards – Shop with - Amulets — Duels — Charms - Healths — Exorcisms — Evil eytt - Dessert werden Sivoting stars — Gypsies - Sin eaters – Corpse candles, Mixnews.lt tations - Crickets - Bonfires — Old saws — Philtres-Frosts --- B'watu Loto lists – Christenings — Pawnbrokers' balls - Burials - Curavice Spectres—Lucky and unlucky numbers-Newspapers - ishindia Brownies — Spunkies — Kelpies — Wraiths — Dwarfisadi session bacco - Snuff — Sorcerers — Songs — Hair and Wine

Familiars —Holy Wells --Gossips — Cards — Wrecks - Divinations Betrothings Shrouds — Inventions - Phenomena, &c. &c. &c. By the introduction of various topics and facts of a still more interesting and important nature, with suitable Historical, Biographical, Astronomical, and Seasonable Anecdotes-information that is useful to all, will be combined with amusement that is agreeable to most.

THE EVERY-Day Book will be a History of the Year. Whether it be consulted respecting to-day or to-morrow, or any other day, it will present acceptable particulars respecting the day sought. It becomes, therefore, a Perpetual Guide to the Year—not to any one year in particular, but to every year—and forms a Complete Dictionary of the Almanac, for the daily use and instruction of every person who possesses an Almanac, and desires a Key to it.

In this view it will be the EVERY-Day Book of pleasure and business-of parents and children, teachers and pupils, masters and servants : and, as Cowper says, that, "a volume of verse is a fiddle that sets the universe in motion," it is believed that his remark may be somewhat verified by the pleasant images and kind feelings, which the interspersion of much excellent poetry throughout the work is designed to create in all classes of its readers.

Many essential particulars relating to the days of the week, the twelve months, the four seasons, and the year generally, will be arranged by way of Appendix, and there will be a copious Index to the whole.

A number, or sheet of thirty-two columns, price threepence, will be published every Saturday till the undertaking is completed, which will be in about a yeara few weeks more or less. The Engravings in each will vary as to number: in some there may be only one or two; in others, three, or four, or five-according to the subject.

It will form a large and handsome volume, containing a greater body of curious and interesting anecdotes and facts than exists in any other in the English language; and be illustrated by nearly two hundred Engravings from the original designs of superior artists, or from rare and remarkable prints and drawings.

This mode of publication is adopted with a view to two objects: 1st, the general diffusion of useful facts in connection with various information; and 2dly, the attainment of additional particulars during its progress.

To a large mass of materials already collected, communications respecting local risages or customs in any part of the United Kingdom, and Festival Ceremonials abroad, will be especially acceptable. Such communications, or any useful hints or suggestions, or permission to extract from books or manuscripts, it will give me great pleasure to receive, and to acknowledge as circumstances may require.

W. HONE. 45, Ludgate-hill, 31st December, 1824.

NOTE.This Leaf and the Title are to be cut off, and thrown aside, when the Volume is

bound. A new title, &c., will be given gratis.

THE HISTORY OF PARODY, with ENLARGED REPORTS OF

MY THREE TRIALS, a royal octavo volume of 600 pages, handsomely printed and illustrated by numerous Engravings on copper and wood, plain and coloured, is in considerable forwardness. The price will be 27. 28. in extra boards. The favour of additional names to the list of Subscribers is respectfully solicited, in order to regulate tho number of copies to be printedbut NO MONEY WILL BE RECEIVED until the book is delivered.

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THIS is the first and the coldest month of the year. Its zodiacal sign is Aquarius or the Waterbearer It derives its name from Janus, a deity represented by the Romans with two faces, because he was Acquainted with past and future events. Cotton introduces him into a poem on the new yearHask, the cock crows, and yon bright star Tells us, the day himself's not far; And see where, breaking from the night, He gilds the western hills with light. With him old Janus doth appear, Peeping into the future year, With such a look as seems to say, The prospect is not good that way. Thus do we rise ill sights to see, And 'gainst ourselves to prophesy ; When the prophetic fear of things A more tormenting mischief brings, More full of soul-tormenting gall Than direst mischiefs can befall. Kot stay ! but stay! Methinks my sight, Lelier informed by clearer light,

Discerns sereneness in that brow,
That all contracted seem'd but now.
His revers'd face may show distaste,
And frown upon the ills are past;
But that which this way looks is clear,
And smiles upon the new-born year.

According to the ancient mythology, Janus was the god of gates and avenues, and in that character held a key in his right hand, and a rod in his left, to symbolize his opening and ruling the year: sometimes he bore the number 300 in one hand, and 65 in the other, the number of its days. At other times he was repro sented with four heads, and placed in a temple of four equal sides, with a door and three windows in each side, as emblems of the four seasons and the twelve months over which he presided

According to Verstegan (Restitution of Decayed Intelligence, 4to. 1628, p. 59) the Saxons called this month “ Wolf monat," or Wolf-inonih, because the

VOL. I.

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wolves of our ancient forests, impelled by which he passed thirty years, and died hunger at this season, were wont to prowl about the sixth century. Bishop Patrick, and attack man himself; the inferior ani- in his “Reflexions upon the Devotions of mals, on whom they usually preyed, having the Roman Church," 1674, 8vo. cites of teti:ed or perishes from the inclemency of St. Mochua, that while walking and praythe weather. The Saxons also called this ing, and seeing a company of lambs runmonth “Aefter-yula," or After Christmas. ning hastily to suck their mothers, he drew In illuminated calendars prefixed to a line upon the ground which none of the catholic missals, or service books, January hungry lambs durst pass. Patrick again was frequently depicted as a man with cites, that St. Mochua having been vifagots or a woodman's axe, shivering sited by St Kyenanus and fifteen of his and blowing his fingers. Spenser intro- clergy, they came to an impetuous and duces this month in nis Faerie Queene : impassable river on their return, and Then came old January, wrapped well

wanted a boat; whereupon St. Mochua In many weeds to keep the cold away; spread his mantle on the water, and KyeYet did he quake and quiver like to quell; nanus with his fifteen priests were carried And blow his nayles to warme them if he may; safely over upon the mantle, which floated For they were numb'd with holding all the back again to St. Mochua without wrinkle day

or wetting. An hatchet keene, with which he felled wood, St. Fanchea, or Faine, is said by Butler and from the trees did lop the needlesse spray. to have been an Irish saint of the sixth

century. Patrick quotes that St. Endeus January 1.

desiring to become a monk, his compaA close holiday at all public nions approached to dissuade him; but, Circumcision. offices except the Excise, Cus. {

upon the prayers of St. Faine, and her toms, and Stamps. This festival stands in the calendar of stuck to the earth like immovable stones,

making the sign of the cross, their feet the church of England, as well as in that until by repentance they were loosed and of the Roman catholic church. It is

went their way. said to have been instituted about 487 ;

St. Fulgentius, according to Butler, died at first appeared in the refor.ned English on the 1st of January, 533, sometimes went liturgy in 1550.

barefoot, nerer undressed to take rest, noi Without noticing every saint to whom each day is dedicated in the Roman catholic calen

ate flesh meat, but chiefly lived on pulse dars, the names of saints will be given day by and herbs, though when old he admitted day, as they stand under each day in the last edition of their “ Lives," by the Rev. Alban

the use of a little oil. He preached, exButler, in 12 vols. 8vo. On the authority of that plained mysteries, controveried with herework the periods will be mentioned when the tics, and built monasteries. Butler conSaints most noted for their miracles flourished; cludes by relating, that after his death, a miracles will be given: First, from “ The Golder bishop named Pontian was assured in a Legend,” a black letter folio volume, printed by vision of Fulgentius's immortality; that W. de Worde.-Secondly, from History of Britain," by the Benedictine father, his relics were translated to Bourges, where S. Cressy, dedicated by him to the queen con- they are venerated ; and that the saint's sort of Charles II., a folio, printed in 1668.Thirdly, from the catholic translation of the

head is in the church of the archbishop's " Lives of the Saints,” by the Rev. Father seminary. Peter Ribadeneira, priest of the society of Jesus, second edition, London, 1730, 2 vols. folio ; and Fourthly, from other sources which will be named. By this means the reader will be ac

NEW YEAR'S DAY. quainted with legends that rendered the saints and the celebration of their festivals popular. The King of Light, father of aged Time, For example, the saints in Butler's Lives on this Hath brought about that day, which is the day occur in the following order :

prime St. Fulgentius ; St. Odilo, or Olou ; To the slow gliding months, when every eye St. Almachus, or Telemachus ; St. Ex Wears symptoms of a sober jollity; gendus, or Oyend; St. Fanchea, or Faine; And every hand is ready to present St. Mochua, or Moncain, alias Claunus ; Some service in a real compliment. St. Mochua, alias Cronan, of Balla. Whilst some in golé en letters write their Sts. Mochua. According to Butler, these Soine speak affection by a ring or glore,

love, were Irish saints. One founded the mo.

Or pins and points (for ev'n the peasant quay rastery, now the town of Balla, in Con. After his ruder fashion, be as gay naught. The other is said to have founded

As the brisk courtly sir,) and thinks that he 120 cells, and thirty churches, in one of Cannot, withont a gross absurdity.

and some of those miracles be stated.

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