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different from any thing like the warm may help you to cut yourself, a quivering and circling amplitude, which
body, a frozen towel, and an ewer fuil of Sweetly recoinmends itself ice; and he that says there is nothing to Unto oui gentle senses.
oppose in all this, only shows, at any rate Add to this, benuinhed fingers, which that he has no merit in opposing it."
Tuis engraving represents simple me- plates to his work, for teaching wluch thods by which, at this season especially, his explanations are numerous and elear. the health of young persons may be maintained, and the constitution invigorated. Two round parallel bars at two An unseasonable occurrence in the feet distance from each other, on round cellar of the late sir Joseph Banks may be standards three or four feet high, firmly acceptable in the mention, and excite fixed in the ground, will afford boys the particular sympathy in persons who remeans of actively exerting their limbs and create with the juice of the vine: as a fact, muscles: and if the ends of a pole be let it may tend to elucidate the origin and into opposite walls or fastened to trees, nature of vegetable fungi, particularly of the boys may be taught to climb single that species termed mushroom. ropes, and hold on while swinging by worthy baronet had a cask of wine rather them. The engraving is placed before too sweet for immediate use; he therefore the eyes of parents and teachers with the directed that it should be placed in a celhope of directing their attention to gym- lar, in order that the saccharine matter it nastic exercises, as diversions for youth, contained might be more perfectly decomand they are referred to a practical trea: posed by age. At the end of three years, he lise on the subject by Mr. Clias, that may directed his butler to ascertain the state of be safely used. His judicious reasoning the wine, when, on attempting to open the must convince every reader of their im- cellar door, he could not effect it, in conse portance to the rising generation, and quence of some powerful obstacle. The that it is within the means of all classes door was cut down, and the cellar found of persons to let boys acquire a know- to be completely filled with a firm fungovs ledge of the feats represented in the vegetable production-so firm that it was
Decessary to use the axe for its removal. anticipate with calm delight the entrance This appeared to have grown from, or of the new year, and lift his eyes to the bare been nourished by, the decomposed living lustres of the firmament with grate. partie'es of the wine : the cask was empty, ful feelings. They shine out their prismatic and carried up to the ceiling, where it colours through the cold thin air, keeping **s supported by the surface of the watch while man slumbers, or cheering fungus.
him, who contemplates their fires, to purAt the close of this day he who can poses of virtue. 'In this season reflect with satisfaction on the past, may
The night comes calmly forth,
the devil answered, to give drink to the
hermits; and that the phials contained a St. Jacarius ; St. Concordius ; St.
variety of liquors, thai they might have Adalard or Alard.
a choice, and so fall into temptation. On St. Macarius. A.D. 394. Albau Butler the devil's return, ine saint inquired how says be was a confectioner of Alexandria, he had sped; and the devil answered very who, in the flower of his age, spent evil, for they were so holy that only one upwards of sixty years in the deserts in Theodistus would drink : 'on this informlabour, penance, and contemplation. “Our ation Macarius found Theodistus under saini," says Butler, “ happened one day the influences of the phial, and recovered inadvertently to kill a gnat, that was biting him. Macarias found the head of a pagan, him in his cell; reflecting that he had lost and asked where the soul of its body the opportunity of suffering that mortifi was: in hell, said the head: he asked the cation, he hastened from his cell for the head if bell was deep ;-the head said marshes of Scete, which abound with deeper than from heaven to earth : he degreat flies, whose stings pierce eren wild manded again, if there were any there boars. There he continued six months, , lower than bis own soul—the head said esposed to those ravaging insects; and to the Jews were lower than he was: the such a degree was his włole body dis- saint inquired if there were any lower figured by them, with sores and swellings, than the Jews—the head answered, the that when he returned he was only to be fa!se Christian-men were lower than the known by his voice." The Golden Legend Jews, and more tormented: there the relates of him, that he took a dead pagan dialogue between the saint and the head (ut of his sepulchre, and put him under appears 10 have ended. Macarius seems, his head for a pillow; whereupon certain by the Golden Legend, to have been much der is came to affright the saint, and called annoyed by the devil. In a nine days' the dead pagan to go with them; but the journey through a desert, at the end of body under the saint said be could not, every mile he set up a reed in the earth, because a pilgrim lay upon him, so that to mark his track against he returned; he could not move; then Macarius, no but the devil pulled them all up, made a thing afraid, beat the body with his fist, and bundle of them, and placed them at Matold him to go if he would, which caused carius's head, while he lay asleep, so that the devils to declare that Macarius had the saint with great difficulty found his vanquished them. Another time the way home again. devil came with a great scythe on his Št. Adalard, according to Butler, was shoulder, to smite the saint, but he could grandson of Charles Martel, brother to Dot prevail against bim, on acco'.nt of his king Pepin, and cousin-german 10 Charlevirtues. Macarius, at another time, being magne, who created him a count: he left tempted, filled a sack with stones, and his court in 773, became a monk at Corbie bore it many journies through the desert. in Picardy, died in 827, aged seventySeeing a devil before him in the shape of three, and wrought miracles, which proa man, dressed like “a herawde,” with cured his body to be enshrined with great his clothing full of holes, and in every hole pomp in 1010, a history of which solema phial, he demanded of this devil whither nity is written by St. Gerard, woo com. he went ; and why he had so many phials? posed an office in St. Adalard's honour, he
cause through his intercession he had mission to return to Rome. Whatever been cured of a violent head-ache.- subject Ovid wrote on, he exhausted; he The same St. Gerard relates seven other painted nature with a masterly hand, and iniracles by S.. Adalard of the same nature. his genius imparted elegance to vulgarity; Butler says, his relics are still at Corbie, but he defiled the sweetness of his numin a rich shrine, and two smaller cases, bers by impurity, and though he ranks except a small portion given to the abbey among the splendid ornaments of ancient of Chelles.
literature, he sullied his fame by the grossest immorality in some of his finest
productions. The first Monday after new year's day
Livy, the Roman historian, died at Padua is called Flandsel Monday in some parts of Scotland, and is observed by merry, Ovid. His history of the Roman Empire
on the same day and in the same year with inaking. In sir J. Sinclair's “ Statistical
was in one hundred and forty books, of Account," it is related of one William Hunter, a collier, that he was cured in which only thirty-five are extant. Five of
these were discovered at Worms in 1431, the year 1758 of an inveterate rheumatism or gout, by drinking freely of new
and some fragments are said to have been ale, full of barm or yeast.
lately discovered at Hercu'nnapiim. Few
poor man had been confined to his bed for a
particulars of his life are nown, but his year and a half, having almost entirely his history has rendered him immortal
fame was great even while he lived, and lost the use of his limbs. On the evening He wrote some philosophical treatises of Handsel Monday, as it is called, some of his neighbours came to make merry the merit of authors, which Dr. Lem
and dialogues, with a letter to his son on with him. Though he could not rise, yet he always took his share of the ale, as it priere says, ought to be read by young passed round the company; and, in the end, became much intoxicated. The consequence was, that he had the use of his limbs the next morning, and was abie to
In the Literary Pocket Book there are walk about. He lived more than twenty
some seasonable facts which may be years after this, and never had the smallest transplanted with advantage to the reader, return of his old complaint.” This is a and, it is hoped, without disadvantage to li fact worth remembering, as connected the writer of the articles. He says that with chronical complaints.
a man is infinitely mistaken, who thinks there is nothing worth seeing in winter.
time out of doors, because the sun is not Chronology.
warın, and the streets are muddy. “Let On the 2d of January, A. D. 17, Ovid him get, by dint of good exercise, out of the celebrated Roman poet died; he was the streets, and he shall find enough. In born at Sulmo on the 20th of March, the warm neighbourhood of towns he may forty-three years before the Christian era. still watch the field-fares, thrushes, and His father designed him for the bar, and blackbirds; the titmouse seeking its food he became eminently eloquent, but every through the straw-thatch; the red-wings, thing he wrote was expressed in poetical field-fares, sky-larks, and tit-larks, upon numbers; and though reminded by his the same errand, over wet meadows; the father, that even Homer lived and died sparrows and yellow-hammers, and chafin poverty, he preferred the pleasures of finches, still beautiful though mute, gleanimagination to forensic disputation Heing from the straw and chaff in farmgained great admiration from the learned. yards; and the ring-dove, always poetical, Virgil, Horace, Tibullus, and Propertius, coming for her meal to the ivy-berries. were his friends, and Augustus became About rapid stroams he may see the vahis liberal patron, till be banished him for rious habits and movements of herons, some unknown cause. In his exile he wood-cocks, wild-dicks, and other waterwas cowardly, and prostituted his pen to fowl, who are obliged in quit the frozen flatter baseness; and though he desired marshes to seek their food there. The the death of the emperor, he fawned upon red-breast comes to the windows, and him in his writings to meanness. He died often into the house itself, to be rewarded at Tomos on the Euxine sea, the place of for its song, and for its far-famed 6 pair his banishment, under the reign of Tibe. ful' obsequies to the Children in the rius, who had succeeded Augustus, and Wood.” was deaf to the poet's entreaties for per
they found there. They did so till tvor
swineherds came by, one of whom said St. Generieus. St. Anterus, Pope. St. to the other, “ I went yesterday after one Gondim. St. Peter Balsam.
of my sows and found a bed of lime;" St. Generiere, Patroness of Paris. the other replied that he had also found
Alban Butler affirms that she was one under the root of a tree that the born in 422, at Nanterre, four miles from wind had blown down. St. Genevieve's Pans, Dear the present Calvary there, priests of course inquired where these and that she died a virgin on this day discoveries were made, and bearing the in 512, and was buried in 545, near the tidings to Genevieve the church of St. steps of the high altar in a magnificent Denis was began. During its progress church, dedicated to St. Peter and St. the workmen wanted drink, whereupon Paul, began by Clovis, where he also was Genevieve called for a vessel, prayed over interied. Her relics were afterwards it, signed it with the cross, and the taken up and put into a costly shrine vessel was immediately filled; “so," says atoui 630. Of course they worked mira- the Legend, "the workmen drank their cies. Her shrine of gold and silver, belly full," and the vessel continued to covered with precious stones, the presents be supplied in the same way with “drink” of kings and aneens, and with a cluster for the workmen till the church was of diamonds un the top, presented by the finished. At another time a woman stole intnguing Mary de Medicis, is, on cala- St. Genevieve's shoes, but as soon as she mitous occasions, carried about Paris in got home lost her sight for the theft, and procession, accompanied by shrines remained blind, till, having restored the equally miraculous, and by the canons shoes, St. Genevieve restored the woman's of St. Genevieve walking bare-foot. sigbt. Desiring the liberation of certain
The miracles of St. Genevieve, as re prisoners condemned to death at Paris, lated in the Golden Legend, were equally she went thither and found the city gates Bumerous and equally credible. It relates were shut against her, but they opened that when she was a child, St. Germaine without any other key than her own presaid to her mother, “ know ye for certain sence. She prayed over twelve men in that on the day of Genevieve's nativity that city possessed with devils, till the the angels sung with joy and gladness," mnen were suspended in the air, and the and looking on the ground he saw a devils were expelled. A child of four penny signed with the cross, which came years old fell in a pit and was killed ; there by the will of God; he took it up, St. Genevieve only covered her with and gave it to Genevieve, requiring her her mantle and prayed over her, and the to bear in mind that she was the spouse child came to life and was baptized at of Christ. She promised him accordingly, Easter. On a voyage to Spain she arand often went to the minster, that she rived at a port“where, as of custom, ships might be worthy of her espousals. “Then,” were wont to perish.” Her own vessel says the Legend,“ the mother was angry, was likely to strike on a tree in the water, and smote her on the cheek-God avenged which seems to have caused the wrecks; the child, so that the mother became blind," she commanded the tree to be cut down, and so remained for one and twenty months, and began to pray; when lo, just as the when Genevieve fetched her some holy tree began to fall, “two wild heads, Water, signed her with the sign of the grey and horrible, issued thereout, which cross, washed her eyes, and she recovered stank so sore, that the people that were her sight. It further relates, that by the there were envenomed by the space of lioly Ghost she showed many people their two hours, and never after perished ship secret thoughts, and that from fifteen there; thanks be to God and this holy years to fifty she fasted every day except saint.”. Sunday and Thursday, when she ate At Meaux, a master not forgiving his beans, and barley-bread of three weeks servant his faults though St Genevievo oid. Desiring to build a church, and prayed him, she prayed against him. He dedicate it to St. Denis and other martyrs, was immediately seized with a hot ague ; the required materials of the priests for “on the morrow he came to the holy that purpose.
“Dame," answered the virgin, running with open mouth like a briests, " we would ; but we can get no German bear, his tongue hanging out
chalk nor lime." She desired them to go like a boar, and requiring pardon." She I to the bridge of Paris and bring what thep blessed him, the fever left him, and
in the park? Siniling, she answered so without measure misorderel, that I me :
think myself in hell, till time come that “I wist, all their sport in the park is I must go to Mr. Elmer; who teachet! but a shadow to that pleasure that I find me so gently, so pleasantly, with such in Plato. Alas! good-folk, they never fair allurements to learning, that I think felt what true pleasure meant.'
all the time nothing, while I am with him : " • And how came you, madam,' quoth and when I am called from him, I fall on I,“to this deep kuowledge of pleasure ? weeping, because whatsoever I do else, And what did chiefly allure you unto it, but learning, is full of grief, trouble, fear seeing not many women, but very few and whole misliking unto me: and thus men, have attained thereunto ?
my book hath been so much my pleasure, “ “I will tell you,' quoth she,' and tell and bringeth daily to me more pleasure you a truth, which perchance you will and more, that in respect of it, all other marvel at. One of the greatest benefits pleasures in very deed, be but trifles and that ever God gave me, is, that he sent me troubles unto me.'” so sharp and severe parents, and so gentle Surely this innocent creature's confesa schoolmaster. For when I am in pre- sion, that she was won to the love of sence either of father or mother, whether learning and her teacher by his gentleI speak, keep silence, sit, stand, or go, ness, and the disclosure of her affiction eat, drink, be merry, or sad, be sewing, under the severe discipline of her parents, playing, dancing, or doing any thing else, are positive testimony to the fact, that
be measure, and number, even so perfectly, taught by the law of kindness : nor let as God made the world; or else I am so it detract from the force of the remark, sharply taunted, so 'cruelly threatened, that in connection with her artless feelyea presently sometimes with pinches, ings and blameless deportment, if her nips, and bobs, and other ways (which I . hard fate call forth a versified effusion will not name for the honour I bear them) INSCRIBED BENEATH PORTRAIT OF LADY JANE GREY.
On knowledge, found it peace ; her vast acquirement
With dulcet pieasures, such as calm retirement
Was virtue : in obedience to her sire
To their ambition : her own mild desire
For though at their request she claimed the crown,
Yet, the bright diadem, and gorgeous throne,
1815. On the 4th of January, died they were excluded from the throne of the alexander Macdonald, Esq., who is no people, by the aristocracy and commonother way remarkable, than for a chival- alty of England in parliament assembled. rous devotion to the family of Stuart. He As evidence of the spirit that dictated raised a monument in the vale of Glen- such a memorial, and of the proper
feelfinnyn, at the head of Lochshiel, in the ing which permits that spirit to be excounty of Inverness, with a Latin, Gaelic, pressed, in spite of its hostility to the and English inscription, to commemo- principles that deposited and continued rate the last open efforts of that family, the diadem of the commonwealth in the for the recovery of a crown they had custody of the house of Hanover, the in forfeited by innumerable breaches of the scription on the nonument is placed in laws, and whose aggressions on life and the next column. It stands in English iv property being suffered, till
these words : “ Non-resistance could no further go,"