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is highly distinguished. “France,” says Till the directing angels bid
wishop Patrick, “glories in the relics
of this saint; yet Baronius tells us, that

Well may the church triumphantly
Ratisbonne in Germany has long con-

proclaim tested with them about it, and show his

This martyr's death, and never body there; and pope Leo IX. set out a

dying farue. declaration determining that the true body of St Denys was entire at Ratis

Several devotional books contain prints bonne, wanting only the little finger of head in his hands. One of them, entitled

representing St. Denys walking with his his right hand, yet they of Paris ceased

“ Le Tableau de la Croix, represente not their pretences to it, so that here are two bodies venerated of the same indi

dans les Ceremonies de la Sie. Messe,” •idual saint; and both of them are mis. consists of a hundred engravings by ). taken if they of Prague have not been Collin,* and from one of them the "lively 2.eated, among whose nurrerous relics portraiture” of the saint prefixed to this

article is taken. I find the arm of St. Denys, the apostle of Paris, reckoned." The bishop concludes by extracting part of a Latin service, in bonour of St. Denys. from the “Roman Missal,"• wherein the prominent miracie

Milky Agaric. Agaricus lactiflorus. before alluded to is celebrated in the fol

Dedicated to St. Denis. lowing words, thus rendered by the bishop into English.

October 10. He fell indeed, but presently

St. Francis Borgia, a. D. 1572. St

arose, The breathless body finds both

Paulinus, Abp. of York, A. D. 644. feet and way,

St. John of Bridlington, A. D. 1379. üstakes his head in hand, and

1825. forward goes,

Oxford and Cambridge Terms begin on this day

There is a fearful spirit busy now.

Already have the elements unfurled

Their banners : the great sea-wave is upcurled :
The cloud comes : the fierce winds begin to blow

About, and blindly on their errands go;
And quickly will the pale red leaves be hurled

From their dry boughs, and all the forest world
Stripped of its pride, be like a desert show.
I love that moaning music which I hear

In the bleak gusts of autumn, for the soul
Seems gathering tidings from another sphere,

And, in sublime mysterious sympathy,

Man's bounding spirit ebbs and swells more high,
Accordant to the billow's loftier roll.t

barge, A. D. 664. St. Canicus, 01 FLURAL DIRECTORY.

Kenny, Abbot in Ireland, A. D. 599.
Cape Acerris. Velthemia Viridifolia.

St. Ethelburge.
Dedicated to St. Francis Borgia.

In ancient times on the festival of this

saint, furmity was an usual dish "!
October 1.

Old Michaelmas Dap.
Sta. Tarachus, Probus, and Andronicus, fordshire for young men to assemble in

On this day it was a custom in Hert-
A.D. 304. St. Gummar, or Gomar,
4. D 774. St. Ethelburge, or Edić the fields and choose a leader, whom they

Imp. a Paris, 4to. + Literary Pocket Buok. an., 1520, fulio.

Fosbroke's Ency. of Antiq.



On the 13th of October, 1754, died THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.-OCTOBER 12 13. were obliged to follow through ponds calculation, furnished me by a maides and ditches, “over brake and briar." aunt, of the ramber of stitches in a plais Every person they met was taken up by shirt she made for her grandfather the arms and bumped, or swung against Stitching the collar, four rows 3,000 another. Each publican furnished a Sewing the ends

500 gallon of ale and plum-cake, which was Button-holes, and sewing on consumed in the open air. This was a


150 septennial custom and called ganging Sewing on the collar and gatherday.'

ing the neck

1,204 Stitching wristbands Sewing the ends

68 Holly. Iler aquifolium.


143 Dedicated to St. Ethelburge.

Hemming the slits

264 Gathering the sleeves

840 Setting on wristbands

1,468 October 12.

Stitching shoulder-straps, three


Tuws each
St. Wilfrid, Bp. of York, A. D. 709.

Hemming the neck
Seasonable Work.


Sewing the sleeves Now come the long evenings with devices for amusing them. In the in

Setting in sleeves and gussets 3,050


Taping the sleeves tervals of recreation there is “ work to


Sewing the seams do.” This word “ work” is significant


Setting side gussets of an employment which astonishes men,


Hemming the bottom and seems never to tire the fingers of their industrious helpmates and daugh

Total number of stitches 20,646 is ters; except that, with an expression which we are at a loss to take for either

My aunt's grandfather's plain shirt,

As witness my hand, jest or earnest, because it partakes of each, they now and then exclaim,

GERTRUDE GRIZENHOOFE. mens' work is never done !" The asser

Colienham, tion is not exactly the fact, but it is not

Vear Cambridge, a great way from it. What

Sept. 1825.

inan of woman born" ever considered the quantity of stiches in a shirt without fear that a general mutiny among females might

FLORAL DIRECTORY. leave him “ without a shirt to his back ?"

Wavy Fleabane. Jnula undulata. Cannot an ingenious spinner devise a

Dedicated to St. Wilfred. seamless shirt, with its gussets, and wristbands, and collar, and selvages as durable as hemming ? The immense

October 13. work iu a shirt is concealed, and yet st. Edward, King and Confessor, at det happily every “better half' prides herself on thinking that she could never do

1066. Sts. Faustus, Januarius, and too much towards making good shirts for

Martialis, A. D. 304. Seven Friar her “good man." Is it not in his power

Minors, Martyrs, A. D. 1221. St. Col. to relieve her from some of this labour ?

man, A. D, 1012. St. Gerald, Coun' Can he not form himself and friends into of Aurillac, or Orilhac, A. D. 909. a“ society of hearts and manufactures," and get shirts made, as well as washed, by Translation King Edward machinery and steam? These inquiries are occasioned by the following


This, in the church of England calendar
To the Editor of the Every Day Book. and almanacs, denotes the day to be a

festival to the memory of the removal of I assure you the Every Day Book is his bones or relics, as they are called by a great favourite among the 'adies; and the Roman church, from whence the fies therefore, I send for your insertion a

tival is derived




Stebbing in Essex, Mr. Jacob Powell. Jog on a little faster, pr'ythee,
lle weighed nearly forty stone, or five I'll take a nap, and then be with thee."
kundred and sixty pounds. His body was

So said, so done, and safely sure,
bove five yards in circumference, and his For say, what conquest more secure ?
limbs were in proportion. He had sixteen

Whene'er he walk'd (that's all that's in it)

He could o'ertake him in a minute. men to carry him to his grave.*

The tortoise heard his taunting jeer,

But still resolv'd to persevere,
Smooth Helenium. Helenium autumnale. Still drawl'd along, as who should say,
Dedicated to St. Edward.

I'll win, like Fabius, by delay;
On to the goal securely crept,

While puss unknowing soundly slept.
October 14.

The bets were won, the hare awoke, St. Calixtus, or Callistus, Pope, A.D. 222. When thus the victor tortoise spoke : St. Donatian, Bp. A. D. 389. St. Burck

Puss, tho' I own thy quicker parts, ard, 1st Bp. of Wurtsburg, A. D. 752. Things are not always done by starts, St. Dominic, surnamed Loricatus, A. D.

You may deride my awkward pace,

But slow and steady wins the race.” Lloyd 1060.




The year is now declining; "the sear,

FLORAL DIRECTORY, the yellow leaf” falls, and “ dies in Octo

Indian Fleabane. Inula Indica.
ber." There is a moral in every thing to Dedicated to St. Calixtus.
moralizing minds; these indications of
wear on the face of the earth, induce
noralities on the use and abuse of time.

October 15
The Hare and Tortoise.

St. Teresa, Virgin, A. D. 1582. St. Tecla, In days of yore, when Time was young,

Abbess. St. Hospicius, or Hospis When birus convers') as well as sung,

A.D. 580.
When use of speech was not confin'd
Merely to brutes of human kind,

Scent of Dogs, and Tobucco.
A forward bare, of swiftness vain,
The genius of the neighb'ring plain,

A contemporary kalendarian* appears Would oft deride the drudging crowd :

to be an early smoker and a keen sportsFor geniuses are ever proud.


says, “ From having constantHe'd boast, his flight 'twere vain to follow, ly amused ourselves with our pipe early For dog and horse he'd beat them hollow ; in the morning, we have discovered and Nay, if be put forth all his strength, are enabled to point out an almost infalliOutstrip his brethren half a length. able method of judging of good scen“.

When the tobacco smoke seems to hacg A torte ise heard his vain oration, And vented thus his indignation :

lazily in the air, scarcely sinking or "Oh puss ! it bodes thee dire disgrace,

rising, or moving from the place where When I defy thee to the race.

it is emitted from the pipe, producing at Come, 'tis a match, nay, no denial,

the same time a strong smell, which lasts 'n lay my shell upon the trial.”

some time in the same place after the 'Twas done and done, all fair, a bet, smoke is apparently dispersed, we may Judges prepar'd, and distance set.

on that day be sure that the scent will lay

well. We have seldom known this rule The scamp'ring hare outsteint the wind,

to deceive; but it must be remembered The creeping tortoise lagg'd behind,

that the state of the air will sometimes And scarce had pass'd a single pole, When puss bad almost reach'd the goal.

change in the course of the day, and that Friend tortoise," quoth the jeering hare,

the scent will drop all of a sudden, and "Your burthen's more than you can bear,

thus throw the hounds all out, and break To help your speed it were as well off the chase abruptly. For as Sommer. That I should ease you of your shell :

ville says :

+ Gentleman's Magazine.

. Dr. Forster.

Vol. 1.


2 Y

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the hermit being sick, said, " am surt

Thus on on the air
Depend the hunter's hopes. When ruddy streaks
At eve forebode a blustering stormy day,
Or lowering clouds blacken the mountain's brow,
When nipping frosts, and the keen biting blasts
Of the dry parching east, menace the trees
With tender blossoms teeming, kindly spare
Thy sleeping pack, in their warm beds of stran
Low sinking at their ease ; listless they shrink
Into some dark recess, nor hear thy voice
Thought oft invoked; or haply if thy call
Rouse up the slumbering tribe, with heavy eyes
Glazed, lifeless, dull, downward they drop their tails
Inverted; high on their bent backs erect
Their pointed bristles stare, or 'mong the tufts
Of ranker weeds, each stomach-healing plant
Curious they crop, sick, spiritless, forlorn
These inauspicious days, on other cares

Employ thy precious hours.

Then, tne aforesaid gentlemen did meet Sweet Sultan. Centaurea moschi

with their hounds and boar-staves in the Dedicated to St. Teresa.

place aforesaid, and there found a great wild boar; and the hounds did run bim very

hard, near the chapel and hermitage of October 16.

Eskdale side, where there was a monk of

Whitby, who was an hermit; and the St. Gall, Abbot, A. D. 646. St. Lullus, or boar being so hard pursued, took in at

Lullon, Abp., A. D. 787. St. Mum- the chapel door, înd there laid him down, molin, or Mommolin, Bp. A. D. 665.

and died immediately, and the bermit CUSTOM AT ESKDALE, YORKSHIRE.

shut the hounds out of the chapel, and

kept himself at his meditation and pray To the Editor of the Every-Day Book, ers; the hounds standing at bay without

, Bir,

the gentlemen in the thick of the wood,

put behind their game, in following the Ascension-day, whereon there is a re- cry of the hounds, came to the hermitage markable annual custom in maintenance and found the nounds round the chapel ; of a tenure, has passed, but as it originat. then came the gentlemen to the door of ed from a circumstance on the 16th of the chapel

, and called on the bermit, who October, you can introduce it on that day, did open the door, and then they got forth, and it will probably be informing as well and withic lay the boar dead, for which as amusing to the majority of readers. the gentlemen, in a fury, because their The narrative is derived from a tract for- hounds were put out of their game, run merly published at Whitby. I am, &c. at the hermit with their boar-staves,

WENTANA Civis. whereof he died; then the gentlemen On this day in the fifth year of the peril of death, fook sanctuary at Scarbo

knowing, and perceiving that he was in reign of king Henry II

. after the con- rough ; but at that time, the abbot, being quest of England, (1140,) by William, in great favour with the king, did remore duke of Normandy, the Word of Ugle them out of the sanctuary, whereby they barnby, then called William de Bruce, the became in danger of the law, and not lord of Snaynton, called Ralph de Percy, privileged, but like to have the severity of and a gentleman freeholder called Allot the law, which was death. But the herson, did meet to hunt the wild boar, in a mit being a holy man, and being very suck certain wood or desert, called Eskdale and at the point of death, sent for the side; the wood or place did belong to the abbot, and desired him to send for the abbot of the monastery of Whitby in York. gentlemen, who had wounded him to shire, who was then called Sedman, and death; so doing, the gentlernen came, and abbot of the said plare.


that it shall be done by you and your sucsaid, and will confirm it by the faith of an

to die of these wounds:" but the abbot honest man." Then the hermit saic, answered, “ They shall die for it," but “ My soul longeth for the Lord, and I as the hermit said, “ Not so, for I will freely freely forgive these gentlenien my deatn, forgive them my death, if they are con as Christ forgave the thief upon the tent to be enjoined this penalty (penance) cross ;” and in the presence of the abbo for the safeguard of their souls;" thé and the rest, he said moreover these gentlemen being there present, bid him words, “In manus tuas, Domine com. enjoin what he would, so he saved their mendo spiritum meum, à vinculis enin lives: then said the hermit, “you and yours mortis redimisti me, Domine veritatis," shall hold your land of the abbot of (Into thy hands O Lord I recommend my Whitby, and his successors in this man spirit, for thou hast redeemed me from der: that upon Ascension-day Even, you the bonds of death O Lord of Truth,) of some of you shall come to the wood of and the abbot and the rest said " Amen," Streyheads, which is in Eskdale side, and so yielded up the ghost the eighth and the same (Ascension-day) at sun ris- day of December, upon whose soul God ing, and there shall the officer of the ab- have mercy. Anno Domini, 1160. bot blow his horn, to the intent that you N. B. This service is still annuaily per may know how to find him, and deliver formed. anto you William de Bruce, ten stakes, eleven street stowers, and eleven yadders, to be cut with a knife of a penny price; and you Ralph de Percy, shall take one Yarrow. Achillæ multifolium. and twenty of each sort, to be cut in the

Dedicated to St. Gall same manner; and you Allotson, shall take nine of each sort to be cut as aforesaid, and to be taken on your backs, and

October 17. carried to the town of Whitby, and to be there before pine o'clock of the same day St. Hedwiges, or Avoice, duchess of Pobefore mentioned ; and at the hour of land, A. D. 1243, St. Anstrudis, or nine o'clock, if it be full sea, to cease Anstru, A. D. 688. St. Andrew of their service, as long as till it be low Crete, A. D. 761. water, and at nine o'clock of the same day, each of you shall set your stakes at

St. Ethelbreda. the brim of the water, each stake a yard She was daughter of Annas, king of the from another, and so yadder them with East Angles, and born about 630, at your yadders, and to stake them on each Ixning, formerly a town of note on the side, with street stowers, that they stand western border of Suffolk, next Camthree tides, without removing by the bridgeshire. At Coldingham Abbey, force of the water; each of you shall Yorkshire, she took the veil under Ebba, make at that hour in every year, except it daughter of king Ethelfrida, an abbess, be full sea at that hour, which when it afterwards celebrated for having saved shall happen to come to pass, the service herself and her nuns from the outrage of shall cease: you shall do this to remem the Danes by mutilating their faces; the ber that you did slay me; and that you brutal invaders enclosed them in their may the better call' to God for mercy, convent and destroyed them by fire. repent youselves, and do good works. Notwithstanding Etheldreda's vow to The oficer of Fskdale side, shall blow, remain a nun, she was twice forced by Out on you! out on you! out on you í her parents to marry, and yet maintained for this heinous crime of yours. If you her vow; hence she is styled, in the Roor your successors refuse this service, so long as it shall not be a full sea, at the

mish breviaries, "twice a widow and al. hour aforesaid, you or your's shall forfeit first husband Tonbert, a nobleman of the

ways a virgin.” On the death of her all your land to the abbot or his succes East Angles, the isle of Ely became her Sots; this I do entreat, that you may have sole property by jointure, and she founded your lives, and goods for this service, and a convent, and the convent church there; you to promise by your parts in heaven, and for their inaintenance endowed them

with the whole island. She married her cessors, as it is aforesaid " and then the second husband Egfrid, king of NorthumI grant all that you have

* Blount by Beckwith.


abbot said,

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