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Lee Lee Harper now looks, are from a very curious scenic den. The letter-press account subjoined
lo Mr. Setchel's print says, that " about an old fan, recently published by the year 1721, when the present interest
Judith and Holophemes
PART OF BARTHOLOMEW FAIR, 1721, The two engravings whereon the reader Mr. Setchel, of King-street, Coveni-gara print of this Fair, as represented on
mg new of this popular Fair was taken, sents, that “ Persons of rank were also its the drama was considered of some im- occasional visitors, and the figure on the portance, and a series of minor, although right (with the star) is also supposed to be egular, pieces, were acted in its various that of sir Robert Walpole, then prime mibooths. At Lee and Harper's, the 'Siege nister. Fawkes, the famous conjuror, of Berthulia' is performing, in which is forms a conspicuous feature, and is the Atroduced the tragedy of ‘Holophernes. only portrait of him known to exist."
Mr. Setchel's account further repre
There is however, another portrait of him in the midst of linte finnes. Fawkes, the conjuror: it is a sheet, en- Hogarth's frontispuns with up uw1,01 graved by Sutton Nichols, representing “Taste," whereas hasta logotiaan tuling
with crimson and edged with gold lace, in three of the boxes, and one empty bor he appears at our present theatres, has long whistles, dolls, and other knicke a round beaver of the same light colour. knackeries: a little boy in a cocked ha! falling behind, and white laced rufiles; hibits the “ Siege of Gibraltar" to two
ton-gate, further tends to perpetuate the other, with a fan in her hand, is in a Fawkes's fame, by an inscription an tawny gown, striped with red, and cuts of nouncing his celebrated feats." It is re the same; the lady and gentleman 2 corded, too, in the first volume of the mourning are evidently about to follow “ Gentleman's Magazine," that on the them. From hence we see the costume 15th of February, 1731, the Algerine am of the quality, and that at that time Barbassadors went to see Mr. Fawkes, who, tholomew Fair was honoured with such at their request, showed them a prospect visitors. of Algiers, “ and raised up an apple-tree, The boy picking the gentleman's pocket which bore ripe apples in less than a mi- is removed from another part of Mr. nute's time, which several of the company Setchel's print, which could not be istasted of." This was one of his last per- cluded in the present engraving, to show formances, for, in the same volume, his that the artist had not forgotten to repre. name is in the list of “ Deaths," on the sent that the picking of pockets succeeded 25th of May, that year, thus: “Mr. to the cutting of purses. The person Fawkes, noted for his dexterity of hand, in black, whose gaze the baker, or man said to die worth 10,0001.” The news
with the apron, is directing with his finger, papers of the period relate, that “ he had looks wonderfully like old Tom Hearne. honestly acquired” it, by his “dexterity,” Indeed, this fan-print is exceedingly and add, that it was no more than he curious, and indispensable to every " ilreally deserved for his great ingenuity,
lustrator of Pennant," and collector of by which he had surpassed all that ever
manners. In that print to the right of Lee pretended to that art." It will
be observed and Harper's is another show with “ Ropefrom the show-cloth of the tumblers, that dancing is here," on a show-cloth, representFawkes was also a “famous posture-mas- ing a female with a pole on the tight-rope ; ter;"
a stout middle-aged man, in a green coat,
and leather breeches, walks the platform The tumbler whirls the flip-flap round,
and blows a trumpet ; the door below is With sommersets he shakes the ground; The cord beneath the dancer springs;
kept by a woman, and the figures on the Aloft in air the vaulter swings,
printed posting-bills against the boards Distorted now, now prone depends,
exhibit a man on the tight-rope, and two Now through his twisted arms descends;
slack-ropes; a figure is seated and swingThe crowd in wonder and delight,
ing on one rope, and on the other a man With clapping hands applaud the sight.
swings by the hams, with his head downGay.
ward: the bills state this to be " At the On the platform of Lee and Harper's in Smithfield. Near to where the hos
great booth over against the hospital-gate show, with “ Judith and Holophernes," in Mr. Setchel's print, which is hand-cook, or landlord, at the door of a house
, pital-gate may be supposed to stand is a
per the clown, behind the trumpeter, is dress- quart, ” on the jamb; on the other jamby ed in black. The lady who represents Judith, as she is painted on the show
a skittle is painted standing on a ball
, and cloth, is herself on the platform, with his bead, on a red portcullis-work, is the
an inscription “Sketle ground;" above feathers on her head ; the middle feather sign of a punch-bowl and ladle, inscribed stomacher, white hanging sleeves with the house hang two Bartholomero " piso rosettes, and a crimson petticoat with with curly tails," and a side of large pork. Aounced. Holophernes, in a rich robe lined of massive wood-Work, with two children untanned leather; Harlequin
, instead of the a spacious sausage-stall ; a toy-stall, kept little flat three-corner flexible cap, wherein by a female, with
, ratles apparently, a lady and her maid; the first older sister is looking wistfully at a Chuis is green, and wears a cap with lappets nese doll on the counter; a snown.an er
girls looking through the glasses. These mob” may be traced so far back as the are part of the amusements which are al- times of the commonwealth, when the luded to, in the inscription on the print ruling powers made considerable efforts now describing, as “ not unlike those of to suppress the Fair altogether; and when, our day, except in the articles of Hollands without going into particulars to corroboand gin, with which the lower orders rate the conjecture, it may be presumed were then accustomed to indulge, unfet- that the populace determined to support tered by licence or excise." A man with what they called their “ charter,” under tubs of “Right Hollands Geneva, and the colour of the “ Holland” interest, in Anniseed," having a cock in each, is serv- opposition to the civic authorities. The ing a bearded beggar with a wooden-leg scene of uproar always commenced in to a glass, much nearer to the capacity of Cloth-fair, and the present existence of an half a pint, than one of “ three outs of annual custom there, throws some light on the present day; while a woman, with a the matter. At“ the Hand and Shears," pipe in one hand, holds up a full spirit- a public-house in that place, it is the measure, of at least half a pint, to her own usage, at this time, for tailors to assemble share; there is toping from a barrel of the night before the Fair is proclaimed by “Geneva" at another stall; and the pos- the lord mayor. They appoint a chairtures of a couple of oyster-women denote man, and exactly as the clock strikes that the uncivil provocative has raised the twelve, he and his companions, each with retort uncourteous. The visit of sir Ro- a pair of shears in his hand, leave the bert Walpole to this scene might have house, and, in the open street of Clothsuggested to him, that his licence and ex- fair, the chairman makes a speech and cise scheme, afterwards so unpopular, proclaims “ Bartholomew Fair.” As though ultimately carried, would aid á soon as he concludes, every tailor holds reformation of manners.
up and snaps his shears with a shout, and
they retire, shears in hand, snapping and Lady Holland's Mob.
shouting, to the “ Hand and Shears," On the night before the day whereon from whence they came forth ; but the the lord mayor proclaims the Fair, a mob, who await without, to witness the riotous assemblage of persons heretofore ceremony, immediately upon its being disturbed Smithfield and its environs, un- ended, run out into Smithfield, and being der the denomination of “ Lady Holland's joined by others there shout again. This mob.” This multitude, composed of the second assemblage and shouting is called most degraded characters of the metropo- “ the mob proclaiming the Fair ;” and so fis, was accustomed to knock at the doors begins the annual mob, called “ Lady and ring the bells, with loud shouting Holland's mob.” Since 1822, the great and vociferation; and they often com- body have confined their noise to Smithmitted gross outrages on persons and pro- field itself, and their number and disorder perty. The year 1822, was the last year annually decrease. wherein they appeared in any alarming force, and then the inmates of the houses
ORIGIN they assailed, or before which they paradtd, were aroused and kept in terror by their violence. In Skinner-street, especi Bartholomew Fair. ally, they rioted undisturbed until between three and four in the morning : at
About the year 1102, in the reign of one period that morning their number was Henry I., the priory, hospital, and church not less than five thousand, but it varied of St. Bartholomew, in Smithfield, were as parties went off, or came in, to and founded by one Rahere, a minstrel of the from the assault of other places. Their king, and a pleasant witted gentleman.” force was so overwhelming, that the
It seems that Rahere was determined to
patrol and watchmen feared to interfere, this pious work in a fit of sickness, during and the riot continued till they had ex
a pilgrimage he made to Rome agreeably hausted their fury.
to the fashion of the times, when St. Bar It has been supposed that this mob tholomew appeared to him, and required first arose, and has been continued, in him to undertake the work and perform celebration of a verdict obtained by a Mr. it in Smithfield.* Before that time SmithHolland, which freed the Fair from toll; but this is erroneous. “ Lady Holland's
field, or the greater part of it, was called complaints of the violence to the bishop "the Elms," because it was covered with of London, who sent four of them to the elm trees; “ since the which time," saith king at Westminster, but he would neither Stow,“ building there hath so increased hear nor see them. In the mean time, that now remaineth not one tree growing." the city was in an uproar, and the people Smithfield derives its name from its being would have hewed the archbishop into
a plain or smooth field."* Regarding small peeccs," if he had not secretly withRahere's occupation as a minstrel, it may drawn to Lambeth, from whence he went be observed, that minstrels were reciters over to the king, “ with a great complaint of poems, story tellers, performers upon against the canons, whereas himself was musical instruments, and sometimes jug- guilty.”. How the affair ended does not glers and buffoons. Rahere “ofte hawnted appear. the kyng's palice, and amo’ge the noyse Stow says, that “ to this priory king full presse of that tumultuous courte, en- Henry the second granted the priviledge forsed hymselfe with jolite and carnal of a Faire to bee kept yeerly at Bartholo suavite : ther yn spectaclis, yn metys, yn mew-tide, for three daies, to wit, the eve, playes, and other courtely mokkys, and the day, and the next morrow, to the trifyllis intrudyng, he lede forth the besy- which the clothiers of England, and nesse of alle the day.” † It is related of drapers of London repaired, and had their a person in this capacity, that he was em- boothes and standings within the churchployed by a king as a story teller, on pur- yard of this priory, closed in with wals pose to lull him to sleep every night; and gates locked every night, and watched and that the king's requiring him to teli for safety of mens goods and wares; : longer stories, the romancer began one of court of piepowders was daily during the so great length, that he himself fell asleep Faire holden, for debts and coutracts. in the midst of it.t Racine, the French But,” continues Stow, “ potwithstand: poet, was scarcely higher employed when ing all proclamations of the prince, and he was engaged in reading Louis XIV. to also the act of parliament, in place of sleep with « Plutarch's Lives :" to such booths within this church-yard only a king the narratives of the philosophical letten out in the Faire time, and closed biographer were fables.
up all the yeere after) bee many large tery. There was a remarkable visitation Wards Long-lane taken downe, a number of it by Bonifaoe, archbishop of Canter- of tenements are there erected, for such bury, who being received with a procese as will give great rests. sion in a solemn manner, said he did not rainers,” he aads, “ were licensed for require that honour, but came to visit three days, the freemen so long as they them; whereto the canons answered, that would, which was sixe or seren daies." to submit to the visitation of any other This was the origin of Bartholomew Fair
, than their own prelate, the bishop of Lon over which the charter of Henry II. gare don, would be in contempt of his autho. the mayor and aldermen criminal jurisrity; whereupon the archbishop conceiv. diction during its continuance. ing great offence, struck the sub-prior in the face, and “ raging, with oathes not to to which he added many buildings
Bolton was the last prior of this house, bee recited, hee rent" in peeces the rich built the manor of Canonbury, at Isling: cope of the sub-prior, and trode it under ton, which belonged to the canons." In his feete, and thrust him against a pillar 1554, on the dissolution of the religious of the chancell, with such violence that houses, Henry VIII., in consideration of lee had almost killed him.” Then the 10641. 118. 3. granted to Richard Rich, canous dragged off the archbishop with so knt. attorney-general, and chancellor of great force that they threw him backwards, the court of augmentations of the revenues and thus perceived that he was armed, of the crown, the dissolved monastery of and prepared to fight; and the arche priory of St. Bartholomew, and the Close ! ishop's followers falling upon the canons, with the messuages and buildings therein heat and tore them, and trod them under appertaining to the monastery. He also forl, who thereupon ran bleeding with granted to the said Richard Rich, knt
and to the inhabitants of the parish of St
+ Cotton MS • Harl. MS. Strutt