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PREACHING TO FISHES.
say; two of his relics were at Antwerp; a church dedicated to him at Rome was
Lady Morgan describes a picture in famous for his sackcloth, and part of his the Borghese palace at Rome, representpalm coat; the other part of it was exhi- ing St. Anthony preaching to the fishes : bsted at Vienna, and the rest of his body “The salmon look at the preacher with mas so multiplied about, that there were
an edified face, and a cod, with his
upimb-bodes enough for the remains of half a turned eyes, seems anxiously seeking for dozen uncanonized persons. The Romish the new light. The saint's sermon is to church has not made saints of late years.
be had in many of the shops at Rome. BLESSING OF BEASTS.
St. Anthony addresses the fish, 'Dearly On St. Anthony's day, the beasts at
beloved fish;' and the legend adds, that Rome are blessed, and sprinkled with fish bowed to him with profound humility,
at the conclusion of the discourse, holy water. Dr. Forster, in his “ Peren- and a grave and religious countenance. sal Calendar,” remarks, that the early The saint then gave the fish his blessing, Catholics regarded no beasts, birds, or fish, who scudded away to make new converas hateful.” He says, that “ St. Anthony sions,
the missionaries of the main. was particularly solicitous about animals, to which a whimsical picture by Salvator painted in curious old frescos, with the
“ The church of St. Anthony at Rome is Rosa represents him as preaching ;" and he suggests, that “ from his practices, he is drawn blessing the devil, disguised
temptations of the saint. In one picture perhaps, arose the custom of blessings in a cowl; probably at that time passed on animals still practised at Rome; he regarded all God's creatures as worthy
• When the devil was sick, of protection"-except heretics, the doctor
and the devil a monk would be;' might have added ; unless, indeed, which “ the next picture shows, that seems to have been the case, Anthony re • When the devil was well, garded them as “ creatures" of the devil, the devil a monk was he;' between whom, and this saint, we have “for St. Anthony, having laid down in his seen that the Rev. Alban Butler takes coffin to meditate the more securely, a especial care we should not be ignorant parcel of malicious little imps are peeping, of the miraculous conflicts just related. with all sorts of whimsical and terrific
Lady Morgan says, that the annual be- faces, over its edges, and parodying HoDediction of the beasts at Rome, in a garth's enraged musician. One abomichurch there dedicated to St. Anthony, nable wretch blows a post-horn close to lasts for some days : " for not only every the saint's ear, and seems as much deRoman froin the pope to the peasant, who lighted with his own music as a boy with has a horse, a mule, or an ass, sends his
a Jew's-harp, or a solo-player with his cattle to be blessed at St. Anthony's shrine, first ad libitum." but all the English go with their job horses
St. Anthony's sermon to the fish is and favourite dogs; and for the small given in some of our angling books. If offering of a couple of paoli, get them this saint was not the preacher to the fish, sprinkled, sanctified, and placed under but St. Anthony of Padua, the latter has the protection of this saint. Coach after lost the credit of his miraculous exhortcoach draws up, strings of mules mix with ation, from the stupendous reputation of carts and barouches, horses kick, mules his namesake and predecessor. Not to are restive, and dogs snarl, while the offi- risk the displeasure of him of Padua, by ciating, priest comes forward from his the possibility of mistake, without an atIittle chapel, dips a brush into a vase of tempt to propitiate him if it be a mistake, hoły water, sprinkles and prays over the let it be recorded here, that St. Anthony beasts, pockeis the fee, and retires."
of Padua's protection of a Portuguese Dr. Conyers Middleton says, that when regiinent, which enlisted him into its ranks he was at Rome, he had his own horses seven hundred years after his death, proMest for eighteen-pence, as well to satisfy cured him the honour of being promoted his curiosity, as to nnmour his coachman, to the rank of captain, by the king of who was persuaded that some mischance Portugal, as will appear by reference to would be all them in the year, if they had his military certificate set forth a large 2ot the benefit of the benediction. in “ Ancient Mysteries described "
ST. ANTHONY'S FIRE.
lars of the different grammar-schools asSt. Anthɔny's fire is an inflammatory sembled in the churchyard of St. Bartho disease which, in the eleventh century, lomew, Smithfield, and then St. Anthony's raged violently in various parts. Accord scholars commonly were the best, and caring to the legend, the intercession of St. ried the prizes; and that when the boys oi Anthony was prayed for, when it mira- St. Paul's school met with those of Se. culously ceased; and therefore, from that Anthony's, “ they would call them St. time, the complaint has been called St. Anthony's pigs, and they again would Anthony's fire.
call the others pigeons of Paul's; because ST. ANTHONY'S PIG.
many pigeous were bred in Paul's church,
and St. Anthony was always figured with Bishop Patrick, froin the Salisbury a pig following him.” missal and other Romish service-books, 'The seal of St. Anthony's Hospital in cites the supplications to St. Anthony for London was about the size of a halfrelief from this disease. Catholic writers
crown; it represented the saint preaching affirm it to have been cured by the saint's to a numerous congregation, with his pig relics dipped in wine, which proved a beneath him. The Rev. Mr. Orton, rector present remedy. “ Neither,” says Pa- of Raseby in Leicestershire, was supposed trick, who quotes the Romish writers, to have been its possessor by the late Mr.S. “ did this benefit by the intercession of Ayscough, who adds (in the Gent. Mag.) St. Anthony accrue only to men, but to that the hospital of St. Anthony had a grant cattle also; and from hence we are told of all the stray pigs which were not the custom arose of picturing this saint owned. He presumes that, from thence, with a bog at his feet, because, the same originated the emblem of the saint's pig. author (Ăymerus) says, on this animal In this he seems to have been mistaken; God wrought miracles by his servant.” it clearly did not originate in England. i atrick goes on to say, that in honour of Patrick's solution of it is more probable, St. Anthony's power of curing pigs,“ they and very likely to be correct. used in several places to tie a bell about St. Anthony is always represented by the neck of a pig, and maintain it at the the old painters with a pig by his side common charge of the parish," from He is so accompanied in the wood-cut whence came our English proverb of to his life in the Golden Legend. There “ Tantony pig,” or t'Antony, an abridge- are many prints of him, by early masters, ment of the Anthony pig.
in this way. Rubens painted a fine pic“I remember,” says Stow, “ that the ture of the Death of St. Anthony, with officers charged with the oversight of the his pig, or rather a large bacon hog, lying markets in this city did divers times take under the saint's bed: there is a good from the market people, pigs starved, or engraving from this picture by Clouwet. otherwise unwholesome for man's sustenance; these they did slit in the car. One of the proctors for St. Anthony's In the British Mu ere is a MS. (Hospital) tied a bell about the neck, (of with a remarkable anecdote that would one of them,) and let it feed on the dung- form an appendix to St. Anthony's day. hills : no man would hurt or take it The names of the parties are forgotten, up; but if any gave to them bread, or but the particulars, recollected from acciother feeding, such they (the pigs) would dental perusal, are these : know, watch for, and daily follow, whining A tailor was met out of doors by a pertill they had somewhat given them: where son who requested to be measured for a upon was raised a proverb, Such an one suit of clothes, to be ready on that spot will follow such an one, and whine as it by that day week; and the stranger gave were (like) an Anthony pig.' If such a him a.piece of cloth to make them with pig grew to be fat, and came to good From certain circumstances, the tailor siking, (as oftentimes they did,) then the suspected his new customer to be the proctor would take him up to the use of devil, and communicated his conjectures the hospital.
to a clergyman, who advised him to exe St. Anthony's school in London, now cute the order, but carefully to save every gone to decay, was anciently celebrated piece, even the minutest shred he ci for the proficiency of its pupils. Slow from the cloth, and put the whole into a relates, that, in his youth, he annually saw, wrapper with the clothes; he furthe on the eve of St. Bartholomew, the schoć promised the tailor to go with him on thn
s pointed day to the place where they and ladies mob and scramble, and crowd
throne enshrines the real, plain, worm-
eaten, wooden chair, on which St. Peter, from which may be drawn, by way of mo- the prince of the apostles, is said to have ral, that a tailor ought not to take an or- pontificated; more precious than all the der from a stranger without a reference. bronze, gold, and gems, with which it is
hidden, not only froin impious, but from 1:
holy eyes, and which once only, in the January 18. Night of ages, was profaned by mortal in
spection. 81. Peter's Chair at Rome. St. Paul and
“ The sacrilegious curiosity of the Thirty-six Companions in Egypt., St. French broke through all obstacles to Prisca. St. Deicolus. St. Ulfrid. their seeing the chair of St. Peter. They
The Feast of St. Peter's chair is kept actually removed its superb casket, and by the Romish church on this day. Lady discovered the relic. Upon its moulderMorgan says that it is one of the very few ing and dusty surface were traced carvfanctions as they are called (funzioni) ce ings, which bore the appearance of lebrated in the cathedral of St. Peter, at letters. The chair was quickly brought Rome. She briefly describes this cele- into a better light, the dust and cobwebs bration, and says something respecting removed, and the inscription (for an inSt. Peter's chair. “The splendidly dress- scription it was) faithfully copied. The
ed troops that line the pare of the cathe writing is in Arabic characters, and is ! dral, the variety and richness of vestments the well-known confession of Mahometan
which clothe the various church and lay faith,— There is but one God, and Ma
dignitaries, abbots, priests, canons, pre- Homet is his prophet !' It is supposed 1: lates, cardinals, doctors, dragoons, sena- that this chair had been, among the spoils
lors, and grenadiers, which march in pro- of the crusaders, offered to the church cession, complete, as they proceed up the at a time when a taste for antiquarian rast spare of this wondrous temple, a lore, and the deciphering of inscriptions, spectacle nowhere to be equalled within were not yet in fashion. This story has the pale of European civilisation. In the been since hushed up, the chair replaced,
most of swords and crosiers, of halberds and none but the unhallowed remember | and crucifixes, surrounded by banners, the fact, and none but the audacious re
and bending under the glittering tiara of peat it. Yet such there are, even at
This saint's festival stands in the calenbook,) who waft, from plumes of ostrich feathers mounted on ivory wands, a cool- well as in that of the Romish church. ing gale, to refresh his exhausted frame, that she was a Roman, and martyred
Nothing is certainly knowo of her except too fail for the weight of such honours.
about 275. All fall prostrate, as he passes up the etrarch to a small choir and throne, temporarily erected beneath the chair of St. Peter. A solemn service is then per In the London journals of January, formed, hosannas arise, and royal vota- 1824, the following anecdote from a Carrists and diplomatic devotees parade the low paper, bears the above title :-“ A etorch, with guards of honour and run- young lady, who died in this town, had mag Soolmen, while English gentlemen been some time previous to her death
POWERFUL OPTICAL ILLUSION.
attended by a gentleman of the medical eyes on the writing-table, as though it profession. On the evening of her de- chiefly desired to be acquainted with the cease, as this gentleman was sitting in books and papers that lay upon it. The company with a friend of his, and in the writer shui and rubbed his eyes, and act of taking a glass of punch, he ima- again the eyes of the face were intently gined he saw the lady walking into the upon him; watching it, he grasped the room where himself and his friend were candlestick, strode hastily towards the sitting, and, having but a few hours be room door, which is about two feet from fore visited her, and found her in a dying the pane, observed the face as hastily state, the shock that his nerves experi- draw back, unlatched the closet door on enced was so great, that the glass which the landing, was in an instant within the held the punch fell from his hands, and closet, and there to his astonishment found he himself dropped on the floor in a faint- nothing. It was impossible that the pering fit. After he had perfectly recovered son could have escaped from the closet himself, and made inquiry about the lady. before his own foot was at its door, yet he it was ascertained that a few minutes be- examined nearly every room in the house, fore the time the medical gentleman ima- until reflecting that it was folly to seek gined he had seen her in his friend's for what, he was convinced, had no bodily apartment, she had departed this life.” existence, he returned up stairs and went Perhaps this vision may be illustrated by to bed, pondering on thie recollection of others,
ANOTHER SPECTRE. The Editor of the Every-Day Book now To the preceding narative the Editor · telates an appearance to himself. adds an account of a subsequent appari
One winter evening, in 1821, he was tion, which he saw, and for greater ease writing in a back room on an upper floor he writes it in the first person, as follows: of the house No. 45, Ludgate-hill, where In January, 1824, one, whose relationin he now resides. He had been so closely ship commanded my affection, was about engaged in that way and in reading dur. to leave England with his family for a ing several preceding days, that he had distant part of the world. The day or taken every meal alone, and in that room, two preceding his departure I passed nor did he usually go to bed until two or with him and his wife and children. Our three o'clock in the morning. In the separation was especially painful; my early part of the particular evening al mind was distressed, and I got little sleep. luded to, his attention had become wea He had sailed from Gravesend about three ried. After a doze he found himself re- days, and a letter that he had promised freshed, and was writing when the chimes to write from the Downs had not arrived. of St. Paul's clock sounded a quarter to On the evening of the 29th I retired late, two: long before that dead hour all the and being quite wearied slept till an unfamily had retired to rest, and the house usually late hour the next morning, with
ent. A few minutes afterwards out a consciousness of having dreamed, or he moved round his chair towards the being, as I found myself, alone. With fire-place, and opposite to a large pane of my head on the pillow I opened my eyes glass which let the light from the room to an extraordinary appearance. Against into a closet otherwise dark, the door of the wall on the opposite side of the room, which opened upon the landing-place. His and level with my sight, the person, reeye turning upon the glass pane, he was specting whom I had been so anxious, lay amazed by the face of a man anxiously a corpse, extended at full length, as if restwatching him from the closet, with knit ing on a table. A greyish cloth covered inquiring brows. The features were pro- the entire body except the face; the eyes minent and haggard, and, though the look were closed, the countenance was cadawas somewhat ferocious, it indicated in- verous, the mouth elsgated from the tense curiosity towards the motions of the falling of she jaws, and the lips were writer, rather than any purpose of imme- purpled. I shut my eyes, rubbed them diate mischief to him. The face seemed and gently raising my head continued to somewhat to recede with a quick motion gaze on the body, till from weariness of when he first saw it, but gazing on it with the attitude and exhausted spirits, I great earnestuess it appeared closer to the dropped on the pillow, and insensibly glass, looking at him for a moment, and sunk to sleep, for perhaps a quarter of an then with more eager ai.xiety bending its hour. On again awaking, the spectre was
met there. I then arose, and having men- he and his family were at the place of tioned the circumstance to some of my their destination. This spectral appear family, caused a memorandum to be made ance therefore at Ludgate-Hill, between of what I had seen. In the course of the eight and nine o'clock of the morning on
forencon a person arrived who had gone the 30tn of January, was no indication o. I round with the vessel to the Downs, from his death, nor would it have been had he
whence he had been put ashore the morn- died about that time, although the co. ing before, and saw the ship in full sail. ircidence of the apparition and his deHe was the bearer of the letter I had ex- cease would have been remarkable. The pected from the individual aboard, whose case at Carlow only differs from the case appearance I had witnessed only a few at Ludgate-hill by the decease of the hours previous to its being put into my lady having been coeval with her spectral hands; it of course relieved do apprehen- appearance to the gentleman who was
son that might have been excited by the depressed by her illness. The face which 1 recent spectre.
the writer saw looking at him from a “That the dead are seen no more," closet in the dead of night was no likesad Imlac, “ I will not undertake to ness of any one he knew, and he saw | Dantain against the concurrent and un- each spectre when his faculties had been
ranied testimony of all ages and of all na- forced beyond their healthful bearing. uons. There is no people, rude or learn- Under these circumstances, his eyesignt ed, among whom apparitions of the dead was not to be trusted, and he refuses to are not related and believed. This opi- admit it, although the spectres were so nion, which, perhaps, prevails as far as extraordinary, and appeared under such human nature is diffused, could become circumstances that probably they will universal only by its truth; those, that never be forgotten. never heard of one another, would never have agreed in a tale which nothing
but Coupled with the incidents just related, Experience can make credible. That the death of the king of Naples in Jait is doubted by single cavillers can nuary 1825, which was first announced Fery little weaken the general evidence, in the News” Sunday paper on the 16th and some who deny it with their tongues of the month, recalls the recollection of confess it by their fears."
a singular_circumstance in the bay of No man is privileged to impugn the Naples. The fact and the facts preceding koowledge of existences which others it are related by Dr. Southey in his “ Life
bave derved from their experience; but of Nelson." Having spoken of Nelson's | be who sees, without assenting to reali- attachment to lady Hamilton, and his
ties, audaciously rejects positive proof to weariness of the world, Dr. Southey prohimself, where presumptive testimony ceeds thus : would be satisfactory to most : he daringly “ Well had it been for Nelson if he
falsifies wbat he knows to be indubita- had made no other sacrifices to this un!bły true, and secret convictions belie the happy attachment than his peace of #shameless hardihood of pretended incre- mind; but it led to the only blot upon i deluy. Tiese, it is presumed, would be his public character. While he sailed
the sentiments of the great author of from Palermo, with the intention of colRasselas, upon the expression of dis- lecting his whole force, and keeping off belief in him who had witnessed spectral Maretimo, either to receive reinforceappearances; and yet the writer of these ments there, if the French were bound pages, with a personal knowledge upon upwards, or to hasten to Minorca, if that the subject, declines to admit that know- should be their destination, capt. Foote, ledge as good evidence. He would say in the Seahorse, with the Neapolitan Estruly were he to affirm, that when he frigates and some small vessels under his
saw the corpse-like form, and for some command, was left to act with a land | time afterwards, he had no misgivings as force consisting of a few regular troops,
1o the safety of his friend. It was not of four different nations, and with the until a lapse of six months that the armed rabble which cardinal Ruffo called sessel was reported to have touched at a the Christian army. His directions were tertain port in good condition, and this to cooperate to the utmost of his power
as followed by a letter from the indivi- with royalists, at whose head Ruffo had qual himself, wherein be affirmed his been placed, and he had no other instruc good bealth; he subsequently wrote, that tions włatever. Ruffc advancing with.