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the line Paggington's-pound; and the Pie Holme, in his heraldic language, says pouldres, or Pie Powder Court.
of this representation, “ He beareth gules Arsedine.
a man passant, his shirt or shift turned up This is also cailed arsadine, and some
to his shoulder, breeches and hose azure, umes orsden, and is said to be a colour. cap and shoes sable, bearing on his back Mr. Archdeacon Nares says, that ac
a bread basket full of fruits and herbs, and cording to Mr. Lysons, in his “ Environs
a staff in his left hand, or. This may be of Loodon," and Mr. Gifford in his note
termed either a hurter or a gardiner, havon this passage, it means orpiment or ing his fruits and herbs on his back from yellow arsenic. The archdeacon in giv- the market. This was a fit crest for the ing these two authorities, calls the word company of Fruiterers or Huxters." a “ vulgar corruption" of " arsenic:" but This man is a costard-morger in Mı. arsenic yields red, as well as yellow orpi- Archdeacon Nares's view of the term; for ment, and both these colours are used in doubtless the huckster pitched his load in the getting up of shows. Possibly it is the market and sold it there; yet Holme an Anglo-Saxon word for certain pig- does not give him that denomination, as ments, obtained from minerals and metals:
he would have done if he had so regarded the ore ore or ora is pure Saxon, and him; he merely calls him “the hutler or pluralizes ores ; to die in the sense of huxter.” dying, or colouring, is derived from the Saxon deaz or deah. The conjecture may
Packington's Pound. be worth a thought perhaps, for dramatic
Concerning the air of this old song, exhibitions were in use when the Anglo- consulted. The tune may also be found
“ Hawkins's History of Music” may be Saxon was used. Costermonger.
in the “Beggar's Opera,” adapted to the This is a corruption of costard-monger;
words—" The gamesters united in friendBen Jonson uses it both ways, and it is ship are found.* noticed of his costermonger by Mr. Archdeacon Nares, that “he cries only pears."
Court of Pie Powder That gentleman rightly defines a costard
This is the lowest, and at the same monger, or cocter-monger, to be “ a seller time the most expeditious, court of justice of cpples ;" he auds, “one generally who known to the law of England. It is a kept a stall.” He says of costard, that, court of record incident to every fair and "as a species of apple, it is enumerated market; its jurisdiction extends to ad with others, but it must have been a very minister justice for all commercial injuries common sort, as it gave a name to the done in that very fair or market, and not dealers in apples." "In this supposition in any preceding one; and to every fair Mr. Nares is correct; for it was not only and market, the steward of him who a very common sort, but perhaps, after
owns the toll is the judge.
The injury, the crab, it was our oldest sort: there therefore, must be done, complained of, were three kinds of it, the white, red, and and redressed, within the compass of one grey costard. That the costard-monger, and the same day, unless the fair conaccording to Mr. Nares, “ generally kept a
tinues longer. It has cognizance of all stall," "and that they were general fruit- matters of contract that can possibly arise sellers," he unluckily has not corrobo- within the precinct of that fair or market ; rated by an authority; although from his and the plaintiff must make oath that constant desire to be accurate, and his the cause of an action arose there. This general accuracy, the assertions are to be
to have arisen from the regarded with respect.
Randle Holme necessity of doing justice expeditiously, gives this figure of
among persons resorting from distant places to a fair or market, without leaving them to the remedy of an inferior court, which might not be able to serve its process, or execute its judgments on both, or perhaps either of the parties; and therefore without such a court as this, the complaint must necessarily have resorted to, in the first instance, some superior judicature. It is said to be calied the
* Mr. Nares's Glosary.
borne equally by the various powers of are brought to the porter's service in his rishes, namely, Christ Church, Great and are now hung full of pictures. It is no markable and worth your coservation to
knave in a foole's coate, with a trumpet THE EVERY-DAY BOOK, SEPTEMBER 5. court of pie-poudre, curia pedis pulveri- that is, a variety of fancies fardelled or zati, from the dusty feet of the suitors; or, packed together in a bundle or burthen as sir Edward Coke says, because justice
“ Fancies" was a name for pleasant is there done as speedily as dust can fall ballads, or poetical effusions ;—and hence, from the feet : but' Blackstone, who says because Orlando “hangs odes upon thus much of this court, inclines to the hawthorns, and elegies on brambles, all, opinion of Daines Barrington, who, de forsooth, deifying the name of Rosalind," rives it from pied puldreaux, (a pedlar, in she calls him a “ fancy monger. old French,) and says, it signifies, there
The Porter. fore, the court of such petty chapmen as resort to fairs or markets.
It is to be noted too, that a poiter is Courts similar to pie-powder courts clearly described by Holme. “ He beareth were usual both with Greeks and Romans, vert, a porter carrying of a pack, argent, who introduced fairs into Germany and corked, sable; cloathed in tawney, cap the north.*
and shoes sable. This is the badge and cognizance of all porters and carriers of burthens;" but that there may be no mis take, he adds, “ they have ever a leather girdle abont them, with a strong rope at two or three fouldings hanging thereat, which they have in readiness to bind the burdens to their backs whensoever called
thereunto." The Pedlar. This is his figure from Randle Holme, who describes him thus:-“He beareth argent, a crate carrier, with a crate upon did not exist in Randle Holme's time
The Porter's Knot, now used, staffe in his left hand; hat and shoes sable. This subsequent invention consists of a He observes, that this is also termed a strong filet to encircle the head, attached pedlar
and his pack,” and be carefully of the shoulders, whereon it rests, and is notes that the difference between a porter of height sufficient to bear
thereon a buong and a pedlar consists in this, that “the porter's pack reacheth over his head and
or heavy load of any kind, wlich, by so answerable below; but the pedlar's is and shoulders; the weight thereof being
means of this knot, is carried on the bead a small truss, bundle, or fardel, not exfigure." Every reader of Shakspeare knows the word “fardel :"
no muscles are distressed, but the whole -"Who would fardels bear labour of carrying. To groan and sweat under a weary life," &c.
Fardei means a burden, or bundle, or pack, and "s0 Holme has called the ped-tract printed in 1641, under that side
“Bartholomew Faire," a rare quarto lar's pack. The word is well known in states
, that “Bartholomew
Faire begins og chat sense to those acquainted with our earlier language. An Act of common
the twenty-fourth day of August, and 19 council of the first of August, 1554, tained in no lesse than four several pop
then of so vast an extent, thai it is conagainst “ Abnses offered to Pauls," reothers, were accustomed to make their chres. Hither resort people of all sorts common carriage of “fardels of stuffe
, and conditions." Christ
Church cloister and other grosse wares and things thorow the cathedrall church of Saint Pauls," book entitled, “a Fardel of Fancies ;" benfused a noise in the Faire. Here, der
punding, or on a drumme beating, invites
Roast Pig. vou to see his puppets: there, a rogue I like a wild woodman, or in an antick
" A power-cropped in its prime. strape like an Incubus, desires your com
Ella, author of the incomparable vopany to view his motion : on the other lume of “Essays,” published " under that side, Hocus Pocus, with three yards of name," by Messrs. Taylor and Hessey, tape, or ribbin, in's hand, shewing his art indulges in a “ Dissertation upon Roast of legerdemaine, to the admiration and Pig." He cites a Chinese MSto estabastonishment of a company of cocko- lish its origin, when flesh was eaten coaches. Amongst these, you shall see a uncooked, and affirms that “the period is gray Goose-cap, (as wise as the rest,) with not obscurely hinted at by the great a what do ye lacke in his mouth, stand in Confucius, in the second chapter of his his boothe, shaking a rattle, or scraping Mundane Mutations, where he designates on a fiddle, with which children are so a kind of golden age by the term Chotaken, that they presentlie cry out for fang, literally the cooks' holiday." He these fopperies : and all these together premises “ broiling to be the elder bromake such a distracted noise, that you ther of roasting,” and relates on the auwould thinck Babell were not comparable thority of the aforesaid MS. that “ roast to it. Here there are also your gamesters pig” “ was accidentally discovered in the in action : some turning of a whimsey, manner following”-viz. others throwing for pewter, who can
“The swine-herd, Ho-ti, having gone out quickly dissolve a round shilling into a into the woods one morning, as his manthree halfepeny saucer. Long-lane at this ner was, to collect mast for his hogs, left time looks very faire, and puts out her his cottage in the care of his eldest son best cloaths, with the wrong side out- Bo-bo, a great lubberly boy, who, being ward, so turn'd for their better turning fond of playing with fire, as younkers of off: and Cloth Faire is now in great his age commonly are, let some sparks request: well fare the ale-houses therein, escape into a bundle of straw, which, yet better may a man fare, (but at a dearer kindling quickly, spread the conflagration rate,) in the pig-market, alias Pasty. over every part of their poor mansion, till Nooke, or Pye-Corner, where pigges are it was reduced to ashes. Together with al houres of the day on the stalls piping the cottage (a sorry antediluvian makehot
, and would cry, (if they could speak,) shift of a building, you may think it), come eate me.'
what was of much more importance, a
fine litter of new-farrowed pigs, no less Pye Corner.
than nine in number, perished. China This is the place wherein Ben Jonson's pigs have been esteemed a luxury all over Littlewit, the proctor, willed that his wife the east from the remotest periods that Wio-the-fight should not eat Bartholomew we read of. Bo-bo was in the utmost pig : " Long to eat of a pig, sweet Win, consternation, as you may think, not so i'the Fair; do you see ? i' the heart o' the much for the sake of the tenement, which Fair; not at, Pye-corner.”
his father and he could easily build up “Pye-corner was so called” says Dr. again with a few dry branches, and the (James) Howel, “ of such a sign, some
labour of an hour or two, at any time, as times a fair Inne, for receipt of travellers, for the loss of the pigs. While he was but now devided into tenements.” It thinking what he should say to his father, was at Pye-corner as observed before, and wringing his hands over the smoking that the Fire of London ended: the remnants of one of those untimely sufferhouses that escaped were taken down in ers, an odour assailed his nostrils, unlike October, 1809, and upon their site other any scent which he had before experidwelling-houses have been erected, toge- enced. What could it proceed from ?ther with an engine-house, belonging to not from the burnt cottage-he had smelt the Hope Fire Assurance company, where that smell before-indeed this was by no it stands at present (in 1825). It was means the first accident of the kind which estimated in the year 1732, that “the had occurred through the negligence of number of sucking pigs then annually this unlucky young fire-brand. Much consumed in this city, (of London) amount- less did it resemble that of any known ed to fifty-two thousand +."
herb, weed, or flower. A premonitory • Smith's Anc. Top. of London.
moistening at the same time overflowed his aether lip. He knew not what to
think. He next stooped down to feel the couple of abominable wretches, who could pig, if there were any signs of life in it. think of improving upon the good meat He burnt his fingers, and to cool them he which God had sent them. Nevertheless, applied them in his booby fashion to his strange stories got about. It was obmouth. Some of the crums of the scorched served that Holi's cottage was burnt skin had come away with his fingers, and down now more frequently than ever. for the first time in tis life (in the world's Nothing but fires from this time forward. life indeed, for before him no man had Some would break out in broad day, known it), he tasted-crackling! Again others in the night-time. As often as the he felt and fumbled at the pig. It did sow farrowed, so sure was the house of not burn him so much now, still he licked Ho-ti to be in a blaze; aud Ho-ti himself, his fingers from a sort of habit. The which was the more remarkable, instead truth at length broke into his slow under- of chastising his son, seemed to grow standing, that it was the pig that smelt more indulgent to him than ever. At so, and the pig that tasted so delicious; length they were watched, the terrible and, surrendering himself up to the news mystery discovered, and father and sou born pleasure, he fell to tearing up whole summoned to take their trial at Pekin, sandfuls of the scorched skin with the then an inconsiderable assize town. Eviflesh next it, and was cramming it down dence was given, the obnoxious food his throat in his beastly fashion, when his itself produced in court, and verdict about sire entered amid the smoking rafters, to be pronounced, when the foreman of armed with a retributory cudgel, and find the jury begged that some of the burnt ing how affairs stood, began to rain blows pig, of which the culprits stood accused, upon the young rogue's shoulders as might be handed into the box. He han. thick as hailstones, which Bo-bo heeded dled it, and they all handled it, and not any more than if they had been flies. burning their fingers, as Bo-bo and bis The tickling pleasure, which he experi- father had done before them, and nature enced in his lower regions, had rendered prompting to each of them the same him quite callous to any inconveniences he remedy, against the face of all the facis
, might feel in those remote quarters. His and the clearest charge which judge had father might lay on, but he could not beat ever given, to the surprise of the whole him from his pig."
court, townsfolk, strangers, reporters, and Bo-bo in the afternoon, regardless of all present—without leaving the bos, or his father's wrath, and with his “scent any manner of consultation whatever, wonderfully sharpened since morning, they brought in a simultaneous verdict of soon raked out another pig, and fairly Not Guilty. rending it asunder, thrust the lesser half by main force into the fists of Ho-ti, still winked at the manifest iniquity of the
“ The judge, who was a shrewd felica, shouting out, “ Eat, eat, eat, the burnt pig, decision; and, when the court was disa father; only taste-0 Lord !'—with such missed, went privily, and bought like barbarous ejaculations, cramming
all the pigs that could be had for love on the while as if he would choke.” The money. In a few days his lordstup's narrative relates, that “ Ho-ti trembled town house was observed to be on fire
. erery joint while he grasped the abom- The thing took wing, and now there was inable thing, wavering whether he should nothing to be seen but fires in every direc not put his son to death for an unnatural tion. Fuel and pigs grew enormonsly young monster, when the crackling scorch- dear all over the districe. The insurance ing his fingers, as it had done his
, offices one and all shut up shop, People and applying the same remedy to them built slighter and slighter every day, until he in his turn tasted some of its favour, it was feared that the very science of which, make what sour mouths he would architecture would in no long time be for a pretence, proved not altogether
dis- lost to the world. Thus this custom of pleasing to him. In conclusion, (for the firing houses continued, till in process of manuscript here is a little tedious,) both time, says my manuscript, a sage arose, father and son fairly set down to the mess, like our Locke,
who made a discovery
, and never left off till they had despatched that the Aesh of swine, or indeed of any all that remained of the little.
other animal, might be cooked (bural, as ! “ Bo-bo was strictly enjoined not to they called it.) without the necessity of let the secret escape, for the neighbours consuming a whole house to dress would certainly have stoned them for a They first began the rude form of a good
irog. Roasting by the string, or spit, his memory is odoriferous - no clown came in a century or two later, I forget in curseth, while his stomach half rejec-eth, wbose dynasty. By such slow degrees, the rank bacon-no coalheaver bolteth concludes the manuscript, do the most him in reeking sausages—he hath a fair useful, and seemingly the most obvious sepulchre in the grateful stomach of the arts, make their way among mankind." judicious epicure—and for such a tomb
ELIA maintains, that of all the delica- might be content to die.” cies in the whole eatable world, “ roast
Elia further allegeth of “pig,” that pig” is the most delicate.-" I speak,” the weakling refuseth not his mild juices
“ the strong man may batten on him, and things between pig and pork—those hob- He is—good throughout. No part of hin, bydeboys—but a young and tender suck. is better or worse than another. He ling—under a moon old-guiltless as yet helpeth, as far as his little means extend, of the sty,” with “ his voice as yet not all around. He is the least envious of broken, but something between a childish banquets. He is all neighbours' fare." treble and a grumble—the mild fore
“ I am one of those," continueth ELIA, runner, or præludium, of a grunt.
“ who freely and ungrudgingly impart a * He must be roasted. I am not igno- fall to their lot (few as mine are in this
share of the good things of this life which rant that our ancestors ate them seethed, kind) to a friend. I protest, I take as or boiled—but what a sacrifice of the
great an interest in my friend's pleasures. exterior tegument!
his relishes, and proper satisfactions, as “There is no flavour comparable, I will in mine own. Presents,' I often sany contend, to that of the crisp, tawny, well. • endear absents.' Hares, pleasants watched, not over-roasted crackling, as it partridges, suipes, barn-door chickens is well called—the very teeth are invited to those * tame villatic fowl'), capons, plo their share of the pleasure at this banquet vers, brawn, barrels of oysters, I dispense in overcoming the coy, brittle resistance
as freely as I receive them. I love to with the adhesive oleaginous–O call it taste them, as it were, upon the tongue not fat - but an indefinable sweetness of my friend. But a stop must be put growing up to it—the tender blossoming somewhere. One would not like Lear, of fat-fat cropped in the bud-taken in 'give every thing.' I make my stand the shoot-in the first innocence—the
upon pig. cream and quintessence of the child-pig's " I remeinber an hypothesis, argue. yet pure food—the lean, no lean, but a upon by the young students, when I was kind of animal manna-or, rather fat and at St. Omer's, and maintained with much lean (if it must be so) so blended and learning and pleasantry on both sides, running into each other, that both toge Whether, supposing that the flavour of ther make but one ambrosial result, or a pig who obtained his death by whipping common substance.
(per flagellationem extremam) superadded “Behold him while he is doing—it a pleasure upon the palate of a man seemeth rather a refreshing warmth, than
inore intense than any possible suffering a scorching heat, that he is so passive to.
we can conceive in the animal, is man How equally he twirleth round the string! justified in using that method of putting -Now he is just done. To see the ex the animal to death ?' I forget the decitreme sensibility of that tender age, he sion. hath wept out his pretty eyes—radiant “ His sauce should be considered. jellies—shooting stars.
Decidedly, a few bread crums, done up “See him in the dish, his second cradle, with his liver and brains, and a dash of how meek he lieth !-wouldst thou have mild sagę But banish, dear Mrs. Cook, had this innocent grow up to the gross- I beseech you, the whole onion tribe! ness and indocility which too often ac
Barbacue your whole hogs to your perala, company maturer swinehood ? Ten to one steep them in shallots, stuff them out with he would have proved a glutton, a sloven, plantations of the rank and guilty Kutit an obstinate, disagreeable animal-wal- you cannot poison thein, or lowing in all manner of filthy conver- stronger than they are but de les sation from these sins he is happily is a weakling-a tower."
Ere sin could blight, or sorrow fade,