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face of this kind happened, when the 1573, and by the plague in 1624 and ety of Delft was destroyed by an explo- 1635, in which year 15,000 of the inhason of gunpowder in 1654; a child, a bitants were carried off within six months year old, was found two days afterwards In 1415 a convent was burnt, and most of sacking an apple
, and sitting under a the nuns perished in the flames. An exteam, with just space left for its body. plosion of gunpowder, in 1481, destroyed Two others at a little distance were in the council-chamber when full of people, their cradles quite safe. At that time and killed most of the magistrates. almost the whole of Delft was destroyed. The misfortunes of this city have be
Leyden is as large a city, but not so come proverbial, and its very name has populous
, as Rotterdam, the second city given rise to a pun. “Leyden" is “ Lijis Holland. U'pwards of two hundred den;" Leyden, the name of the city, and boruses were overthrown on this occasion, Lijden, (to suffer,) have the same pronunbesides eburches and public buildings ; ciation in the Dutch language. the Stadt, or town-house , was among the
The chirp of the crickets from the kitOne hundred and fifty-one dead bodies chen chimney breaks the silence of still were taken from the ruins, besides many evenings in the winter. They come from ehat died after. Upwards of two thou- the crevices, when the house is quiet, to mand were wounded more or less danger- the warm hearth, and utter their shrill ously. It is remarkable that none of the monotonous notes, to the discomfiture of students of the university were either the nervous, and the pleasure of those killed or wounded, though they all lodge who have sound minds in sound bodies. in diferent parts of the city, or wherever This insect and the grasshopper are agreethey please. Contributions were imme- ably coupled in a pleasing sonnet. The diately began, and large sums raised. “ summoning brass” it speaks of, our The king of Holland gave 30,000 gilders, country readers well know, as an allusion and the queen 10,000 ; a very large sum to the sounds usually produced from some was collected in London.
kitchen utensil of metal to assist in swarmLeyden suffered dreadfully by siege in ing the bees :--
To the Grasshopper and the Crichei.
Catching your heart up at the feel of June,
With those who think the candles come too soon,
One to the fields, the other to the hearth,
At your clear hearts; and both were sent on earth
In doors and out, summer and winter, Mirth. L. Hunt.
ture, an orator, a poet, wrote against the
Arians, was banished for his orthodoxy, CAMBRIDGE LExt Term begins. but returned to his see, worked miracles, 8. Veronica of Milan. St. Kentigern. and died on the 13th of January, 368. St. Hilary.
Ribadeneira says, that in a certain island, The festival of St. Hilary is not, at uninhabitable by reason of venemous this time, observed by the Romish church serpents, they fled from his holiness; that until to-morrow, but it stands in old ca- he put up a stake as a boundary, comlendars, and in Randle Holmes's Herald. manding them not to pass it, and they 19, on this day, whereon it is also placed obeyed; that he raised a dead child to in the English calendar. Butler says, he life, prayed his daughter to death, and was born at Poictiers, became bishop of did other astonishing things; especially that city, was a commeotator on Scrip- after his decease when two merchants
at their own cost and by way of venture, time and harvest, the long vacation beoffered an image at his shrine, but as one tween Midsummer and Michaelmas. begrudged the cost of his share, St. Each term is denominated from the Hilary caused the image to divide from festival day immediately preceding its top to bottom, while being offered, keep- commencement; hend
we have the terms ing the one half, and rejecting the nig- of St. Hilary, Easter, the Holy Trinity, gard's moiety. The Golden Legend says, and St. Michael. that St. Hilary also obtained his wife's There are in each term stated days death by his prayers; and that pope Leo, called dies in banco, (days in bank,) that who was an Arian, said to him, “ Thou is, days of appearance in the court of art Hilary the cock, and not the son of a common bench. They are usually about hen;" whereat Hilary said, “I am no a week from each other, and have refercock, but a bishop in France;" then said ence to some Romish festival. All orithe pope,
“ Thou art Hilary Gallus (sig- ginal writs are returnable on these days, vifying a cock) and I am Leo, judge of and they are therefore called the return the papal see;" whereupon Hilary re- days. plied, " If thou be Leo tbou art not (a The first return in every term is, prolion) of the tribe of juaa." After this perly speaking, the first day of the railing the pope died, and Hilary was term. For instance, the octave of St. comforted.
Hilary, or the eighth day, inclusive, after St. Veronica.
the saint's feast, falls on the 20th of JaShe was a nun, with a desire to live nuary, because his feast is on the 13th of always on bread and water, died in 1497,
January. On the 20th, then, the court sits and was canonized, after her claim to
to take essoigns, or excuses for non-apsanctity was established to the satisfac- pearance to the writ; “but,” says Blacktion of his holiness pope Leo X.
stone, as our ancestors held it bepeath
the condition of a fieeman to appear or St. Kentigern.
to do any thing at the precise time apHe was bishop of Glasgow, with juris- pointed," the person summoned has three diction in Wales, and, according to But- days of grace beyond the day named in ler, “ favoured with a wonderful gift of the writ, and if he appear on the fourth miracles.” Bishop Patrick, in his “ De- day inclusive it is sufficient. Therefore votions of the Romish Church,” says, at the beginning of each term the court “St. Kentigern had a singular way of does not sit for despatch of business till kindling fire, which I could never have the fourth, or the appearance day, which hit upon.” Being in haste to light can is in Hilary term, for instance, on the dles for vigils, and some, who bore a 23d of January. In Trinity term it does spite to him, having put out all the fire not sit till the fifth day; because the in the monastery, he snatched the green fourth falls on the great Roman catholic | bough of an hazel , blessed it, blew upon festival of Corpus Christi
. The first apit, the bough produced a great flame, and pearance day therefore in each term is he lighted his candles:
called the first day of the term; and the may conjecture," says Patrick, “ that court sits till the quarto die post, or ap, tinder-boxes are of a later invention than pearance day of the last return, or end of St. Kentigern's days.”
In each term there is one day whereon
the courts do not transact business; Term is derived from Terminus, the namely, on Candlemas day, in Hilary heathen god of boundaries, landmarks, term; on Ascension day, in Easter term; and limits of time. In the early ages of on Midsummer day, in Trinity term; Christianity the whole year was one con and on All Saints' day, in Michaelmas tinued term for hearing and deciding term. These are termed Grand days in causes ; but after the establishment of the inns of court; and Gaudy days at the Romish church, the daily dispensa- the two universities; they are observed tion of justice was prohibited by canoni as Collar days at the king's court of Si cal authority, that the festivals might be James's, for on these days, knights wear kept holy.
the collars of their respective orders Advent and Christmas occasioned the winter vacation; Lent and Easter the An old January journal contains a repring ; Pentecost the third ; and hay- markable anecdote relative to the deccase
66 whence we
THE LAW TERMS.
a M. Foscue, one of the farmers-geve- The wind unsteady veers arouna,
The glow-worms num'rous, clear and bright,
Nlum'd the dewy hill last night. considerable sum : as an excuse for not
At dusk the squalid toad was seen,
Like quadruped, stalk o'er the green.
And seem precipitate to fall,
The tender colts on back do lie,
Nor beed the traveller passing by.
. On searching farther, they
January 14. ed. It is supposed, that, whe
he had OXFORD LENT Term begins. Estered his case, the door had by some St. Hilary. Sts. Felix. Sts. Isaias and accident shat after him; and thus being
Sabbas. St. Baróasceminus, &c. Oct of the call of any person, he perished hot want of food, in the midst of his terwards a priest, was, according to
St. Felix of Nola, an exorcist, and aftreasure.
Butler and Ribadeneira, a great miracu- .
list. He lived under Decius, in 250; SIGNS OF FOUL WEATHER.
being fettered and dungeoned in a cell, The kollow winds begin to blow;
covered with potsherds and broken glass, The clouds look black, the glass is low;
a resplendeni angel, seen by the saint The sunt falls down, the spaniels sleep:
alone, because to him only was he sent, 1 sd spiders from their cobrebs peep.
freed him of his chains and guided him Last night the man went pale to bed; The moon in halos hid her head.
to a mountain, where bishop Maximus,
aged and frozen, lay for dead, whcm Toe boding shepherd heaves a sigh,
Felix recovered by praying; for, straightist
, see, a rainbow spans the sky.
way, he saw a bramble bear a bunch of | Cheld is the pink-ey'd pimpernel
grapes, with the juice whereof he reHart! how the chairs and tables crack,
covered the bishop, and taking him on his
back carried him home to his diocese. Old Betty's joints are on the rack : Her eru with shooting pains torment ber,
Being pursued by pagans, he fled to Aed to her bed untimely send her.
some ruins and crept through a hole in Lood quack the ducks, the sea fowl cry, the wall, which spiders closed with their The distent kills are looking nigh.
webs before the pagans got up to it, and How restless are the snorting swine! there lay for six months miraculously The burg fics disturb the kine.
sapported. According to the Legend, his
CHRONOLOGY. | Sita wizing o'er her whiskerid jaws.
The make from chimneys righe ascends In January, 1784, died suddenly in
Crisp, esg., a relation of the celebrated Decius to a cavern, near which grew a sir Nicholas Crisp. There was a remark- palm-tree, that supplied him with leaves able singularity in the character of this for clothing, and fruit for food, till he was gentleman. He was a bachelor, had forty-three years of age; after which he was been formerly a broker in 'Change-alley, daily fed by a raven-till he was ninety, and many years since had retired from and then died. St. Anthony, in his old business, with an easy competency: His age, being tempted by vanity, imagined daily amuseinent, for fourteen years before, himself the first hermit, till the contrary was going from London to Greenwich, was revealed to him in a dream, wherefore, and immediately returning from thence, the next morning, he set out in search in the stage; for which he paid regularly of St. Paul. “St. Jerome relates from L27 a year. He was a good-humoured, his authors,” says Butler, “that he met a obliging, and facetious companion, al- centaur, or creature, not with the nature ways paying a particular attention, and and properties, but with something of the a profusion of compliments, to the la- mixt shape of man and horse ; and that dies, especially to those who were agree- this monster, or phantom of the devil, able. He was perpetually projecting (St. Jerome pretends not to determine some little schemes for the benefit of the which it was,) upon his making the sign of public, or, to use his own favourite the cross, Aed away, after pointing out maxim, pro bono publico; he was the in- the way to the saint. Our author (St. stitutor of the Lactarium in St. George's Jerome) adds, that St. Anthony soon after Fields, and selected the Latin mottoes for met a satyr, who gave him to understand the facetious Mrs. Henniver, who got a that he was an inhabitant of those deserts, little fortune there. He projected the and one of the sort whom the deluded mile and half stones round London ; and gentiles adored for gods." Ribadeteased the printers of newspapers into neira describes this satyr as with writhed the plan of letter-boxes. He was re- nostrils, two little horns on his forehead, markably humane and benevolent, and, and the feet of a goat. After two days' without the least ostentation, performed search, St. Anthony found St. Paul, and a many generous and charitable actions, raven brought a loaf, whereupon they which would have dignified a more am took their corporal refection. The next ple fortune.
morning, St. Paul told him he was going to die, and bid him fetch a cloak given to
St. Anthony by St. Athanasius, and wrap A suppliant to your window comes,
his body in it. St. Anthony then knew, Who trusts your faith, and fears no guile : that St. Paul must have been informed of He claims admittance for your cruinbs, the cloak by revelation, and went forth
And reads his passport in your smile. from the desert to fetch it; but before his For cold and cheerless is the day,
return, St. Paul had died, and St. Anthony Aud he has sought the hedges round;
found' two lions digging his grave with No berry hangs upon
their claws, wherein he buried St. Paul, Nor worm, nor ant-egg, can be found. first wrapping him in St. Athanasius's Secure his suit will be preferred,
cloak, and preserving, as a great treasure,
St. Paul's garment, made of palm-tree No fears his slender feet deter; For sacred is the household bird
leaves, stitched together. How St.Jerome, That wears the scarlet stomacher.
in his conclusion of St. Paul's life, praises Charlotte Smith,
this garment, may be seen in Ribadeneira.
A writer, who signs himself “ Crito" in St. Paul, the first Hermit. St. Maurus. the “ Truth Teller," No. 15, introduces us
St. Main. St. John, Calybite. St. 1si to an honest enthusiast, discoursing to his dore. St. Bonitus. St. Ita, or Mida hearers on the snow-drop of the season, St. Paul, A. D. 342.
and other offerings from Flora, to the rollThe life of St. Paul, the first hermit, is ing year. “ Picture to your imagination, a said, by Butler, to have been written by poor, dirty' mendicant, of the order of St. St. Jerome in 365, who received an ac- Francis, who had long prayed and fasted count of it from St. Anthony and others. in his sanctuary, and long laboured in bis According to him, when twenty-two years garden, issuing out on the morning of his old, St. Paul fled from the persecution of first pilgrimage, without money and with
THE WINTER ROBIN
cot provisions, clad in his mantle and and have conrerted to your use and bebood, like a sad votarist in palmer's nefit. Mindfui also of the pious festivals seeds; and thus, and in these words, which our church prescribes, I have takzag lease of the poor flock who sived sought to mal e these charming objeots of focad his gothic habitation. Fellow- floral nature, the timepieces of my
es, I owe you nothing, and I give you religious calendar, and the mementos of 2; you neither paid me tithe nor rent, the hastening period of my mortality. yet I have bestowed on you food and Thus I can light the taper to our Virgin clothing in poverty, medicine in sickness, Mother on the blowing of the white snowod spiritual counsel in adversity. That drop, wbich opens its floweret at the time I bigat do all these things, I have de- of Candlemas; the lady's smock and the sated my life in the seclusion of those daffodil remind me of the Annunciation ; referable walls
. There I have consulted the blue harebell, of the festival of St. the scred books of our church for your George; the ranunculus, of the Invention spiritual instruction and the good of your of the Cross; the scarlet lychnis, of St. souls; to clothe you, I have sold the em- John the Baptist's day; the white lily, teosdered garment
, and have put on the of the Visitation of our Lady; and the laba of mendicity
. In the intercalary virgin's bower, of her Assumption; and waents of my canonical hours of prayer, Michaelmas, Martinmas, Holy Rood, and I tare collected together the treasures of Christmas, have all their appropriate moFlorz, and gathered from her plants the nitors. I learn the time of day from the nefal arts of physic, by which you have shutting of the blossoms of the star of
een benefited. Ever mindful of the use- Jerusalem and the dandelion, and the fa! object of the labour to which I had hour of the night by the stars.”' condensed myself, I have brought toge
From kind feelings to the benevolence her into the garden of this priory, the of the Franciscan mendicant's address, hiy of the valley and the gentian of which we may suppose ourselves to have the mountain, the nymphæa of the lake, just heard, we illustrate something of his ned the cliver of the arid bank; in purpose, by annexing the rose, the tulip, skors, I have collected the pilewort, the and the passion-flower, after an engrav, mercat wort, the liverwort
, and every other ing by a catholic artist, who has impressed vegetable specific which the kind hand of them with devotional monograms, and zature has spread over the globe, and symbols of his faith. which I have designated by their qualities,
To see the sun to bed, and to arise,