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king Pippin. The proportions of O'Con- for he rarely utters a word, he must be nell's mind are more colossal than a man of astonishing intellect: there he Holmes's, but the symmetry of the parts, sits immersed in an unfathomable stagnaperhaps, is not so perfect. O'Connell, tion, stupid, starch, and silent as Harpolike the Pentathletes of ancient Greece, is crates. A late judge, remarkable no less great in all the departments of intellect; for the elegance and variety of his knowa lawyer, an orator; first, the politician ofledge than the keen causticity of his wit, a party, then the statesman of a great em-once remarked to a judicial brother while pire. Holmes cannot boast the same flex- the worthy Smelfungus dosed, “Brother ibility of mind, although had he mingled Lazarus is not dead, he only sleepeth."* in the struggles of Ireland for the last Whether he snored too does not appear thirty years, and stood prominently in the on the record; but really one would think foreground instead of retiring into the his lordship had been in eternal commupeaceful shadow of private lise, he would nion with the “brother of death," and that have now filled a more ample space in the though the old story of weeping into stones national heart, and given another great his was a fable, that of sleeping into stones toric name to his country.
was not at all inconsistent with human Of humour they are both great masters, I belief; for whoever sees his lordship in but 'tis an accident in O'Connell, the ruling ermine on a "long cause” day, will not quality in Holmes; in O'Connell an occa- argue against the possibility of the mar sional, though exceedingly brilliant flame vel, for he sits in a grave, stagnant, un-in Holmes, as it were, the central fire thinking abstraction, to which the prothat animates his being. O'Connell is the found inertness of Swift's sage philosoreal national humour, rich, broad, and ir- pher was activity itself-sometimes, howresistibly comic-sometimes pungent, al- ever, giving symptoms of returning aniways pleasing--that description of hu- mation, by looking at the lenses of his mour that makes you hold fast both sides, spectacles, for his lordship is a philosoor the small ribs will be likely to give way. pher,t as though he had been meditating Holmes's approaches are more to wit, 'tis the discovery of a new “optic tube," with pointed and playful, always an auxiliary to which he could contemplate from his obhis argument, and sparkles with no more servatory the motions of the Limerick exertion than is necessary to throw it off: tithe rebels-again, propping his head with it approaches nearer to irony than O'Con- his hand to support the superincumbent nell's, and is oftener enveloped in a hard mass gravitating most naturally downcaustic rind.
ward, and sometimes gazing with a PlaI have never heard him without calling tonic intentness on his fingers, as if his to mind that exquisite pencilling of Mar- mind had been involved in the mystical cus Crassus, by Cicero. “ Quo,” says the doctrine of the Quincunxes. He is in great orator, “nihil statuo fieri potuisse truth a worthy disciple of the sage who perfectius, erat, cum gravitate junctus, said, “Man was born to contemplate," for facetiarum et urbanitatis, oratorius, non the intensity of his thoughts is never brokscurrilis lepos, loquendi accurata, et sine en unless when the termination of a case molestiâ, diligens elegantia., in disserendo, compels him “to agree wholly with his mira explicatio cum de æquo et jure dis- brother such-a-one. This is a summary putaretur argumentorum copia," &c. &c. of his judicial oratory: he then relaxes
There is one man against whom, when- into his wonted gravity, looking as severe ever an opportunity occurs, Mr. Holmes and sage as a Reis Effendi, or perhaps he never fails to level a broadside of mingled retires for a few moments after his importsarcasm and humour. He watches him ant charge to cool the aridity of his larynx with a falcon vigilance, pounces on his blunders, and is sure to set the court “in a roar,” that is, Judge Smelfungus ; 'tis really a burlesque on justice to see Smelfun-' * This piece of wit was originally Burke's ; gus in ermine, and Holmes in stuff, and seeing his political antagonist, Lord North, asleep. sufficient, without further testimony, to la
(a parliamentary indecorum of which bis lordsbip render the administration of justice and
i was frequently guilty,) he exclaimed, “Bebold
what I again and again said, government, if not laws suspected in Ireland. meilun-| defunct, at least slumbers. Brother Lazarus is not gus was a party man, a violent Tory, re-l dead, hút sleepeth." markable for the paucity of his public or + In a revenue case some time past, in which professional good qualities, but like some Dr. B- , professor of chemistry was examinplants having secret virtues, which are ed, his lordship in charging the jury, took a long discovered by chance, was found unex-sweep into the regions of chemical science. The pectedly liberal in 1829. voted for the professor observed to a witty barrister who sat Catholic Relief Bill, and was soon wrap-|
near him, “I know little of the laws of the coun
ftry, but I have some knowledge of chemistry, and ped up in judicial ermine. He is a man of1%.
| I assure you his lordship is ignorant of its comvast capacity, if the criterion laid down by monest principles.” To wbich the barrister suba celebrated French writer be correct, lioined, "I know little of the laws of chemistry, “that 'tis the great point of capacity to be but I have some kuowledge of the laws of my able to conceal one's capacity,” and as country, and I assure you his lordship is ignorant Smelfungus conceals it most effectually, I of their commonest prinples." VOL. III.
with two or three glasses of brown sherry, me here.” One day, I remember, during or put down the devil of hunger with a por- the last Trinity-term, a learned judge and tion of a delicious lobster, for Smelfungus Smelfungus were on the bench hearing is a man of very Sybaritic habits, and motions; the former had occasion to leave particularly addicted to shell-fish. His the court for a short time, Smelfungus reblunders are numerous and admirable: mained. Holmes rose to make a motion, sometimes in the teeth of the most direct of course ; Smelfungus made a rush to the testimony, he will charge the jury, and, on door. “My lord, will you hear a motion ? remonstrance by counsel, like a hog in a - 'tis a very easy one." The red curtain nalter, will pull a different way. The fol- dropped. Smelfungus was off, the trilowing story, generally current through umph of the sarcasm was complete. the Four Courts, will partially illustrate Mr. Holmes is now in his seventy-third this admirable trait in his character. In year, with faculties still unclouded, and the summer assizes of 1832, in Limerick, energies still undiminished, and exhibits several persons were indicted for a riot in his person all that quickness and simand assault; Smelfungus was the criminal piicity which characterise his mind. He judge; in the course of examination, the commands the unabated respect of all prosecutor distinctly swore, “that man," with whom he comes in contact or conpointing to one of the prisoners at the bar, flict, and if he is ever hurried beyond the W came up while the other prisoners were boundary of that severe and strict propriassaulting me, gare me a wipe of a cleh-al-ety, to which his actions are generally conpeen, and laid me down nately,*** The de- formed, the commonest observer could fence having closed, his lordship address- not fail to perceive that his passion or zeal ed the jury. “Gentlemen of the jnry, the was no more than a strong anxiety for his prisoners at the bar are indicted for a vio- client, and never pointed at his antagolent riot and assault, and the prosecutor nist; his errors are at once explained by has clearly sworn to the joint perpetration a reference to the situation in which he of the offence by all sare one, and in his has been placed; they are never sought favour there are circumstances of very out, they lay in his way, and could not be great extenuation, indeed, facts on which avoided. In person he is a remarkable you will consider it your duty to acquit man; if you stroll down Ormond Quay him.” Here the jury were completely at about ten o'clock during term, you may check, absolutely confounded; some were see a man of the middle size hastening to inclined to think that his lordship had de- the Four Courts as though his spirit was scended from his usual " mystery of the content to rest nowhere but in that scene body," to indulge in the sallies of an un- of tumult and litigation,—that is Robert usual pleasantry, from which every quali. Holmes. You may distinguish him by ty of his mind was before accustomed to the additional marks of a countenance shrink; in sooth, they did not well know which, in more ancient times, must have what he was driving at. However, he selected him, like Sophocles, to lead the proceeded, “'Tis pleasing after so many procession of the handsomest and most years of agrarian tumult and disorder, to accomplished youth of Athens to the temsee an incipient humanity developing it-ple of Minerva; it still exhibits many traself among the lower classes, and so am ces of its earlier fascination, still graceful, ply and generously exhibited in the case florid, and manly; had you seen it in a of that man,” naming one of the prison crowd, you must have asked the name of ers; "he came up while the prosecutor the possessor. If you cannot yet trace was bleeding from the effect of his wounds, him out among the throng “thither bendas it has been sworn by the prosecutor ing," look for a fine old Irish gentleman, himself-I have taken a note of it-gave witn a rich beaver hat slightly perked up him a wipe of a clean napkin, and laid behind, and a few fine silvery locks peerhim, to use his own characteristic phrase, ing out underneath-a suit of black ra'nately on the ground.'" Here the court ther tastefully made, black gaiters, an umbecame convulsed in an uproar of laugh- brella, which, like the laureate's, is his ter, all except Smelfungus, who had re-companion in all seasons, and no outward laxed into a stagnant abstraction; he ad-covering even in the very rigour of windressed the sheriff, who mentioned the ter. Again, if you steer at noon into the mistake his lordship committed. Smel- hall, you may see him in a well-powdered fungus frowned.
mass of horse-hair, minus the tail, which He is in sad terror when Mr. Holmes after a "thirty years' war," has given way enters the court, particularly on Nisi Pri- to the incessant attacks of his coat collar, us day, for he is sure to belabour him. a new stuff gown, which has lately superYou may see plainly written in Holmes's seded the old, and which he has stoically countenance, “Your political profligacy preferred to the richest silk, thinking, no placed you there-my patriotism keeps doubt, that government act on the same
principle as Eutrapelus,* who gave fine * A long club, largely knotted on the striking end, and so heavy as to be wielded with both * “Eatrapelus cuicunque nocere volebat hands— 'tis of frequent use among the peasantry Pretiosa vestimenta debat." of the south, in their desperate encounters.
clothes gratuitously to the persons he most of the hypocrite, and accommodate his wished to injure; and, to complete the conduct to the wishes of those in power, portrait, an enormous bag, which, like the but from such prospects, however brilliant mass of stone taken up by Hector, two and seducing, he turned loathingly away, degenerate lawyers of the present day and preferred the fatigue and drudgery of could with difficulty raise, or get cause to a laborious profession, rather than be raise, but whose weight habit has recon- what he was not.” With the spirit of the ciled to him. If the clue be still imperfect, intrepid and manly Roman, who looked wait a few minutes, and you are sure to calmly and disdainfully on the gold of Pyrrhear the Praecones of the different courts hus, he scorned the largesses and honours crying out in full chorus, “Robert Holmes, which successive governments were anxEsquire," then you may see him hurrying ious and ready to heap on him, and conto the field of argument, and when you tinued inflexible; the memory of his old once have seen him you cannot easily for- | freedom was too dear to him, the memory get him.
of that illustrious family with which he had In religion he is a Dissenter, and a mem- connected himself, the Irish Metelli, who ber, I believe, of the seceding congrega- had given three glorious citizens to Iretion which separated from the Synod of land, and might have given many more, Ulster. On a late occasion, in the Court had not a melancholy fatality haunted of Exchequer, in the case of Dill and their career, and sacrificed them too soon Matson, or the Synod of Ulster against on the altar of liberty and their country; the Presbytery of Antrim, in which points their memory was too dear, too soul-felt, of religious doctrine were incidentally in- to merge in the dazzling and delusive glare troduced, Mr. Holmes was counsel for the of honour and power ; his principles emadefendants, and delivered, on that occa- nated from the depth of his heart; amidst sion, a beautiful exposition of his own all the changes of circumstances, and principles in a speech, which, in soundness threatening dangers, there was no, not of argument, truth, and elegance, was de- even a momentary surrender, no partial clared by all who heard it one of the finest compromise, no trace of weakness in his pieces of forensic oratory ever delivered feelings and convictions. He has long rewithin the walls of the Four Courts. His tired from public life; with the death of clients "testified their gratitude for his ex- Robert Emmett he gave up the torch, ertions, by presenting him with an address, which has passed successfully into the containing a request, that they should be hands of others. Since that period, Cenpermitted to publish his beautiful oration, sure, which arraigns the public acts and to which he assented.
private motives of men, has left his life No man ever loved constitutional liberty without a stain, and his noble and sober with more sincerity and ardour, and no wisdom, though unrewarded with the erman ever more nobly conformed his life mine of the bench, finds an ample reward to his doctrines, and illustrated his princi- in the universal veneration of the Bar. ples by his conduct; the first eminence at the bar was at his feet, if he could per-| We do not agree with the principles and suade himself to abandon the cherished opinions expressed in this spirited article. notions of his youth, to put on the mask' -Ed.
A GENTLE lady, young and fair, upon her death-bed lay,
It was not that the Tempter to subvert her faith and power,
But peacefully and happily had past her even life,
“ Soon, soon," she murmured heavily, “neglect shall be my lot,
" The flowers that bloom so freshly now must shortly fade away,
“ The friends who in my listening ear soft words of kindness poured,
“The husband of my fervent love, so cherished and so dear,
“My only son, my treasured boy, there most my trial lies,
" I feel 'tis sinful thus to dread the awful summons nigh,
These thoughts within the lady's breast a weary conflict kept,
Unheard by all around save her, arose a heavenly voice:
Though fair may be thy earthly home, though blest thy earthly love,
Thy friends-oh! wish not selfishly to cloud their days on earth,
"Thoughts of thy virtues and thy faith shall constantly arise
"And though thou leav'st thy helpless boy in childhood's opening bloom,
Of all the good and bounteous gifts of which thou art possest,
Around the gentle lady's lip a placid smile now played,
Then she sank upon her pillow in a slumber still and deep,
Her kindred gazed upon her face with mingled awe and love,
PARIS IN LIGHT AND SHADE.*_No. III. | duced annually in London, there are ten,
and ten times ten, in Paris. PLACES OF PUBLIC AMUSEMENT. | The appliances and means of the stage
are brought, too, to the highest perfection. Paris may be regarded as the capital of The French are essentially a dramatic dramatic Europe: its dozen theatres, and nation. They possess as much taste in twelve dozen dramatic authors,-being superficial matters, as perception of the incessantly at work to furnish prototypes vivid and impressive in scenic effect; and for the stage management of London, and it is now as much a matter of course for all other cities of the civilised world. a new manager of one of our theatres to Opera, tragedy, comedy, farce, and melo- fly to Paris for fresh ideas of decoration, drama, have fixed their thrones on the dress, and what are technically termed shores of the Seine; and with rare, though effects, as it would have been in former honourable exceptions, the successful times to form an engagement for a new plays of every modern language may be piece with Farquhar or Congreve. Much traced to some Parisian model. Many of of this superiority may be traced in Paris these originals have been fairly and frank- (as at Vienna or Berlin) to the gratuity ly imitated; but a far greater number sto- granted by government for the maintelen, and, after the fashion decried in the nance of the national drama and national Critic, disfigured like gipsy foundings for opera. The French, feeling their opera the purpose of disguise. For the last to be bona fide their property, the manager hundred years, indeed, the custom has is assailed by the press with as much inprevailed. It is not alone the avowed dignation on the day following the repretranslators of the last century, such as Ar-sentation of any opera or ballet, of which thur Murphy and Aaron Hill, who were the scenery and decorations are of an inindebted to the French stage; but most of ferior order, as if he had been detected in the favourite comedies of that date, which picking their pockets. now pass under the name of legitimate The superiority of their dramatic aunational plays-such as “The Confedera- thorship, on the other hand, may be ascricy"-" The Hypocrite "-" The man of bed, in the first instance, to the vast pecuthe World" besides faces innumerable, niary advantages enjoyed by their dramanow dignified as belonging to the school tic authors; which naturally produces of " good old English farce,” were “ta- zealous ardour and active competition, ken,' à la mode de Dick Turpin, from the Scribe, for example, obtains an income of French. In our own times, the thing has five thousand a year from the nightly rebecome a matter of avowed speculation. presentation of his own pieces throughout The moment a successful piece appears the kingdom, a sum enormous in France, in Paris, a dozen translators are in the and quadrupling, at least, the gains of any field running the race of blunder-headed French author of the times in any other precipitancy, ior the benefit of the English department of literature. The vocation managers, at a rate of remuneration fatal of the dramatic author, is consequently a to the interests of the original dramatists profession. The hundred English writers of the day.
of fiction, who inundate our circulating That the French possess, in a far higher libraries, and of whom twenty might be degree than ourselves, the tact of drama-cited as possessing sterling merit, would, tic composition, is however undeniable. in France, consecrate their talents to the There is something in the construction of stage, and secure for themselves and their a Frenchman's mind peculiarly favoura- children a permanent source of profit. In ble to the creation of theatrical plots and England, notwithstanding the opening stage intrigues-a faculty wholly wanting created by the dramatic copyright b:ll of in the English; and we are forced to ad- Mr. Bulwer, the difficulty of collecting the mit, that, for one good play or farce pro-tax imposed upon the stage, must, till bet
ter provisions are made, prove fatal to the
rights of authors. In France, the droits Continued from p. 276.
d'auteur are levied by the administration