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its design as a contribution to that task, it will not have been written in vain. The special disease of the body politic in this age is a spurious, mechanical individualism which ignores or denies that moral and spiritual force wherein consists the organic unity of men and of nations of men: "das geistige Band " we may call it, in Goethe's words. Right, according to the materialistic Revolutionary doctrine, which has so largely mixed itself with
[life, means merely thinking of oneself, living for oneself. The doctrine is no less absurd than ignoble. It is anarchy, in the proper sense of the word. Right,
1 as the Latin term * witnesses, is the bond which knits mankind into society. "Commonwealths," Burke excellently observes, "are not physical but moral essences." There are for nations, as for the individuals composing them, necessary conditions of existence, irreversible laws of life. And those laws, those conditions are ethical. They belong to an order not made by man but issuing from the nature of things. The art of politics, properly understood, consists in apprehending and conforming to "the moral laws of nature and of nations."
This spurious and mechanical individualism we must strenuously combat. And it is best combated by opposing to it the true idea of the individual as an ethical agent in an ethical organism. Nothing is falser than the notion that the history of peoples vn. THE BEST HOPE FOR THE FUTURE. 243
9 Jus (jungere).
is the result of merely external causes, or of blind force, or of occult destiny. There is an inner necessity determining the course of national events. That necessity issues from national character. And national character is really the outcome of the characters of the men and women composing the nation. The primary source therefore of every real reform, of all authentic advance in a people must be something which acts directly and powerfully on the individual: something which determines him from within, not from without: something moral, not mechanical: something psychical, not physical. It is in the supersensuous, the transcendental, the spiritual that the deep foundations of character, individual and national, are laid. The best hops for the future of our country seems to me to lie in men who have grasped the ethical significance of the facts of life: yes, and of the fact of death too.
"There is no danger to a man that knows
Abstract ideas and principles ....
as "a form of competition"
how it should be punished
"Agreeable feeling," not the fount of morality
Animals, the lower, are not mere things .
on the right of private property
on diversity in an organism
his view of virtue .....
Army, the British, and the law of Supply and
Attraction, the supreme law of
on the order of nature ....
Bacon, Lord, on conquests over nature
Bagehot, on the advantage of representative insti
Bcaconsfield, tho Earl of, his "fancy franchises"
the two nations of his Sybil .
Board Schools, religious teaching in
Canonists, the, doctrine of, concerning extremo
necessity and the right of private property
his freedom ......
his ordinary contention ....
his duty to his workpeople
a colossal, on the people ....
on public opinion .....
on "the Dcmerara Nigger "...
on a pig's view of the universe
Casuistry, the necessity of ... .
Chasles, on the need for an educated people in an
age of freedom of the press .
Chamberlain, Mr., on the misery of the very poor
Character, national, what it is
Christianity, its morality, in what sense new .
not coextensive with moral civilization
the most precious elements of our ethical life
and the spiritual claims of woman .
its relation towards the external condition of
various kinds of .....
the greatest peril of .
and personality .....
the greatest benefactor of woman
a condition of .....
Civilizations, vanished, their history and lesson