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And therefore they could less believe it to be the Book of their Statutes, and the standing Law of the Land, which they had all along received, and by which they had been governed.

Could any Man now at this Day invent a Book of Statutes or Aets of Parliament for England, and make it pass upon the Nation as the only Book of Statutes that ever they had known ? As impossible was it for the Books of Moses (if they were invented in any Age after Moses) to have been receivid for what they declare themselves to be, viz. The Statutes and municipal Law of the Nation of the Jews: And to have persuaded the Jews that they had own'd and acknowleg'd these Books, all along from the Days of Moses, to that Day in which they were first invented ; that is, that they had own'd them before they had ever so much as heard of them. Nay, more, the whole Nation must, in an instant, forget their former Laws and Govern ment, if they could receive these Books as being their former Laws. And they could not otherwise receive them, because they vouch'd themselves so to be. Let me ask the Deists but this one short Question, Was there ever a Book of foam Laws, which were not the Laws of the Nation, palmd upon any People fince the World began ? If not, with what Face can they say this of the Book of Laws of the Jews ? Why will they say that of them, which they confess impoffible in any Nation, or among any People?

But they must be yet more Unreasonable. For the Books of Moses have a further Demonstration of their Truth than even other Law-Books have: For they not only contain the Laws, but give an historical Account of their Institution, and the Practice of them from that Time: As of the Palover, in Memory of the Death of the First-Born in Egypt: And that, the same Day, all the Firs-Born of Israel, Numb. viii. both of Man and Beast, were, by a perpetual Law, dedicated to God; and the Levites taken for all the First-Born of the Children of Israel: That Aaron's Red, which budded, was kept in


17, 18.

the Ark, in Memory of the Rebellion and wonderfur Destruction of Korah, Dathan and Abiram, and for the Confirmation of the Priesthood to the Tribe of Levi : As likewise the Pot of Manna,in Memory of their having been fed with it 40 Years in the Wilderness. That the Brazen Serpent was kept (which remained to the Days of Hezekiah. 2 Kin. xviii. 4.) in Memory of that wonderful Deliverance, by only looking upon it, from the biting of the fiery Serpents. Numb. xxi. 9. The Feast of Penticost, in Memory of the dreadful Appearance of God upon Mount Horeb, &c.

And besides these Remembrances of particular Acti. ons and Occurrences, there were other folemn Inftitutions, in Memory of their Deliverance out of Egypt in the general, which included all the Particulars: As of the Sabbath. Deut. v. 15. their daily Sacrifices, and yearly Expiation; their New-Moens, and several Feafts and Fasts. So that there were yearly, monthly, weekly, daily Remembrances and Recognitions of these Things.

And not only so, but the Books of the fame Moses tell us, that a particular Tribe (of Levi) was appointed and consecrated by God, as his Priests; by whose Hands, and none other, the Sacrifices of the People were to be offered, and these solemn Institutions to be celebrated : That it was Death for any other to approach to the Altar : That their High-Priest wore a glorious Mitre, and magnificent Robes of God's own Contrivance, with the miraculous Urim and Thummin in his Breaft-plate, whence the divine Responses were

given : That at his Word the King Num. xxvii. and all the People were to go out and

to come in. That these Levites were Deut. xvii. 8. likewise the Chief-Judges, even in all

Civil Causes; and that it was Death to 1 Cor. xxiii. resist their Sentence : Now whenever 4.

it can be fuppos'd that these Books of

Moses were forged in some Age after Moses, it is impossible they could have been received as true, unless the Forgers could have made the whole


to 13.

Nation believe, that they that had received thefe Books from their Fathers, had been instructed in them when they were Children, and had taught them to their Children : Moreover, that they had all been circum. cis’d, and did circumcise their Children, in pursuance to what was commanded in these Books: That they had observed the yearly Passover, the weekly Sabbath, the New-Moons, and all the several Feafts, Fasts, and Ceremonies commanded in these Books: That they had never eaten any Swines Flesh, or other Meats prohibited in these Books: That they had a magnificent Tabernacle, with a visible Priesthood to administer in it, which was confined to the Tribe of Levi; over whom was placed a glorious High Priest, cloathed with great and mighty Prerogatives; whofe Death only could deliver those that were fled to the Cities of Refuge ; and that these Priests were

Num. XXXV. their ordinary Judges, even in Civil 25. 28. Matters : I say, was it posible to have persuaded a whole Nation of Men, that they had known and practised all these things, if they had not done it? or, Secondly, to have received a Book for Truth, which said they had practised them, and ap. pealed to that Practice ? So that here are the third and fourth of the Marks above-mentioned.

But now let us descend to the utmost Degree of Supposition, viz. That these Things were practised be. fore these Books of Moses were forged; and that these Books did only impofe upon the Nation, in making them believe, that they had kept these observances in Memory of such and such Things as were inserted in those Books.

Well then, let us proceed upon this Supposition (however groundless) : And now, will not the same Impossibilities occur as in the former Cafe! For, First, this must suppose, that the Jews kept all these Observances in Memory of nothing, or without knowing any thing of their original, or the Reason why they kept them: Whereas these very Observances did express the Ground and Ķeason of their being kept; as


the Passover, in Memory of God's passing over the Children of the Israelites in that Night wherein he flew all the First-born of Egypt; and so of the rest.

But, Secondly, let us suppose, contrary both to Reafon and Matter of fact, that the Jews did not know

any Reason at all why they kept these Observances; yet was it possible to put it upon them, that they had kept these Observances in Memory of what they had never heard of before that Day, whensoever you will suppose that these Books of Moses were first forged? For Example: Suppose I should now forge some romantick Story of strange Things done a 1000 Years ago; and, in Confirmation of this, should endeavour to persuade the Christian World, that they had all along, from that Day to this, kept the first Day of the Week in Memory of such an Hero, an Apollonius, a Barcofbas, or a Mahomet, and had all been baptized in his Name, and swore by his Name, and upon

that very Book (which I had then forged, and which they never saw before), in their publick Judicatures: That this Book was their Gospel and Law, which they had, ever since that Time, these 1000 Years past, universally receiv'd and owned, and none other : I would ask any Deist, whether he thinks it posible, that such a Cheat could pass, or such a Legend be received, as the Gospel of Chriflians? And that they could be made believe, that they never had any other Gospel? The same Reason is as to the Books of Moses; and must be, as to every Matter of Fact which has all the four Marks before-mentioned. And these Marks secure any such Matter of Fact as much from being invented and imposed in After-Ages, as at the Time when such Matters of Fact were said to be done.

Let me give one very familiar Example more in this Case. There is the Stonage in Salisbury Plain ; every body knows it; and yet none knows the Reason why those great Stones were set there, or by whom, or in Memory of what.

Now, suppose I should write a Book To-morrow, and tell there, that these Stones were set up by Hercules,

PolyPolyphemus, or Garagantua, in Memory of such and such of their Actions; and, for a further Confirmation of this, should say, in this Book, that it was wrote at the Time when such Actions were done, and by the very Actors themselves, or Eye Witnesses; and that this Book had been received as Truth, and quoted by Authors of the greatest Reputation in all Ages since. Moreover, that this Book was well known in England, and enjoined by Ae of Parliament to be taught our Children, and that we did teach it our Children, and had been taught it ourselves when we were Children: I ask any Deist

, Whether he thinks this could pass upon England? And whether if I, or any other, should insist upon it, we should not, instead of being believed, be sent to Bedlam?

Now let us compare this with the Stonage, as I may call it, or twelve great Stones set up at Gilgal, which

told in the fourth Chapter of Joshua. There it is said, ver. 6. that the Reason why they were set up, was, that when their Children in After-Ages should alk the Meaning of it, it should be told them.

And the Thing, in Memory of which they were set ap, was such as could not poslibly be imposed upon that Nation at that time when it was said to be done : It was as wonderful and miraculous as their Passage thro' the Red-Sea :

And withal free from a very poor Objection, which the Deifts have advanced against that Miracle of the Red-Sea; thinking to falve it by a Spring-Tide, with the Concurrence of a strong Wind, happening at the same time; which left the Strand so dry, as that the fraelites, being all Foot, might pass thro' the ouzey places and Holes which it must be supposed the Sea left behind it: But that the Egyptians, being all Horse and Chariots, stuck in those Holes, and were entangled, so as that they could not march so fast as the Israelites: And that this was all the Meaning of its being said, that God took off their (the Egyptians) Chariot-Wheels, that they drove them heavily. So that they would


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