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TAYLOR THE

or Argentum vivttm (for the quickness), and all to be embroidered back and side with the best gold twist, and the best of the silkworm, sometimes with a Court (a Coat of Guard I should say), or a Coat of Regard, being well guarded, unregarded, with such a deal of feather, ribbons, and points, that he seems to be a running Haberdasher's shop of small wares.

"Yet are those men free from pride : for their greatest ambition is, not to ride, but to foot it, or else to sweep chimnies, or to turn Costennongers; this is the altitude of their aim, and the profundity of their felicity: nevertheless they know themselves to be great men's Trappings,courageous Torchbearers, illustrious Fire-drakes, glorious and sumptuous Turmoilers: they are far from the griping sins of Usury and Extortion; and are such philosophical contemners of the world, that every day they tread it under their feet and trample on it; and they are such haters of wickedness, that they leave it in all places where they come: they are not covetous of other men's land, for they make all the haste they can every day to leave it behind them: they are so much to be trusted, that their words are as good as their bonds: yet in this their humility they may compare with Emperors, for they are as brave as Nero, and can drink with Tiberius: To conclude, the Foot-man Ship is mann'd with well-breath'd mariners, who after all their long, painful, and faithful service, are shipped in the bark Beggarly, and brought to an anchor in the haven of Cripplegate."—Tatloe The WaTer-poet's Work), p. 86.

Taylor'* Entertainment in the Highlands. "He brought me to a place called Coberipath, where we lodged at an inn, the like of which, I dare say, is not in any of his Majesty's dominions. And for to shew my thankfulness to Master William Arnet and his wife, the owners thereof, I must explain their bountiful entertainment of guests, which is this:

WATER-POET. 151

"Suppose ten, fifteen, or twenty men and horses come to lodge at their house, the men shall have flesh, tame and wild-fowl, fish, with all variety of good cheer, good lodging, and welcome; and the horses shall want neither hay nor provender; and at the morning at their departure the reckoning is just nothing. This is the worthy gentleman's use, his chief delight being only to give strangers entertainment gratis: And I am sure, that in Scotland beyond Edinborough, I have been at houses like castles for building; the master of the house his beaver being his blue bonnet; one that will wear no other shirts but of the flax that grows on his own ground, and of his wives, daughters,' or servants' spinning; that hath his stockings, hose, and jerkin of the wool of his own sheep's backs; that never (by his pride of apparel) caused Mercer, Draper, Silkman, Embroiderer, or Haberdasher to break and turn bankrupt: and yet this plain home-spun fellow keeps and maintains thirty, forty, fifty servants, or perhaps more, every day relieving three or four score poor people at his gate; and besides all this, can give noble entertainment for four or five days together to five or six Earls and Lords, besides Knights, Gentlemen, and their followers, if they be three or four hundred men and horse of them; where they shall not only feed but feast, and not feast but banquet: this is a man that desires to know nothing so much as his duty to God and his King; whose greatest cares are, to practice the works of Piety, Charity, and Hospitality: he never studies the consuming art of fashionless fashions; he never tries his strength to bear four or five hundred acres on his back at once; his legs are always at liberty, not being fettered with golden garters, and manacled with artificial roses, whose weight (sometime) is the relics of some decayed lordship: Many of these worthy house-keepers there are in Scotland: amongst some of them I was entertained; from whence I did truly gather these aforesaid observations."—Tatlob The Wateb-poet'8 Works, p. 138.

1-5-2

TAYLOR THE WATER-POET.

Pwltlings.

"Ir the Norfolk Dumpling and the Devonshire White-pot be at variance, he will atone them: the Bag-puddings of Gloucestershire^ the Blaeh-puddings of Worcester' shire, the Pan-puddings of Shropshire, the White-puddings of Somersetshire, the Hastypuddings of Hampshire, and the Puddingpyes of any shire, all is one to him, nothing comes amiss, a contented mind is worth all; and let anything come in the shape of fodder, or eating stuff, it is welcome, whether it be Sausage, or Custard, or Egg-pye, or Cheese-cake, or Flawn, or Fool, or Froyze, or Tanzy, or Pan-cake, or Fritter, or Flapjack, or Posset, Galley-maufrey, Macaroane, Kickshaw, or Tantablin." Taylob The Watbb-poet's Works, p. 146.

Gardens at Wilton. "Amongst the rest, the pains and industry of an ancient gentleman, Mr. Adrian Gilbert, must not be forgotten: for there hath he (much to my Lord's cost and his own pains) used such a deal of intricate setting, grafting, planting, inoculating, railing, hedging, plashing, turning, winding, and returning, circular, triangular, quadrangular, orbicular, oval, and every way curiously and chargeably conceited: There hath he made walks, hedges, and arbours, of all manner of most delicate fruit-trees, planting and placing them in such admirable art-like fashions, resembling both divine and moral remembrances; as three arbours standing in a triangle, having each a recourse to a greater arbour in the midst, resembling three in one, and one in three: and he hath there planted certain walks and arbours all with fruit-trees, so pleasing and ravishing to the sense, that he calls it Paradise, in which he plays the part of a true Adamist, continually toiling and tilling. Moreover, he hath made his walks most rarely round and spacious, one walk without another (as the rinds of an onion are greatest without, and less towards

the centre), and withall, the hedges betwixt each walk are so thickly set that one cannot see through from the one walk, who walks in the other: that, in conclusion, the work seems endless; and I think that in England it is not to be fellowed, or will in haste be followed. And in love which I bear to the memory of so industrious and ingenious a gentleman, I have written these following anagrams.

Adryan 1 . ( Art readily began

Gilbert. J TM \ A breeding tryall.
Art readily began a breeding tryall,
When she inspired this worthy Gentleman:
For Nature's eye of him took full espiall,
And taught him Art; Art readily began,
That though Dame Nature was his Tutress, he
Outworks her, as his works apparent be:

For Nature brings but earth, and seeds and plants,

Which Art, like Tailors, cuts and puts in fashion:

As Nature rudely doth supply our wants,
Art is deformed Nature's reformation.
So Adryan Gilbert mendeth Nature's fea-
tures,

By Art; that what she makes, doth seem his
creatures."
Taylob The Wateb-poet's Works,
part 2, p. 31.

\_A Lay Impropriator.']

"This one thing which I now declare, is most lamentable and remarkable; which is, that Ewell being a market town, not much above ten miles from London, in a Christian kingdom, and such a kingdom, where the all saving Word of the everliving God is most diligently, sincerely, and plentifully preached; and yet amidst this diligence, as it were in the circle or centre of this sincerity, and in the flood of this plenty, the town of Ewell hath neither preacher nor pastor: for although the parsonage be able to maintain a sufficient preacher, yet the living being in a lay-man's hand, is rented out to another for a great sum, and yet no TAYLOR THE

preacher maintained there. Now the chief landlord out of his portion doth allow but seven pounds yearly for a Reader; and the other that doth hire the parsonage at a great rent, doth give the said Reader four pound the year more out of his means and courtesie: and by this means the town is served with a poor old man that is half blind, and by reason of his age can scarcely read: for all the world knows, that so small a stipend cannot find a good preacher books, and very hardly bread to live on; so that the poor souls dwelling there, are in danger of famishing, for want of a good preacher to break the bread of life unto them: for a sermon amongst them, is as rare as warm weather in December, or ice in July, both which I have seen in England, though but seldom." — Tatio* The Watee-Poet's Works, part 2, p. 139.

Ruff,.

"Now up aloft I mount unto the Ruff,
Which into foolish mortals pride doth puff:
Yet Ruffs' antiquity is here but small,
Within this eighty years not one at all;
For the eighth Henry (as I understand)
Was the first King that ever wore a Band,
And but a falling Band, plain with a hem,
All other people knew no use of them,
Yet imitation in small time began
To grow, that it the Kingdom over-ran:
The little falling-bands encreased to Ruffs;
Ruffs (growing great) were waited on by
Cuffs:

And though our frailties should awake our care,

We make our Ruffs as careless as we ore;
Our Ruffs unto our faults compare I may,
Both careless, and grown greater every day.
A Spaniard's Ruff in folio, large and wide,
Is th abstract of ambition's boundless pride.
For roundness 'tis the emblem, as you see,
Of the terrestrial Globe's rotundity,
And all the world is like a Ruff to Spain,
Which doth encircle his aspiring brain.
And his unbounded pride doth still persist,
To have it set, and poaked as he list.

WATER-POET. 153

The sets to organ-pipes compare I can,
Because they do offend the Puritan,
Whose zeal doth call it superstition,
And badges of the Beast of Babylon.
Ruffs only at the first were in request
With such as of ability were best;
But now the plain, the stitch'd, the lac'd,
and shag,

Are at all prices worn by tag and rag.
So Spain (who all the world would wear)
shall see,

Like Ruffs, the world from him shall scatt'red be.

As for the Cuff, 'tis prettily encreast
(Since it began, two handfuls at the least):
At first 'twas but a girdle for the wrist,
Or a small circle to enclose the fist,
Which hath by little and by little crept,
And from the wrist unto the elbow leapt;
WTiich doth resemble saucy persons well,
For give a knave an inch, he'll take an ell.
Ruffs are to Cuffs, as 'twere the breeding
mothers;

And Cuffs are twins in pride, or two proud brothers."

Taylor Tub Wateb-poet's Works, part 2, p. 167.

Upstarts who crowded London. "The last Proclamations concerning the retiring of the Gentry out of the City into their countries, although myself with many thousands more were much impoverished and hindered of our livings by their departure, yet on the other side, how it cleared the streets of these way-stopping whirligigs! for a man now might walk without bidding Stand up Ao,bya fellow that scarcely can either go or stand himself. Princes, Nobility, and Gentlemen of worth, offices and quality, have therein their privilege, and are exempt, may ride as their occasions or pleasures shall invite them, as most meet they should. But when every Gill Turntripe, Mistress Fumkins, Madam Polecat, and my Lady Trash, Froth the Tapster, BUI the Tailor, Lavender the Broker, Whiff the Tobacco-seller, with their companion Trugs, must be coach'd to Sit hit Albanes, Burntwood, Hockley in the Hole, Croydon, Windsor, Uxbridge, and many other places, like wild haggards prancing up and down; that what they get by cheating, swearing and lying at home, they spend in riot, whoring and drunkenness abroad; I say by my hallidome, it is a burning shame: I did lately write a pamphlet called a Thief, wherein I did a little touch upon this point; that seeing the herd of hireling Coaches are more than the Wherries on the Thames, and that they make leather so excessive dear, that it were good the order in Bohemia were observed here, which is, that every hired Coach should be drawn with ropes, and that all their harness should be hemp and cordage: besides, if the cover and boots of them were of good resined or pitched canvass, it would bring down the price of leather; and by that means a hired Coach would be known from a Prince's, a Nobleman's, Lady's, or people of note, account, respect and quality."—Taylor The Water-poet's Works, part 2, p. 238.

154 DONNE—WHOLE DUTY OF MAN —JAMES THE FIRST.

Suicides.

"When I frame to myself a martyrologe of all which have perished by their own means, for religion, country, fame, love, ease, fear, shame; I blush to see how naked of followers all vertues are in respect of this fortitude; and that all histories afford not so many examples either of cunning and subtile devices, or of forcible and violent actions, for the safeguard of life, as for destroying."—Donne's Buithanatos, p. 51.

Curse of ill-gotten Wealth. "There is such a curse goes along with an ill gotten estate, that he that leaves such a one to his child, doth but cheat and deceive him, makes him believe he has left him wealth, but has withal put such a canker in the bowels of it, that is sure to eat it out. Would to God it were as generally laid to heart, as it seems to be gene

rally taken notice of! Then surely parents would not account it a reasonable motive to unjust dealing, that they may thereby provide for their children; for this is not a way of providing for them: nay, 'tis the way to spoil them of whatever they have lawfully gathered for them; the least mite of unlawful gain being of the nature of leaven, which sours the whole lump, bringing down curses upon all a man possesseth."— Whole Duty of Man, 14M Sunday.

James's Feeling about Holydays and Sports.

"But unto one fault is all the common people of this kingdom subject, as well burgh as land; which is, to judge and speak rashly of their Prince, setting the commonweal upon four props, as we call it; ever wearying of the present estate, and desirous of novelties. For remedy whereof (besides the execution of laws that are to be used against unreverent speakers) I know no better mean, than so to rule, as may justly stop their mouths from all such idle and unreverent speeches; and so to prop the weal of your people, with provident care for their good government, that justly Momus himself may have no ground to grudge at; and yet so to temper and mix your severity with mildness, that as the unjust railers may be restrained with a reverent awe, so the good and loving subjects may not only live in surety and wealth, but be stirred up and invited by your benign courtesies to open their mouths in the just praise of your so well moderated regiment. In respect whereof, and therewith the more to allure them to a common amity among themselves, certain days in the year would be appointed, for delighting the people with public spectacles of all honest games and exercise of arms; as also for convening of neighbours, for entertaining friendship and heartliness, by honest feasting and merriness. For I cannot see what greater superstition can be in making plays and lawful games in May and good cheer at Christmas, than in eating fish in Lent and upon Fridays, the Papists as well using the one as the other; so that always the sabbaths be kept holy, and no unlawful pastime be U9ed. And as this form of contenting the people's minds hath been used in all well-governed republics, so will it make you to perform in your government that good old sentence,

JAMES THE FIRST — MR. HOOK.

Omne tulit punctum qui miscuit utili dulce."

Basilihon Dor on, p. 164.

His Character of the Nobles} "The natural sickness that I have perceived this Estate [the Nobility] subject to in my time, hath been, a featless arrogant conceit of their greatness and power; drinking in with their very nourish milk that their honour stood in committing three points of iniquity; to thrall by oppression the meaner sort that dwelleth near them, to their service and following, although they hold nothing of them; to maintain their servants and dependers in any wrong, although they're not answerable to the laws (for anybody will maintain his man in a right cause), and for any displeasure that they apprehend to be done unto them by their neighbour, to take up a plain feud against him, and (without respect to God, King, or Commonweal) to bang it out bravely, he and all his kin against him and all his; yea they will think the King far in their common, in case they agree to grant an assurance to a short day for keeping of the peace, where by their natural duty they are oblished to obey the law, and keep the peace all the days of their life, upon the peril of their very craiggs."—Basilihon Doron, p. 162.

His Opinion of Tradesmen.His Advice that Government should fix the Price of aU things yearly.

"The Merchants think the whole commonweal ordained for making them up; and accounting it their lawful gain and trade to enrich themselves upon the loss of' all the rest of the people, they transport

1 Scotch, I suppose.

155

from us things necessary, bringing back sometimes unnecessary things, and at other times nothing at all. They buy for us the worst wares, and sell them at the dearest prices: and albeit the victuals fall or rise of their prices, according to the abundance or scantness thereof, yet the prices of their wares ever rise, but never fall; being as constant in that their evil custom as if it were a settled law for them. They are also the special cause of the corruption of the coin, transporting all our own, and bringing in foreign, upon what price they please to set on it. For order putting to them, put the good laws in execution that are already made anent these abuses; but especially do three things. Establish honest, diligent, but few searchers, for many hands make slight work; and have an honest and diligent Thesaurer to take count of them. Permit and allure foreign merchants to trade here; so shall ye have best and best cheap wares, not buying them at the third hand. And set every year down a certain price of all things ; considering first, how it is in other countries; and the price being set reasonably down, if the merchants will not bring them home on the price, cry foreigners free to bring them."—Basilihon Doron.

Selfish and Christian Ethics compared.

In the " New Commandment" given by our Lord to his disciples, " that ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another," Ma. Hook says, "we may trace the grand distinction between the divine ethics of the Gospel, and the various codes of philosophy framed by mere worldly philosophers. By the latter, whether in ancient or in modern times, an appeal is continually made to the selfish feelings of our nature: while the whole tendency of the Gospel, with respect to our duty to others, is, so far as possible, to keep self altogether out of sight.

"With respect to the virtue of philanthropy, the philosopher argues in its favour, by proving what is indisputably true, that

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