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fibres). This should be struck from tail to head, and the fibres snipped off nearly up to where the wings are set on, leaving a sufficient quantity for the legs. Hook, No. 2. or 3., long.

REMARKS. The small woodcock and grouse feathers (which can be used indifferently) make very neat hackle flies; and the beginner will find a pleasure in making the Oak Fly of various sizes in the following easy manner :- BODY, orange floss silk, ribbed with fine black silk, which may be slightly waxed. Then form the head of your fly with your arming silk (brown), and choosing a woodcock or grouse feather, whose fibres are the exact length of the hook, stroke it back, and tie it (upside down) by the tip to the arming of your hook, just clear of the head, and wind the feather round as a hackle, holding it by the quill, and fasten off under the shoulder.

The fly so made, of Green Drake size, is an excellent Chub fly in the Trent and most rivers, and may be used with a large Coch-y-bonddy on the same lash. It is not every angler who lives on the banks of a trout stream. Optandum quidam erat.

The imitations of the Oak Fly resemble also another fly still more abundant and common, called the Scorpion Fly (Panorpa communis).

No. 22. THE TURKEY BROWN. This fly comes from a water nympha, lives two days as shown, and then turns to the Little Dark Spinner (see No. 23.). It is to be used on cold days; is a very good fly upon some waters, and is in season from about the time that the March Brown becomes scarce until the end of June. *



Body. Dark brown floss silk ribbed with purple silk thread.

TAIL. A whisk or two of a red cock's hackle, stained as for the legs.

WINGS. Tip of the brownest feather from a partridge's tail, or, if well selected, a feather may be found on the back of the partridge..

LEGS. Red cock's hackle stained a good brown with copperas.

To make it buzz, a feather from the Grouse may be tied on hackle-wise, in the manner shown for the Green Drake, No. 28.

* A fly is found upon some waters, similar in every respect to the above, except that the wings partake of the colour of the Iron Blue. The Little Dark Spinner, No. 23., answers for its metamorphosis.


This is the metamorphosis of the Turkey Brown (No. 22.). It is a most killing fly just at the beginning of dusk.


Body. Mulberry-coloured floss silk ribbed over with purple silk thread.

Tail. Three or four whisks out of the stained hackle feather which is used for the legs.

WINGS. From a feather of the starling's wing.

LEGS. From a purple stained hackle which appears black when looked down upon, but which shines with a dark tortoise-shell tint when held up between the eye and the light. Hook, No. 1., long


No. 24. THE YELLOW SALLY. This fly has been believed by some persons to last in season only six days, but it continues for six weeks or more, and may be used not unprofitably on very warm days. The wings are transparent.

No. 25. SKY BLUE.

Order, Neuroptera
Family, Ephemeride
Genus, Cloëon
Species, auliciformis (Pseudimago).

No. 26. FERN FLY. (SOLDIER Fly.)

Order, Coleoptera
Family, Telephorida
Genus, Telephorus
Species, lividus.

No. 27. ALDER FLY. (Orl Fly, in Wales called the

Order, Neuroptera
Family, Sialida
Genus, Sialis
Species, lutarius.

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