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This fly comes from a water larva. It is heavy in its flight, but uses its legs with extreme activity, and is generally found amongst the stones, or close to the sides of the water. I have kept one alive for three weeks, during which time it drank much water. It is in season from the beginning of April until the end of May, and should be used in the rapid parts of streams, and on windy days where the water is rough.


IMITATION. Body. Fur of hare's ear mixed with yellow worsted or camlet, ribbed over with yellow silk, leaving most yellow at the tail.

Tail. A strand or two of a brown mottled partridge feather.

WINGS. Quill feather from the hen pheasant's wing.

LEGS. A hackle stained greenish-brown: or a natural dark grizzle. Hook, No. 4 or 5, long.

REMARKS. This fly kills best, when used in its natural state, either by dibbing with a short line in still deep water: or by wading up the streams, and throwing carefully with a few yards of line. Used thus, it kills the largest trout from early morning till late at night.

No. 13. THE GRAVEL BED. This fly is not found upon all waters: upon those where it is found it is extremely numerous on fine days; but in cold weather it seeks shelter amongst the larger stones of the gravel. It may be used all the day. It comes in about the middle of April, and lasts about three weeks.


IMITATION. Body. Dark dun, or lead-coloured silk thread dressed very fine.

WINGS. From an under covert feather of the woodcock's wing.

LEGS. A black cock's hackle rather long, wound, twice only, round the body. Hook, No. 0 or 1, long.

To make it buzz, a dark dun cock's hackle may be used, with a ginger tinge at the edges.

REMARKS. This fly kills well in May: weather bright, water clear, and when no other fly will raise fish. Some prefer the brightest outside (scapular) feather of woodcock's wing: and use the same feather, to make it buzz. The silk for the body should be of the most repulsive, ashy, livid hue that you can find.

No. 13. GRAVEL BED. (Spider FLY, SAND Gnat.)

Order, Diptera
Family, Tipulida
Genus, Anisomera
Species, obscura.


Order, Trichoptera
Family, Phryganida
Genus, Limnephilus
Species, striatus.


Order, Neuroptera
Family, Ephemeride
Genus, Baëtis
Species, flavescens (Pseudimago).

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