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In a forward spring this fly comes out about the middle of February; it is in season until the end of March, and may be used on fine but rather windy days until the Blue Dun and other flies come in. I have taken very large Grayling with it. It is abundant at Bakewell in March and April.


Body. The dubbing is composed of the dark red part of squirrel's fur, mixed with an equal quantity of claret-coloured mohair, showing the most claret colour at the tail of the fly. This is spun on brown silk thread, to form the body.

Wings. From the softest quill feather of the pea-hen's wing which approaches the tint.

Legs. Of a claret-coloured stained hackle. No feather of its natural colour, that I know of, is of the proper shade. Clip some of the upper fibres off, that the wings may lie flat. Hook No. 2., short.

Remarks. This is the earliest fly in North Derbyshire. The tint of the wings is that of a cake of glue held between the eye and the sun. It is best made hackle-way, with the under covert feather of a woodcock's wing wound upon the above body. In Lancashire it is called "Old Joan," and the body is made rough with claretcoloured German wool. Thus made it kills well in the Derwent.


This fly lives three or four days in the state represented; then becomes the Red Spinner. It begins to be plentiful in the early part of March, should the weather be mild. When in full season it will be found on the water, chiefly on rather cold windy days. It endeavours to take flight in three or four seconds after emerging from the Pupa. On cold days it seems to have rather more difficulty in rising from the water than in warm weather, and consequently becomes very frequently food for fishes at the moment of its assuming the winged state.


Body. Fur of a hare's ear or face, spun very thinly on fine yellow silk, and wound on thickest

at the shoulder. Some of the dubbing is then picked out to form legs.

Tail. Two fibres of a Dun Hackle.

Wings. From a quill feather of the starling's wing, which may be 'slightly stained in onion

Legs. If a sufficient quantity of dubbing cannot be picked out for the legs, two or three turns of a Ginger Dun hackle can be added, and will help to keep the wings upright. Put these on last, whipping them on the bare hook, and finish at the head. Hook No. 2., Grayling.

Remarks. This elegant fly kills well till June made as follows: Body of yellow silk waxed, with a very little Blue Dun fur from rat, mouse, mole, or rabbit, spun upon the silk so that the yellow shows through. Body tapering from shoulder to tail.

Legs. A Honey Dun hackle; four or five turns.

Wings. A starling's quill feather, put on last, on the bare hook, so as to stand up boldly.

Thus made, it is a good Fly for Parr. When you can put this fly together well you have reason to hope you are improving: for the Duns are delicate insects to imitate. Wax your silk lightly.

Order, Hemiptera
Family, Hydrometridce
Genus, Velia
Species, rivulorum.

No. 5. GREAT DARK DRONE (saw Ely,
Great Dark Dun.)

Order, Hymenoptera
Family, Tenthredinidce
Genus, Dolerus
Species, niger.


Order, Diptera
Family, Muscidai
Genus, Scatophaga
Species, stercoraria.

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