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tackle-makers know so well how to describe and recommend. These gentlemen should be listened to, even although one may sometimes pay rather dearly for the whistle. More fish than cash is taken by their nets after all; and every body knows the peculiar comfort of being well provided with tackle (and Prog by the bye) when distant from the sources of provision. We also know the pride and pleasure of supplying a "Venator" with a seasonable well-made fly or a length of gut, all which has many a time led to an agreeable acquaintance with a brother angler.
RECIPES FOR DYEING AND STAINING
1. TO DTE WHITE FEATHERS A DUN COLOUR.
Make a mordant by dissolving about a quarter of an ounce of alum in a pint of water, and slightly boil the feathers in it, taking care that they shall be thoroughly soaked or saturated with the solution; then boil them in other water with fustick, shumach, and a small quantity of copperas, put into it until they have assumed the required tint. The fustick and copperas will make a yellow dun tint; the shumach and copperas a blue dun tint. The greater the quantity of copperas the deeper will be the dye.
2. TO TURN BED HACKLES BROWN.
Put a piece of copperas, the size of half a walnut, into a pint of water; boil it, and whilst boiling put in the red feathers. Let them remain until by frequent examination they are found to have taken the proper colour.
3. TO STAIN FEATHERS AN OLIVE DUN, ETC.
Make a very strong infusion of the outside brown leaves or coating of an onion root, by allowing the ingredients to stand warm by the fire for ten or twelve hours. If dun feathers are boiled in this dye they will become an olive dun; and white feathers a yellow. If a small piece of copperas be added the latter colour will become a useful muddy yellow, darker or lighter as may be required, and approaching to a yellow olive dun, according to the quantity of copperas used.
4. TO DYE A MALLARD'S FEATHER FOR THE GREEN DRAKE.
Tie up some of the best feathers in bunches of a dozen, and boil them in the same mordant of alum as given in No. 1., merely to get the grease out. Then boil them in an infusion of fustick to procure a yellow, and subdue the brightness of this yellow by adding nitrate of copper to the infusion.
5. TO DTE FEATHERS DARK RED AND PURPLE.
Hackles of various colours, boiled (without alum) in an infusion of logwood and Brazil wood dust until they are as red as they can be made by this means, may be changed to a deeper red by putting them into a mixture of muriatic acid and tin, and to a purple by a warm solution of potash. As the muriatic acid is not to be saturated with tin, the solution must be much diluted. If it burns your tongue much, it will burn the feathers a little.
6. TO DTE RED HACKLES A CLARET COLOUR.
Boil a tea-spoonful of Brazil wood in half a pint of water, and simmer some lightish furniss hackles in this for a quarter of an hour. Then take them out and immerse them in muriate of tin, with the addition of a little muriatic acid. Wash and dry.
7. TO DTE FEATHERS VARIOUS SHADES OF RED, AMBER,
First boil them in the alum mordant (see No. 1.) ; secondly, boil them in an infusion of fustick strong enough to bring them to a bright yellow (about a table-spoonful to a pint of water), then boil them in a dye of mather, peach wood, or Brazil wood. To set the colour, put a few drops of "dyer's spirit" (i.e. nitrate of tin combined with a small quantity of common salt,) which may be had from a silk dyer, into the last mentioned dye.
8. TO STAIN SILK. GUT THE COLOUR OF RET, WEEDS, ETC.
Make an infusion of onion coatings (see No. 3.), put the gut into it when quite cold, and let it remain until the hue becomes as dark as may be required.
Gut may be stained in an infusion of green tea, a useful colour for some waters.
A dye of logwood will turn it to a pale blue; especially with the addition of a little copperas.
Although anglers mostly prefer the natural feather to the dyed one; yet, as the exact tints cannot be always obtained, artificial means must be frequently resorted to. Even prejudice too must admit that dyed feathers take the water more readily than others. The difficulty of wetting some feathers, especially of sea-fowl and pigeons, is a great objection to their use.
MANNER OF FISHING FOB TROUT AND GRAYLING.
"With rod and line I sued the sport
When the rod is put together, the rings upon it should fall into a line with each other. The reel containing the line is sometimes attached to a belt round the body, but generally to the rod at the distance of ten to fourteen inches from the end of the butt, (i. e.) that place where it produces a small and pleasant degree of counterbalance to the upper end of the rod.* The fine end of the line with a loop receives the foot line with a draw-knot, and to the fine end of the foot line is attached a fly or palmer, which is called the Stretcher. Other flies, which are made fast to the foot line, are called Droppers, two of which are generally sufficient. The first dropper is placed at about one yard and a quarter distant from the stretcher, the second about a yard from the first, each upon a piece of gut about four inches long. And the knots used
* Some of the best rod makers now place it quite at the end, and my practice seems to prove that this is the best position for it.