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No. 40. THE CINNAMON FLY. This fly comes from a water pupa. There are many species. The larger ones being stronger can resist the force of rain and wind better than that represented, and are therefore not so well known to the fish. It should be used after a heavy shower, and also on a windy day. In both cases very great diversion may be expected with it.

IMITATION. Body. Fawn-coloured floss silk, tied on with silk thread of the same colour.

WINGS. Feather of a yellow brown hen's wing, rather darker than the landrail's wing feather.

LEGS. A ginger hackle.

It is made buzz with a red hackle from the grouse, or a red hackle stained brown with copperas, and tied on the same body.

Hook No. 3. long. REMARKS. So numerous are the species of Caddis Fly resembling the above, different on different waters, that the angler must use his own observation. A wren's tail feather, wound round a hare's-ear body, will aid him in giving the rich brown tint common to many of the genus, and the landrail's quill feather will be sufficiently dark with this hackle.

The Sheffield anglers use a fly they call Partridge Rump, which may be noticed here as proper for this part of the season.

Hook No. 4. long; body, yellow silk (not floss); feather, partridge rump. The head is formed with copper-coloured peacock's herl. A good killer in Derbyshire waters. It is the yellow-bodied Harry-long-legs.

No. 41. THE BLUE BOTTLE. This and the House Fly become blind and weak in this month, and are therefore frequently driven on to the water on windy days, when very good sport may be expected with them. The Blue Bottle is perhaps to be preferred. It may be used until cold weather sets in, especially after a frosty night.

IMITATION.

OW

Body. Bright blue floss silk tied with light brown silk thread, showing the brown at the head.

WINGS. Feather of the starling's wing.

LEGS. Black hackle from a cock wrapped down the principal part of the body.

Hook No. 3. short.

To make it buzz, a dark dun hackle may be wound upon the above body.

REMARKS. The House or Shade-Fly (Musca domestica) may be noticed here. A first-rate angler used to make it thus, for July:

WINGS. From under covert feather of waterhen's wing.

LEGS. Blue starling feather.
BODY. Light brown and pea.green wool mixed.

Head. Green peacock's herl, and three laps under the wings.

Hook No. 2. short.

A first-rate killer.

The larvæ of various flesh-flies, of which, under the name of “gentles,” even the fly-fisher at times avails himself, to conceal his hook, have a curious history of their own. The eggs laid by the parent fly, when she “ blows” any fish or flesh, sometimes hatch in the short space of two hours. It has been found (by Redi) that these maggots, of which one day it took thirty to weigh a grain, weighed the next day seven grains each: having thus in twenty-four hours become about 200 times heavier than before (Kirby and Spence, vol. ii. p. 398.). When full grown, these gentles quit their prey, to bury, and assume the pupa state.

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