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THE WAGES QUESTION A TREATSIE ON WAGES AND THE WAGES CLASS
FRANCIS A WALKER, M.A., Ph.D.
Повний перегляд - 1876
Adam Smith advantage afford agricultural laborers amount average become body of laborers Cairnes capitalist cause cent competition condition cooperation cost degree diminishing diminishing returns distribution doctrine earnings Econ economical economists effect efficiency of labor employer employing class employment England English exist fact factories force France furnished increase Industrial Classes interest Ireland J. S. Mill laborer's laboring classes laboring power laissez faire land less loss manufacture matter ment mobility nature necessary wages number of laborers occupations operations paid pauper payment perfect competition perhaps persons ployers political economy population portion principle production Prof profits proportion question reason receive reduced remuneration rent Report respect result returns of capital Russia says Scotland shillings social society Statistical Journal strikes subsistence term tion trade truck truck system true wage-fund wage-laborer wages class wealth women workmen
Сторінка 80 - The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives. A plentiful subsistence increases the bodily strength of the labourer, and the comfortable hope of bettering his condition and of ending his days, perhaps, in ease and plenty animates him to exert that strength to the utmost. Where wages are high, accordingly, we shall always find the workmen more active, diligent, and expeditious than where they are...
Сторінка 193 - The whole of the advantages and disadvantages of the different employments of labour and stock must, in the same neighbourhood, be either perfectly equal or continually tending to equality. If, in the same neighbourhood, there was any employment evidently either more or less advantageous than the rest, so many people would crowd into it in the one case, and so many would desert it in the other, that its advantages would soon return to the level of the other employments.
Сторінка 174 - It predicts only such of the phenomena of the social state as take place in consequence of the pursuit of wealth. It makes entire abstraction of every other human passion or motive, except those which may be regarded as perpetually antagonizing principles to the desire of wealth, namely, aversion to labor and desire of the present enjoyment of costly indulgences.
Сторінка 75 - Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden ; give him * Arthur Young's Trtnelt m francl, ml. ip 88. « Ibid. p. 61. a nine years lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 392 - It laid down that: if any artificers, workmen or labourers do conspire, covenant or promise together or make any oaths that they shall not make or do their works but at a certain price and rate, or shall not enterprise or take upon them to finish that another hath begun, or shall do but a certain work in a day, or shall not work but at certain hours and times...
Сторінка 171 - To him that hath shall be given ; and from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath.
Сторінка 62 - The gaping chinks admitted every blast; the leaning chimneys had lost half their original height; the rotten rafters were evidently misplaced; while in many instances the thatch, yawning in some parts to admit the wind and wet, and in all utterly unfit for its original purpose of giving protection from the weather, looked more like the top of a dunghill than a cottage.
Сторінка 80 - The liberal reward of labour, as it encourages the propagation, so it increases the industry of the common people. The wages of labour are the encouragement of industry, which-, like every other human quality, improves in proportion to the encouragement it receives.
Сторінка 328 - Realm only, and not otherwise ; and that if in any such Contract the Whole or any Part of such Wages shall be made payable in any Manner other than in the current Coin aforesaid, such Contract shall be and is hereby declared illegal, null, and void.