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Your Lordship appears as great in your private life, as in the most important offices which you have borne. I would therefore rather chuse to speak of the pleasure you afford all who are admitted into your conversation, of your elegant taste in all the polite parts of learning, of your great humanity and complacency of manners, and of the lurprizing infuence which is peculiar to you, in making every one, who conyerses with your Lordship, prefer you to himself, without thinking the less meanly of his own talents. But if I should take notice of all that might be observed in your Lordship, I should have nothing new to say upon any other character of distinction. I am,

My Lord,

Your Lordship's moft obedient,

most devoted, humble Servant,



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Have observed, that a reader seldom or meadow, during the space of six hunknows whether the writer of it be a family, that when my mother was gone black or a fair man, of a mild or cho- with child of me about three months, leric disposition, married or a bachelor; the dreamit that she was brought-to-bed with other particulars of the like na- of a Judge: whether this might proceed ture, that conduce very much to the from a law-fuit which was then deright understanding of an author. To pending in the family, or my father's gratify this curiosity, which is so na- being a justice of the peace, I cannot tural to a reader, I design this paper determine; for I am not so vain as to and my next as prefatory discourses think it presaged any dignity that ! to my following writings, and shall should arrive at in my future life, though give some account in them of the several that was the interpretation which the persons that are engaged in this work. neighbourhood put upon it. The goaAs the chief trouble of compiling, di- vity of my behaviour at my very first gelting, and correcting, will fall to my appearance in the world, and all the time Ihare, I must do myself the justice to that I sucked, seemed to favour my open the work with my own history. mother's dream; for, as the has often

I was born to a small hereditary estate, told me, I threw away my rattle before which; according to the tradition of the I was two months old, and would not vilage where it lies, was bounded by make use of my coral until they had the same hedges and ditches in William taken away the bells from it. the Conqueror's time that it is at pre- As for the rest of my infancy, there fent, and has been delivered down from being nothing in it remarkable, I ftall father to son whole and entire, without pass it over in silence. I find, that, the loss or acquisition of a fingle field during my nonage, I had the reputa


tion of a very sullen youth; but was al. Lane and the Haymarket. I have been ways a favourite of my schoolmatter, taken for a merchant upon the Exchange who used to say, 'that my parts were so- for above these ten years, and sometimes • lid, and would wear well.'. I had not pass for a Jew in the assembly of stockbeen long at the university, before I din jobbers at Jonathan's. In tho i,wherever ftinguished myself by a moit profound I see a clutter of people, I always mix filence; for during the space of eight with them, though I never open my years, excepting in the public exercises lips but in my own club. of the college, I scarce uttered the quan

Thus I live in the world rather as a tity of an hundred words; and, indeed, Spectator of mankind, than as one of do not remember that I evci spoke three the species; by which means I have made fentences together in my whole life. mytelf a speculative ftatesman, soldier, Whilit I was in this learned body, I merchant, and artisan, without ever applied myself with so much diligence meddling with any practical part in life. to my studies, that there are very few I am very well verled in the theory of a celebrated books, either in the learned husband or a father; and can discern the or the modern tongues, which I am not errors in the economy, business, and acquainted with.

diversion of others, heiter than those Upon the death of my father, I was who are engaged in them; as standers.' resolved to travel into foreign countries; by discover blots, which are apt to and therefore left the university, with eicape those who are in the game. I the character of an odd, unaccountable never espoused any party with violence, fellow, that had a great deal of learning, and am resolved to observe an exact if I would but thew it. An insatiable neutrality between the Whigs and To. thirst after knowledge carried me into ries, unless I shall be forced to declare all the countries of Europe, in which mylėlf by the hotilities of either side. there was any thing new or strange to In thort, I have acted in all the parts of be seen; nay, to such a degree was iny my life as a looker-on, which is the curiosity raised, that having read the character I intend to preserve in this controversies of some great men paper. cerning the antiquities of Egypt, I made I have given the reader just so much a voyage to Grand Cairo, on purpose to of my history and character, as to let take the measure of a pyramid; and as him see I am not altogether unqualified foon as I had set inyíelf right in that for the business I have undertaken. As particular, returned to my native coun- for other particulars in my life and adtry with great satisfaction.

ventures, I shall infert them in followI have passed my latter years in this ing papers as I Thail sce cccasion.

In city, where I am frequently seen in most the mean time, when I consider how public places, though there are not alove much I have seen, read, and heard, I half a dozen of my select friends that begin to blame my own taciturnity; and know me;

of whom my next paper (hall fince I have neither time nor inclination give a more particular account. There to communicate the fulness of my heart is no place of general resort, wherein I in speech, I am resolved to do it in do not often make my appearance; tome- writing, and to print myself out, if times I am feen thrusting my head into possible, before I die. I have been often a round of politicians at Will's, and cold by my friends, that it is pity so listening with great attention to the many useful discoveries which I have narratives that are made in those lit- made should be in the possession of a tle circular audiences. Sometimes I

filent man.

For this reason, therefore, smoke a pipe at Child's, and whilit I fall publish a sheet-full of thoughts I seem aitentive to nothing but the every morning, for the benefit of my Poftman, overhear the convertation contemporaries; and if I can any way of every table in the room. 1


contribute to the diversion or improvepear on Sunday nights at St. James's ment of the country in which I live, I Coifee-house; and sometimes join tie thall leave it, when I am fummoned out little committee of politics in the inner of it, with the secret fatisfaction of thinkroom, as one who comes there to hear ing that I have not lived in vain. and iinprove. My face is likewise very There are three very material points well known at the Grecian, the Cocoa which I have not token to in this paTree, and in the theatres both of Drury per; and which, for several important


realons, I must keep to myself, at least the progress of the work I have under. for some time: I mean, an account of taken. Idy name, my age, and my lodgings. I After having been thus particular upon muft confess, I would gratify my reader myself, I shall in to-morrow's paper in any thing that is reasonable; but as give an account of those gentlemen who for these three particulars, though I am are concerned with me in this work: for, sensible they might tend very much to as I have before intimated, a plan of it the embellishment of my paper, I can- is laid and concerted, as all other matnot yet come to a resolution of commu. ters of importance are, in a club. Hownicating them to the public. They ever, as my friends have engaged me to would indeed draw me out of that ob. stand in the front, those who have a mind {curity which I have enjoyed for many to correspond with me, may direct their years, and expose me in public places letters to the Spectator, at Mr. Buckto several falutes and civilities, which ley's, in Little Britain. For I must have been always very disagreeable to further acquaint the reader, that though mbe; for the greatest pain I can suffer is, our club meets only on Tuesdays and the being talked to, and being stared at. Thursdays, we have appointed a comIt is for this reason likewise, that I mittee to fit every night for the inspection keep my complexion and dress as very of all such papers as may contribute to great secrets; though it is not impossible the advancement of the public weal. but I may make discoveries of both, in



IT PLURLS UNO CONCLAMANT ORE. — Juv. Sat. 7. v. 167.


THE firft of our society is a gentle coffee-house for calling him youngster.

man of Worcestershire, of ancient But being ill used by the above-mendescent, a baronet, his name Sir Roger tioned widow, he was very serious for de Coverley. His great grandfather was a year and a half; and though, his teminvestor of that famous country-dance per being naturally jovial, he at last got which is called after him. All who over it, he grew careless of himself, and know that fire are very well acquaint- never dresled afterwards. He continues ed with the parts and merits of Sir Ro. to wear a coat and doublet of the same ger. He is a gentleman that is very cut that were in fashion at the time of Ungular in his behaviour, but his fin his repulse, which in his merry humours, gularities proceed from his good sense, he tells us, has been in and out twelve and are contradictions to the manners times Gnce he first wore it. It is said. of the world, only as he thinks the world Sir Roger grew humble in his desires is in the wrong. However, this hu- after he had forgot this cruel beauty, mour creates him no enemies, for he infomuch that it is reported he has fredoes nothing with fourness or obstinacy; quently offended in point of chastity and his being unconfined to modes and with beggars and gyplies: but this is forms makes him but the readier and looked upon by his friends rather as more capable to please and oblige all matter of raillery than truth, He is now who know him. When he is in town, in his fifty-fixth year, chearful, gay, he lives in Soho Square. It is said, he and hearty; keeps a good house both in keeps himself a bachelor, by reason he town and country; a great lover of manwas crossed in love by a perverse beaue kind; but there is such a mirthful cast tiful widow of the next county to him. in his behaviour, that he is rather beBefore this disappointment, Sir Roger loved than esteemed. His tenants grow was what you call a fine gentleman, rich, his servants look satisfied, all the had often supped with my Lord Roo young women profess love to him, and chester and Sir George Etherege, fought the young men are glad of his company; a duel upon his firit coming to town, when he comes into a house, he calls the apd kicked Bully Dawson in a public servants by their names, and talks all



the way up-fairs to a visit. I must not reason, and great experience. His no. omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the tions of trade are noble and generous, quorurn; that he fills the chair at a quar- and (as every rich man has usually fome ter-feffion with g eat abilities, and three fly way of jefting, which would make months ago g. ined universal applause no great figure were he not a rich man) bv explaining a passage in the game

he calls the sea the British Common. aet.

He is acquainted with commerce in all The gentleman next in esteem and it's parts, and will tell you, that it is a authority among us, is another bache- ftupid and barbarous way to extend do. lor, who is a member of the Inner- minion by arms; for true power is to be Temple; a man of great probity, wit, got by arts and induttry. He will often and understanding; but he has chosen argue, that if this part of our trade were his place of residence, rather to obey the well cultivated, we should gain from direction of an old humoursome father, one nation; and if another, from ano. than in pursuit of his own inclinations. ther. I have heard hiin prove, that diHe was placed there to study the laws ligence makes more lasting acquisitions of the land, and is the most learned of than valour, and that lloth has ruined any of the hole in thofe of the itage. more nations than the tword. He abounds Aristotle and Longinus are much better in several frugal maxims, amongst which understood by him than Littleton or the greateli favourite is- A penny Coke. The father fends up every post • Javed is a penny got. A general questions relating to marriage articles, trader of good fente is pleasanter com. leases, and tenures, in the neighbour- pany than a general scholar; and Sir hood; all which questions he agrees with Andrew having a natural unaffected eloan atiorney to aniwer and take care of quence, the perspicuity of his discourse in the lump. He is ftudying the paí: gives the same pleasure that wit would fions themfelves, when he should be en- in another man. He has made his forquiring into the debates among men tunes himself; and says that England which arise from them. He knows the may be richer than other kingdoms, by argument of each of the orations of De. as plain methods as he himtelf is richer mosthenes and Tully; but not one case than other men; though at the fame time in the reports of our own courts. No I can say this of liini, that there is not a one ever took him for a fool, but none, point in the compass bri: blows home a except his intimate friends, know hé ihip in which he is an owner. has a great deal of wit. This turn Next to Sir Andrew in the club room makes him at once both disinterested fits Captain Sentry, a gentleman of great and agreeable: as few of his thoughts courage, good unde:ftanding, but inare drawn from business, they are most vincible modeft;. He is one of those of them fit for convertation. His taste that deserve very well, but are very aukof books is a little too just for the age ward at putting their talents within the he lives in; he has read all, but approves observation of such as should take no. of very few. His familiarity with the

tice of them. Ile was fome years a c?pcuftoms, manners, actions, and writings tain, and behaved himielf with great of the ancients, makes him a very deli- gallantry in feveral engagements, and cate observer of what occurs to him in at several ficges; but having a Imall the present world. He is an excellent eltate of his own, and being next heir critic, and the time of the play is his to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of hour of butiness; exa&tly at five he life in which no man can rife suitably to pailes through New Inn, crefies through his merit, who is not something of a Rufiel Court, and takes a turn at Will's courtier, as well as a soldier. I have till the play begins; he has his shoes' heard himn cfien lainent, that in a prorubbed and his pariwig powdered at the fellion where merit is placed in fo conbarber's as you go intu the Rose. It is {picuous a vicw, impudence should get for the good of the audience when he is the better of modity. When he has at a play, for the actors have an an- talked to this purpose, I never heard bition to please liim.

him make a four expression, but frankly The person of next confideration, is confei's that he left the world because Sir Andrew Freeport, a merchant of he was not fit for it. A strict honeity, great eniinence in the city of London; a and an even regular behaviour, are in person of indefatigüble industry, strong therdelves obitacles to him that must


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