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Desiring that the Union may be maintained we must seek again the road so plainly indicated to us by Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and Jackson, the greatest men the South has yet produced. In common with Franklin and Adams, Hancock and Hamilton, those

men clearly saw that it was to the industrial element we were to look for that cement by which our people and our States were to be held together. Forgetting all the lessons they had taught, we have now so long been following in the direction indicated by our British free trade friends—by those who now see, as was seen before the Revolution, in the dispersion of our people the means of maintaining colonial vassalage —that already are they congratulating themselves upon the approaching dissolution of the Union, and the entire re-establishment of British influence over this northern portion of the continent. For proof of this, permit me to refer you to the following extracts from the Morning Post, now the recognised organ of the Palmerstonian government:

“If the Northern States should separate from the Southern on the question of slavery — one which now so fiercely agitates the public mind in America—that portion of the Grand Trunk Railway which traverses Maine, might at any day be closed against England, unless, indeed, the people of that State, with an eye to commercial profit, should offer to annex themselves to Canada. On military, as well as commercial grounds, it is obviously necessary that British North America should possess on the Atlantic a port open at all times of the year—a port which, whilst the terminus of that railway communication which is destined to do so much for the development and consolidation of the wealth and prosperity of British North America, will make England equally in peace and war independent of the United States. . We trust that the question of confederation will be speedily forced upon the attention of her Majesty’s Ministers. The present time is the most propitious for its discussion. . . . . . If slavery is to be the Nemesis of Republican America—if separation is to take place—the confederated States of British North America, then a strong and compact nation, would virtually hold the balance of power on the continent, and lead to the restoration of that influence which, more than eighty years ago, England was supposed to have lost. This object, with the uncertain future of Republican institutions in the United States before us, is a subject worthy of the early and earnest consideration of the Parliament and people of the mother country.”

Shall these anticipations be realised ? That they must be so, unless our commercial policy shall be changed, is as certain as that the light of day will follow the darkness of the night. Look where we may, discord, decay, and slavery, march hand in hand with the British free trade system—harmony and freedom, wealth and strength, on the contrary, growing in all those countries by which that system is resisted. Such having been, and being now, the case, are you not, my dear sir, in your steady advocacy of Carolinian policy among ourselves, doing all that lies in your power toward undoing the work that was done by the men of '76?

Repeating once again my offer to place your answers to this and other questions within the reach of a million and a half of protectionist readers, I remain, Yours, very respectfully,


PHILADELPHIA, March 21, 1860.

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“Full of important facts bearing on topics that are now agitating all Europe. 3% These quotations will only whet the appetite of the scientific reader to devour the whole work. It is a book full of valuable information.”—Economist. “Decidedly a book to be read by all who take an interest in the progress of social science.”—Spectator. “A Southern man myself, never given to tariff doctrines, I confess to have been convinced by his reasoning, and, thank Heaven, have not now to learn the difference between dogged obstinacy and consistency. “Ye gods, give us but light !” should be the motto of every inquirer after truth, but for far different and better purposes than that which prompted the exclamation.”—The late John S. Skinner. +. “A volume of extensive information, deep thought, high intelligence, and moreover of material utility.”—London. Morning Advertiser. “ Emanating from an active intellect, remarkable for distinct views and sincere convictions.”—Britannia. “‘The Past, Present, and Future,” is a vast summary of progressive philosophy, wherein he demonstrates the benefit of political economy in the onward progress of mankind, which, ruled and directed by overwhelming influences of an exterior nature, advances little by little, until these exterior influences are rendered subservient in their turn, to increase as much as possible the extent of their wealth and riches.”

—Dictionnaire Universel des Contemporains. Par G. Vapereau. Paris, 1858.

Principles of Social Science,
Three Volumes, 8vo., cloth.................................. $7.50

CONTIENTS.—Volume I. Of Science and its Methods—Of Man the Subject of Social Science—Of Increase in the Numbers of Mankind —Of the Occupation of the Earth—Of Value—Of Wealth—Of the Formation of Society—Of Appropriation—Of Changes of Matter in Place —Of Mechanical and Chemical Changes in the Forms of Matter. Volume II. Of Vital Changes in the Form of Matter—Of the Instrument of Association. Volume III. Of Production and Consumption—Of Accumulation—Of Circulation—Of Distribution—Of Concentration and Centralization—Of Competition—Of Population—Of Food and Population—Of Colonization—Of the Malthusian Theory—Of Commerce—Of the Societary Organization—Of Social Science.

“I have no desire here to reproach Mr. Malthus with the extreme lightness of his scientific baggage. In his day, biology, animal and vegetable chemistry, the relations of the various portions of the human organism, etc. etc., had made but little progress, and it is to the general ignorance in reference to these questions that we must, as I think, look for explanation of the fact that he should, with so much confidence, in reference to so very grave a subject, have ventured to suggest a formula, so arbitrary in its character, and one whose hollowness becomes now so clearly manifest. Mr. Carey’s advantage over him, both as to facts and logic, is certainly due in great part to the progress that has since been made in all the sciences connected with life; but then, how admirably has he profited of them How entirely is he au courant of all these branches of knowledge which, whether directly or indirectly, bear upon his subject . With what skill does he ask of each and every of them all that it can be made to furnish, whether of facts or arguments With what elevated views, and what amplitude of means, does he go forward in his work Above all, how thorough in his scientific caution Accumulating inductions, and presenting for consideration facts the most undoubted and probabilities of the highest kind, he yet affirms nothing, contenting himself with showing that his opponent had no good reason for affirming the nature of the progression, nor the time of duplication, nor the generalization which takes the facts of an individual case and deduces from them a law for every race, every climate, every civilization, every condjo, moral or physical, permanent and transient, healthy or unhealthy, of the various populations of the many countries of * world. Then, having reduced the theory to the level of a mere hypothesis, he crushes it to atoms under the weight of facts,”— M. De Fontenay in the “Journal des Economistes.” Paris, September, 1862. “This book is so abundantly full of notices, facts, comparisons. calculations, and arguments, that too much would be lost by laying a part of it before the eye of the reader. The work is vast and severe in its conception and aim, and is far removed from the common run of the books on similar subjects.”—ll Mondo Letterario, Turin. “In political economy, America is represented by one of the strongest and most original writers of the age, Henry C. Carey, of Philadelphia. % * %. % . ; % * * * * % “His theory of Rents is regarded as a complete demonstration that the popular views derived from Ricardo are erroneous ; and on the subject of Protection, he is generally confessed to be the masterthinker of his country.”—Westminster Review, “Both in America and on the Continent, Mr. quired a great name as a political economist. “His refutation of Malthus and Ricardo we consider most triumphant.”—London Critic. “Mr. Carey began his publication of Principles twenty years ago ; he is certainly a mature and deliberate writer. More than this, he is readable : his pages swarm with illustrative facts and with American “We are in great charity with books which, like Mr. Carey's, theorize with excessive boldness, when the author, as does Mr. Carey, possesses information and reasoning power.”—Londom Athema:um. “Those who would fight against the insatiate greed and unscrupulous misrepresentations of the Manchester school, which we have frequently exposed, without any of their organs having ever dared to make reply, will find in this and Mr. Carey’s other works an immense store of arms and ammunition. * * + % # * % “An author who has, among the political economists of Germany and France, numerous readers, is worth attentive perusal in England.”—Lomdom. Statesman. “Of all the varied answers to the old cry of human nature, ‘Who will show us any good so none are more sententious than Mr. Carey's. He says to Kings, Presidents, and People, “Keep the nation at work, and the greater the variety of employments the better.” He is seek. ing and elucidating the great radical laws of matter as regards man.

He is at once the apostle and evangelist of temporal righteousness.” —National Intelligencer.

The Slave Trade, Domestic and Foreign; Why it Exists, and How it may be Extinguished. 12mo.,

cloth.. e e g o e g o o e e & 9 o' & Q 6 to 9 9 go to $ to o o & © 9 & © a g to * @ 9 & 5 & 8 & 9 to e o e o a s & e o e g o e & ...... 81.25

CONTENTS.—The Wide Extent of Slavery—Of Slavery in the British Colonies—Of Slavery in the United States—Of Emancipation in the British Colonies—How Man passes from Poverty and Slavery toward Wealth and Freedom—How Wealth tends to Increase—How Labor acquires Value and Man becomes Free—How Man passes from Wealth and Freedom toward, Poverty and Slavery–How Slavery grew, and How it is now maintained in the West Indies—How Slavery grew, and is maintained in the United States—How Slavery grows in Portugal and Turkey—How Slavery grows in India—How Slavery grows in Ireland and Scotland—How Slavery grows in England— How can Slavery be extinguished?—How Freedom grows in Northern Germany—How Freedom grows in Russia—How Freedom grows in Denmark—How Freedom grows in Spain and Belgium—Of the Duty

of the People of the United States—Of the Duty of the People of England.

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——-4------so "s4–$– French Politico, Economic Controversy, Between the Supporters of the Doctrines of CAREY and of these of RICARDo and MALTHUs. By MM. De Fontenay,

Dupuit, Baudrillart, and others. Translated from the
“Journal des Economistes,” 1862–63. (In press.)

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