Remote sensing of the environment: an earth resource perspective
Prentice Hall, 2000 - 544 стор.
This book introduces the principles of remote sensing from an Earth resource perspective. It describes a) the fundamental characteristics of electromagnetic radiation and how the energy interacts with Earth materials such as vegetation, water, soil and rock, b) how the energy reflected or emitted from these materials is recorded using a variety of remote sensing instruments (e.g., cameras, multispectral scanners, hyperspectral instruments, RADAR), and c) how we can extract fundamental biophysical or land use/land cover information from the remote sensor data. The history of remote sensing, the principles of visual photo-interpretation, and photogrammetry are also presented. Application chapters focus on remote sensing of vegetation, water, urban land use, and soil/rock and geomorphic features. The book was written for physical, natural, and social scientists interested in how remote sensing of the environment can be used to solve real-world problems. The following features make this book easy to comprehend and apply: a) it contains hundreds of illustrations specially designed to make complex principles easy to understand, b) a substantial reference list at the end of each chapter, c) the 8.5 x 11" format allows the remote sensing images and diagrams to be easily interpreted, d) 32 pages of color are used to display remote sensing images or biophysical information that may be extracted from remote sensor data, and e) an Appendix provides Internet addresses for the most important sources of remote sensing information. Exercises and book illustrations are made available to instructors via the author's website. This book is a companion to "Introductory Digital Image Processing: A Remote Sensing Perspective" (Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1996) which introduces the fundamentals of digital image analysis. It is ideal for undergraduate or graduate courses in airphoto interpretation and remote sensing.
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Electromagnetic Radiation Principles Conduction Convection and Radiation
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absorption aerial photography aircraft altitude analysis angle approximately atmosphere balloon bands black-and-white blue building camera canopy Chapter characteristics chlorophyll collection color-infrared deﬁned density detectors difﬁcult digital elevation model digital image processing Earth electromagnetic electromagnetic spectrum electron emulsion Engineering & Remote example exposure extract ﬁeld of view ﬁlm ﬁlter ﬁrst ﬂight green hyperspectral IKONOS image interpretation imagery incident Jensen Kodak Landsat landscape launched layer lens LIDAR light linear measurements microwave NASA near-infrared object obtained orbit orthophoto panchromatic parallax pattem percent Photogrammetric Photogrammetric Engineering pixel radar radiant energy radiant ﬂux radiometric reconnaissance recorded reﬂectance region Remote Sensing remote sensing systems remote sensor data satellite scale scanning scattering scientiﬁc Scientists sensed data shown in Figure signiﬁcant silver halide soil Space spatial resolution speciﬁc spectral reﬂectance spectrum stereoscopic surface temperature terrain Thematic Mapper thermal infrared tion urban vegetation visible wavelength