The purchase clauses of the Irish land acts, speech made in the House of commons, 2nd May 1879, and papers written on the same subject, Том 3

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Сторінка 13 - An activity has been here, that has swept away all difficulties before it, and has clothed the very rocks with verdure. It would be a disgrace to common sense to ask the cause; the enjoyment of property must have done it. Give a man the secure possession of a bleak rock, and he will turn it into a garden; give him a nine years' lease of a garden, and he will convert it into a desert.
Сторінка 13 - Should it be supported in its present vigour for another half century, la grande nation will certainly he the greatest pauper warren in Europe; and will, along with Ireland, have the honour of furnishing hewers of wood and drawers of water for all the other countries of the world.
Сторінка 13 - ... would be too great for it. It was sufficient to prove that property in land is, of all others, the most active instigator to severe and incessant labour.
Сторінка 6 - In view of the importance," the resolution ran, " of a considerable addition to the number of owners of land in Ireland among the class of persons cultivating its soil, it is expedient that legislation should be adopted, without further delay, for increasing the facilities proposed with this object by the Irish Land Act (1870), and for securing for the tenants of land offered for sale the opportunity of purchase, consistently with the interests of the owners thereof.
Сторінка 6 - in view of the expediency of a considerable increase in the number of owners of land in Ireland among the class of persons cultivating its soil, legislation should be adopted for the purpose of increasing the facilities offered by the State with this object, and of securing to the tenants the opportunity of purchase on the sale of property consistently with the interests of the owners thereof.
Сторінка 11 - ... the farm, subject, of course, to the discharge of all arrears of rent, and to the purchaser being a solvent and acceptable person. Lord Headfort's late agent, continuing his evidence, said he was strongly in favour of creating a peasant proprietary in Ireland. This is what he said : — " I think it would be a most conservative measure — not using the word in a political sense — but as giving the occupiers of land that which they have not got now, namely, an attachment to the Constitution...
Сторінка 15 - Thus the distribution of a number of small properties among the peasantry forms a kind of rampart and safeguard for the holders of large estates; and peasant property may, without exaggeration, be called the lightning conductor that averts from society dangers which might otherwise lead to violent catastrophes. The concentration of land in large estates among a small number of families...
Сторінка 14 - The condition of the small proprietor varies very much in different departments, as also does the mode of cultivation ; but they will generally be found in easy circumstances, and living always in the hope of bettering them, and it is this hope which absolute possession engenders that stimulates them to fresh exertions, beneficial not only to themselves but to the community in general.
Сторінка 18 - There remains to consider the operation of Clause 46 of the Act, which directed the Landed Estates Court to give facilities to tenants desirous of purchasing their holdings by making lots, or otherwise, so far as this could be done without detriment to the interests of the owner of the estate, and directed them to hear applications on behalf of the tenants from the Board of Works in this respect.
Сторінка 7 - Persons who are now the occupying tenants in Ireland did not, as a rule, desire to buy their farms. The fact was that those persons were so contented with the position of tenants that though willing to give extraordinary sums for the right of occupation, they did not care to, as it appeared to them, unnecessarily waste their funds by purchasing the freehold

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