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ing List without seeing, that questions of CHURCH GOVERNMENT and DOCTRINAL VIEWs are unconnected with any particular interpretation of prophecy. Though, generally, sound scriptural principles are connected with the most valuable views of prophecy, yet it must be admitted that members of the most opposite denominations, and Christians holding very opposite sentiments in doctrine, often concur in the same views; and persons who are of the same denomination, or the same sentiments in doctrine, hold very opposing views of the same prophecy. It is hoped that this may dispel the alarm which some have felt, as if an attention to the subject was necessarily connected with serious mistake in doctrines.

The error likely to arise from the great apparent plausibility of some interpretations may be checked by the similar plausibility of opposite interpretations, and we may be sure nothing but the true counterpart of history will meet all the lines drawn in the original Document of Prophecy.

It is by no means recommended to readers in general to attempt to procure, or to read all the books here mentioned. It would only tend to confuse and distract the mind. A few of the most really useful have already been mentioned, and some notices are given of others in the following list. Providence often graciously puts us in the way of books, and of guides really useful to us; only let us not follow a vain curiosity, or self-will, but look upward for divine direction.

Those who have most usefully and successfully written on Prophecy have, as it has been noticed, availed themselves of the expositions given by their predecessors. Dean Woodhouse, who began simply by studying it on his own resources, unaided except by Bishop Hurd's introduction, found it valuable afterwards to make free use of the stores provided by others. It is the remark of another not unsuccessful writer, “In almost all authors on this subject, I have met with something that appeared to me excellent; [379] though differing in numerous instances from all, yet I have gathered a little from one and a little from another."

The variety of new systems of the Apocalypse is a serious - evil, and it is hoped that the present List of Books may help to check this evil. Men of talents, and imagination, and piety, are in danger of forming to themselves a system of the Apocalypse, without any careful study of even leading writers, who have gone before them. With great ingenuity they turn the figures of this book to their own views, and build up a beautiful theory; parts of which may indeed be true; but not having cautiously gone over the ground, nor duly considered the researches of their predecessors, they lose the benefit of lengthened experience, and the church loses that full benefit, which their ability and piety, directed to the elucidation of this book, might have imparted. The warning against false prophets (Matt. xxiv. 21-24) may teach both authors and readers, the danger of a false interpretation of prophecy, calculated to deceive the very elect .

It was the just remark of Sir Isaac Newton, a century back, “If the last age, the age of opening these things, be now approaching (as by the great success of the late interpreters it seems to be) we have more encouragement than ever to look into these things. If the general preaching of the gospel be approaching, it is to us and our posterity that these words mainly belong: In the time of the end the wise shall understand.Dan. xii. 9, 10.

The preaching of the gospel has taken place: “The main revolution,” which Newton mentions "as not yet come to pass,” many believe has come to pass; and the following List of Books will shew how extensively the servants of Christ, in the last half century, have turned their attention to prophecy. The Book is sealed to the time of the end, but then it is predicted, Many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased, (Dan. xii. 4;) and this list may show that these things are now taking place, and encourage every reader to a diligent study of prophecy.


The principal Jewish COMMENTATORS are Kimchi, Aben Ezra, A berbanel, R. S. Jarchi, &c. Schoetgen, Stehelin's Rabbinical [380] Literature (2 vols. Svo. 1748), and Wotton's Discourses, give information on the religious notions of the Jews.

The views of the FATHERS generally, on the subject of the Prophecies, must be sought for in the Commentaries which they have left on the various books of Scripture, and in incidental remarks in the earlier Fathers, who left no Commentaries, as Justin, Irenæus, Tertullian, Clemens, &c. The principal Commentators among the Fathers are Origen, Chrysostom, Eusebius, Jerom, Cyril, Ephraim Syrus, Gregory, Hilary, Augustine, Theodoret, Theophylact, &c. in Origen's work against Celsus, he illustrates the prophecies concerning Christ.

The incidental testimonies of the early Fathers, Latin and Greek, especially those of the three first centuries, to the personal coming and reign of Christ, are quoted by Homes on the Millennium, Burnet, in his Theory of the Earth, Greswell, in the first volume of his work on the Parables, Anderson's Apology, and in the Prophetical periodicals. After the Roman Empire became professedly Christian, and then really Antichristian, the præ-millennial coming of Christ was discountenanced. Various testimonies to sentiments similar to those of the early Fathers, from Jewish writers, and from the early Protestants, and their successors, are collected and given by Mr. Homes.

At the time of the REFORMATION, and shortly afterwards, many valuable Commentaries were published on the Prophetical Books; and though writers generally anticipated events, and many thought the Millennium past, and the day of judgment near, yet there is very much that is practical, holy, and useful in their expositions, and it would have been well if more attention had been subsequently paid to the system of illustrating scripture by exposition. There is a condensed view of the sentiments of the principal Reformers on those books, in the valuable Expositions of Marloratus on Genesis, the Psalms, Isaiah, and the New Testament.

The Reformers generally considered Popery as the Antichrist,* [381] and this sentiment powerfully aided them in the great work of Reformation.

The commentaries of the Fathers, and Reformers, and the writings of Brightman, Napier, Alstedius, &c. preceded Mede, but his works were eminently blessed in reviving attention to prophecy.

Mede (Jos.) Works. Folio, 1677. His Clavis Apocalyptica

was published in 1627.

Invaluable Expositions of various Prophecies, deserving and repaying the closest study. Molina (P.) Vates. 8vo. 1640. Tillinghast (John.) Generation Work. 3 Parts, 12mo. 1655. Knowledge of the Times. 12mo. 1654. Eight Last Ser

12mo. 1654. Tillinghast is a superior writer, both in practical and Evangelical sentiment, and in prophetical knowledge; and though he prematurely applied predictions, his work contains much that is useful. Willis (Thos.) A Word in season for a warning to England,

or a Prophecy of perilous times opened and applied. 12mo. 1659.


* Calvin says, "Papistæ Antichristum imaginati sunt, per tres Annos et dimidium vexaturus sit Ecclesiam. Omnes notæ quibus Antichristum designat Spiritus, in Papa clare apparent: sed ille triennalis Antichristus Papistas tenet occupatos ne videndo videant." See on 1 John ii. 18.

An application of 2 Tim. iii. 1, to the times of the Author. Smith (J.) Discourses. See Discourse six. 4to. 1673. Allen (Wm.) The State of the Church in Future Ages. 12mo.

1684. Jurieu (Peter.) Accomplishment of the Scripture Prophecies.

Svo. 3 vols. 1687-8. Beverley (Thos.) Many Works, in 4to. from 1687 to 1701. Witsh (Herm.) De Prophetis et Prophetia Misc. Sacra. 4to.

1692. Kortholl (C.) De Tribus Impostoribus. Herbert, Hobbes Spinosa. 4to. 1701. More (Henry.) Theological Works. Folio. 1708.

Many illustrations of the prophecies in these works. God's Judgments upon the Gentile Apostatized Churches. Svo.

1713. General Delusion of Christians touching God's way of reveal

ing himself to the Prophets. 8vo. 1713. Re-published,

8vo. 1832. Vilringa (Comp.) Typus Doctrinæ Propheticæ. 12mo. 1716.

Like Vitringa's other works, rich in matter and unction. Whiston (Wm.) The Accomplishment of Scripture Prophecies.

8vo. 1708. Literal Accomplishment of Scripture Prophe

cies. 8vo. 1724. Gurtleri (M.). Systema Theologiæ Phropheticæ. 4to. 1724.

A large collection of Prophecies and events supposed to fulfil them in all ages, arranged under periods; many useful thoughts. Hallett (Jos.) Notes on Peculiar Texts of Scripture. 3 vols.

8vo. 1729–36. Chandler (Bp.) Defence of Christianity, and Vindication. 3

vols. 8vo. 1725-8.

Able and useful works. Bullock (Thos.) The Reasoning of Christ and his Apostles,

and Vindication. 2 vols. 8vo. 1725-28. Fleming (Robt.) The Fulfilling of Scripture. Folio. 1726. Burnet (Thos.) Theory of the Earth. 2 vols. 8vo. 1728.

Some of the peculiarities of this writer have tended to discredit other scriptural doctrines which he supported. Berriman (W.) Gradual Revelation of the Gospel. 2 vols.

8vo. 1733. Twells (Leonard.) Boyle Lectures. 3 vols._1743. Sherlock (Thos.) The Use and Intent of Prophecy. Svo.


Dr. Middleton published an examination of this work, and was answered by Rutherforth, Laurence, Jackson and others.

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Gill (John.) Six Sermons on Prophecy. Svo. 1750–1755.

(In his Sermons and Tracts, 3 volumes, octavo.) Taylor (H.) Thoughts on the Nature of the Grand Apostacy.

8vo. 1781. Rotherham (John.) One great Argument formed from several

concurring Evidences. 8vo. 1753. Clayton (Bp.) A Dissertation on Prophecy, with an Explana

tion of the Revelation. 8vo. 1749. Newton (Bp.) Dissertations on the Prophecies. 8vo. 1754.

(Numerous Editions of this eminently useful work.) Sharpe (Greg.) Argument in Defence of Christianity. 8vo.

1762. Bossuet (J. B.) His Abridgement of Universal History. 12mo.


His 20th chapter contains a striking view of the judgments on Jews and Gentiles. Worthington (Wm.) The evidence of Christianity throughout

all ages. 2 vols. 8vo. 1769. Hardy (Sam.) Principal Prophecies of the Old and New Tes.

tament. 8vo. 1770. Hurd (Richd.) An Introduction to the Study of the Prophe

cies. 8vo. 1772.

Various editions of this useful work. Sharp (Granville.) Remarks on several Prophecies. 8vo. 1775. Venema (Her.) Prælectiones de Methode Prophetica. 4to.

1775. Bagot (Bp.) Warburton Lectures. 8vo. 1780. Churton (Ralph.) Bampton Lectures on the Destruction of

Jerusalem. 8vo. 1785. King (Edw.) Morsels of Criticism. 2 vols. 4to. 1788–

1800. Lowth (Bp.) Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews.

2 vols. 8vo. 1787. Apthorp (East.) Discourses on Prophecy. 2 vols. 8vo. 1786. Fraser (Alex.) A Key to the Prophecies of the Old and New

Testaments, which are not yet accomplished. 8vo. 1795. Wintle (Thos.) Bampton Lectures on Christian Redemption.

8vo. 1795. Whittaker (E. W.) View of the Prophecies, relative to the

Times of the Gentiles. 12mo. 1795. King (Ed.) Remarks on the Signs of the Times. 4to. 1798-9. Zouch (Thos.) An attempt to Illustrate Prophecies of the Old

and New Testament. 12mo. 1800. Richards (Geo.) Bampton Lectures, Origin of Prophecy. 8vo.


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