Scotland and France in the Enlightenment

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Deidre Dawson, Pierre Morere, Pierre Morère, Bucknell University Press, Associated University Presses
Bucknell University Press, 2004 - 348 стор.
The Scottish and French Enlightenments are arguably the two intellectual movements of the eighteenth century that were most influential in shaping the modern age. The essays in Scotland and France in the Enlightenment explore a wide range of topics of historical relevance to eighteenth-century scholars, while engaging students with broad interdisciplinary interests in the humanities and social sciences. The ways in which Scottish philosophy influenced French painting, how the Encyclopaedia Britannica presented the French Revolution, the impact of Macpherson's Ossian on the development of French Romanticism, the moral education of children, the relation between reflection and perception in the arts and in moral life, humankind's relationship to other animals, and the links between violence and imagination, fear and sanity, are only some of the topics covered. This challenging selection of essays comparing Scottish and French enlightenment views of natural history, jurisprudence, moral philosophy, history, and art history complicates and enriches the notion of Enlightenment, and will inaugurate a new field of Franco-Scottish studies.

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Зміст

Scotland and France in Smolletts Present State of All Nations 176869
35
The Story of a French and Scottish Fraud
61
Scottish Influences on JBA Suard and LateEighteenthCentury French Taste and Criticism
74
The French Taste for Scottish Literary Romanticism
90
Scott and France
108
French Art and the Scottish Enlightenment
128
Encylopaedias and Natural History
159
A Comparison of the Longevity of the Encyclopaedia Britannica with the Encyclopedie
161
Philosophy and Political Thought
219
Hume and French Philosophy
221
The Representation of Adam Smith and David Hume in the Année Littéraire and the Journal Encyclopédique
240
Sophie de Grouchys Translation and Critique of Smiths Theory of Moral Sentiments
264
Robert Wallace and Rousseau on the Republic of Virtue
284
A Comparative View of the Legal Enlightenment
305
Contributors
331
Index
335

The Encyclopaedia Britannica and the French Revolution
175
A Scottish Reception of Buffon and Condillac
192

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Сторінка 273 - The torpor of his mind renders him, not only incapable of relishing or bearing a part in any rational conversation, but of conceiving any generous, noble, or tender sentiment, and consequently of forming any just judgment concerning many even of the ordinary duties of private life.
Сторінка 267 - They are led by an invisible hand to make nearly the same distribution of the necessaries of life, which would have been made, had the earth been divided into equal portions among all its inhabitants, and thus, without intending it, without knowing it, advance the interests of society, and afford means to the multiplication of the species.
Сторінка 38 - A Compendium of Authentic and. Entertaining Voyages, digested in a chronological series ; the whole exhibiting a clear view of the Customs, Manners, Religion, Government, Commerce, and Natural History of most Nations of the Known World; illustrated with a variety of Genuine Charts, Maps, Plans, Heads, §c.
Сторінка 113 - But for this I would, in a Court of Honour, deserve to lose my spurs. No, if they permit me, I will be their vassal for life, and. dig in the mine of my imagination to find diamonds (or what may sell for such) to make good my engagements, not to enrich myself.
Сторінка 328 - In every religion, and in every superstition that the world has ever beheld, accordingly, there has been a Tartarus as well as an Elysium; a place provided for the punishment of the wicked, as well as one for the reward of the just.
Сторінка 278 - Since morals, therefore, have an influence on the actions and affections, it follows, that they cannot be deriv'd from reason; and that because reason alone, as we have already prov'd, can never have any such influence. Morals excite passions, and produce or prevent actions. Reason of itself is utterly impotent in this particular. The rules of morality, therefore, are not conclusions of our reason.
Сторінка 108 - And yet God knows I would fight in h[on]ourable contest with word or blow for my political opinions but I cannot permit that strife to 'mix its waters with my daily meal...
Сторінка 113 - BUONAPARTE, we are called upon to observe, that he was a man tried in the two extremities, of the most exalted power and the most ineffable calamity ; and if he occasionally appeared presumptuous when supported by the armed force of half a world, or unreasonably querulous when imprisoned within the narrow limits of St Helena, it is...
Сторінка 278 - But though reason is undoubtedly the source of the general rules of morality, and of all the moral judgments which we form by means of them; it is altogether absurd and unintelligible to suppose that the first perceptions of right and wrong can be derived from reason, even in those particular cases, upon the experience of which the general rules are formed.

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