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tiles, to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him ; and the third day he

shall rise again. 20 Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children, with her sons, 21 worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of bim. And he said

unto her: What wilt thou? She saith unto him: Grant that these my

two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, 22 in thy kingdom. But Jesus answered and said : Ye know not what ye

ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of? and to be

or

were exactly fulfilled.

He was

ed her to prefer this ambitious rebetrayed by Judas into the hands of quest. According to Mark, the sons the chief priests and Scribes. By themselves, James and John, are the them he was adjudged worthy of supplicants. Both the mother and death. He was handed over to her children were probably concernPontius Pilate, was mocked by ed in the application ; for Matthew Herod and the soldiers, was states, she came with her sons. They scourged, crucified, and on the third sbielded themselves under their day was raised from the dead. mother's mediation, froin the reNone but a supernatural foresight buke which had already been adcould have anticipated these partic- ministered to the aspiring. Mat. ulars; for, as has been observed, xviii. 3. humanly speaking, it was much 21. One on thy right hand, and the more probable that he would have other on the left. Their imaginations been privately assassinated, were possessed with the figure stoned in some transport of popular which Jesus had used of sitting upon fury, or by order of the Sanhedriin, thrones. That glittering prospect than that he should have been thus dazzled their eyes, and they could sentenced to crucifixion, a Roman not see or understand that sufferings punishment, with which he had and death awaited their Master and never been threatened. Notwith- themselves, before they could reign standing the plaipness of his decla- in their spiritual glory. In referrations, Luke tells us, that his disci- ence to eastern custoins, they desire ples " understood none of these the highest places of confidence things,” for they still labored under and honor with Jesus, indicated by the infatuation of expecting bis tem- sitting on his right and left hand. poral glory.

22. Ye know not what ye ask. For 20–28. Parallel to Mark x. 35 they mistook the nature of his king-45.

dom. How many parents know 20. Though the curtain of a dark not what they ask for their children, future had just been lifted by Jesus, when they desire pleasures, possesthis infatuation was illustrated anew sions, and honors of this world, for by the mother of two of the Apos- theni! For, without the jewel of tles, James and John. Her name virtue, they will be poor and inisewas Salome. Mat. xxvii. 56. Mark rable indeed, however rich or disxv. 40, xvi. 1. Her own services tinguished.-Cup that I shall drink to Jesus, the special favors he had of. An injage of his future sufferbestowed upon her sons, and the ings. Ps, xi. 6, lx. 3. Isa. li. 17. promise in Mat. xix. 28, embolden- Mat. xxvi. 39, John xviii. 11,

baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him: We are able. And he saith unto them: Ye shall drink jvdeed of 23 my cup; and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with; but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give; but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father. And 24 when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren. But Jesus called them unto him, and said : Ye know 25 that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. But it shall not be so 26 among you; but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister; and whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your ser- 27 The baptism that I am baptized with. 24. They were moved with indigAnother illustration, to the same nation. The ten were offended with purport. Martyrdom was called the the other two, as making a request baptism of blood ; repentance, the gainst their interests. Ambition is baptisın of tears, in oriental speech. always indignant at ambition. Can you meet the dangers and suf 25. As Jesus had before rebuked ferings I am destined to undergo ? their ambition by the presence of This clause is, however, expunged a child, so now he uses a new illusfrom the text in this and the next tration, to quell their aspiring temverse, as spurious, by Griesbach and per. Calling them together, he diother great critics.- We are able. Lit rects their attention to the political tle they knew of the thorny path they rulers of the times, among pagan were to tread. Their fancied strength. nations, who domineered and tyranwas weakness, their bright hopes a pized over their subjects. Luke bubble. Still, their words were, in xxii. 25. Among them, ambition some sense, prophetic; for in due and rivalry were to be expected. time they were able to do and suf Butfer gloriously, submitting to banish 26, 27. It shall not be so among ment and death, in the name of you. Rather, let it not be so anjong their crucified Master. Acts xii. 2. you. Such a grasping disposition Rev. i. 9.

is wholly inconsistent with the prin23. You shall, is the spirit of the ciples of my religion, and the office reply, share in my toils and suffer you are to sustain in proclaiming it ings; the cup of sorrow, the bap- to the world. Your ininister. Your tisin of blood, shall be yours; but servant. The true greatness of my to bestow the dignities of my king followers will spring from humility dom is not in my power, except as and the benevolent offices of charithey are allotted by my Father. ty and good will. The useful are The words in Italics were intro- the great, the good are the gloriduced by the translators, and had ous. “Only in loving companionbetter be onnitted. The reference ship with his fellows does man feel of his own will to his Father's safe, only in reverently bowing shows us, as clearly as language can down before the higher does he show, that he was a created, depen feel himself exalted.” On what a dent being, not the original, un- stupendous and world-wide scale caused Power.

have the sentiments of meekness

28 vant; even as the Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to

minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

and humility here inculcated been ual one. This verse affords no transgressed by the Roman church, countenance to the popular docin its vast temporal authority, its trine of the Atonement; that somearrogant claims, and its spiritual thing was necessary to reconcile an tyranny!

offended Deity to his erring chil28. Even as the Son of Man. To dren, and that Christ, in his death, carry the lesson home still deeper, supplied that want; for that would he presents the highest model for be to construe with a bald literaltheir imitation, in lowliness and use- ness what, it is as plain as any prinfulness. Even the Messiah bim- ciple in language can be, should be self, with all his power and dignity, interpreted figuratively. If we came not into the world to receive say, Luther redeemed the Christian the homage of men, to be applaud- church, it is understood at once that ed and admired, but to minister to we speak metaphorically. So ought man's wants, to meet the cravings this phrase to be taken. But all of his undying nature, and to melt the great corruptions of Christianthe heart to penitence by the power ity, the doctrines of Total Depraof the cross : thus consecrating him- vity, Transubstantiation, Trinity, self, and even laying down his life, as Election, as well as this of the a ransom, or as a means of deliver Atonement, are attributable to the ance, for the human family. His saine cause, the construing of figown example, therefore, in conde- urative language literally. When scension and self-sacrifice, was a the doctrine of the Atonement was bright pattern foi his disciples to once established, this verse was then copy; a potent corrective of their sel- used as a proof of it, but it did not fish ambition. To give his lifearan- suggest it originally. som for many. Or, to ransom many, 29-34. Parallel to Mark x. 46– i. e. "to deliver them from the evils 52, Luke xviii. 35–43. There are of ignorance, error, and sin.” Wake- two discrepancies in this passage, field supposes many to refer to the comparing the accounts together. sacrifices under the Jewish laws, o Matthew speaks of two blind men; ransom to be given instead of many. Mark and Luke of but one. MutBut the more common and better thew and Mark describe the cure opinion is, that many refers to man- as taking place when he left Jerikind, to all men, The word here cho; Luke, when he entered it. As translated ransom signified original- to the number of men, some wrily the price paid for freeing a slave, ters suppose that there were two, and therefore, figuratively, any but that Mark and Luke mention means of freedom from servitude. only the most noted of them, a cerThus God is said to have ransomed tain Bartimeus. Others conjecture the Israelites, not by any substitu- that he healed them at different tion, hut by the displays of his pow- times, and that Mark and Luke

Ex. vi. 6. Deut. vii. 8. Luke speak of only ove case; at all events xxiv. 21. Thus Jesus Christ has they do not say but that more than ransomel mankind, i. e. all who one was cured. As to the other will comply with his religion, from point, it has been suggested that the bondage of a sensual life, and the expression, was come nigh unraised them into the joys of a spirit- to Jericho, might without violence

опе

er.

And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him. 29 And, behold, two blind men, sitting by the way-side, when they heard 30 that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying: Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David! And the multitude rebuked them, because they 31 should hold their peace. But they cried the more, saying: Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David! And Jesus stood still, and called 32 them, and said : What will ye that I shall do unto you? They say 33 unto him: Lord, that our eyes may be opened. So Jesus had com- 34

be translated, was in the vicinity of of David. This appellation of the Jericho, and agree therefore with Messiah they might have caugbt Matthew and Mark, who state that from hearsay, and used it as a conhe did the cure as he departed ciliatory token of respect. Or, from the town. A theory of two “suffering under a sore misfortune, towns, the old and new Jericho, they were naturally disposed, far has been advanced, and that he did more than others, to feel the force the cure as he departed from one of the evidence' wbich Jesus gave and approached the other. But, on of his authority, and to think lightthe whole, perhaps it is better in ly of the circumstances that seemed these cases to admit that there may to weaken that evidence." have been some contradiction, for 31. Because they should hold their the attempt to reconcile difficulties peace. Rather, that they should is sometimes overstrained. We hold their peace.- They cried the would rather say, with Bloomfield, more. It was their only chance. " that, if the tribing discrepancies They fear that the opportunity may adverted to were really irreconcila- he lost forever. They are therefore ble, still they would not weaken instant and importunate, and send the credit of the Evangelist, being their piercing cries through the such as are found in the best histo- dense multitude to the ears of Jesus. rians; nay, they may be rather What naturalness is there in this thought to strengthen their authori- circumstance, that, unable to see ty as independent witnesses." Jesus, they should try to arrest bis

29. Jericho. This city, next in attention by their boisterous cries! importance to Jerusalem, and situa- The multitude rebuked them, thinkted about twenty miles north-east of ing, perhaps, that it was beneath it, and five from the Jordan, was the Jesus to notice these blind beggars, scene of many interesting events or impatient that his journey or bis in the Jewish history. It was over- discourse should be interrupted, thrown by Joshua, Josh. vi. 21-26, anxious or curious as they were to and was afterwards rebuilt, 1 Kings hear every word that dropped from xvi. 34, and contained a school of his lips. Mark adds the descriptive the prophets, 2 Kings ii. 5. It circumstance, that, “casting away was called “the city of palms," his garment," as impeding bis haste, from the number of those trees the blind man "rose and came to growing around it. It is now an Jesus." insignificant village, called Richa. 34. Jesus had compassion on them,

30. Sitting by the way-side. The and touched their eyes. Showiog most favorable place to beg, and that the miracle proceeded from hear the news.-0 Lord, thou Son himself. Our Saviour did not cold.

A

passion on them, and touched their eyes; and immediately their eyes received sight; and they followed him.

CHAPTER XXI.
The public Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem.-Miracles and Parables.
ND when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to

Bethphage, unto the Mount of Olives, they sent Jesus two disci2 ples, saying unto them: Go into the village over against you, and

straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her; loose them, 3 and bring them unto me. And if any man say ought unto you, ye ly and mechanically perform his Olives. Or, Olivet. A high ridge miracles. Although he was sur- lying east from Jerusalem, so called rounded by admiring disciples and from the olive trees growing upon a thronging multitude, he yet had it, and of which a few remain to time and thought to bestow on the the present day. The valley of Jeunfortunate, that lay by the road- hoshaphat, or of Hinnom, and the side, poor and blind. Although on brook of Kedron or Cedron, lay the way to his own crucifixion, and between this mountain and Jerufilled with its approaching terrors, salem. be still had a heart to sympathize

2. The village over against you. with, and a hand powerful to-suc- Bethphage.-An ass tied, and a colt. cor the miserable. His potent The ass is a fine animal in the east, touch could unseal the blinded eye. and much used in common life, as His everlasting Gospel still goes the the Jews were forbidden to keep rounds of the world, as its author horses, lest they should be promptwalked in Palestine, mighty to shed ed to conquests. Some, howevlight and comfort over the darken- er, violated the prohibition).—Bring ed mind of man. Reader, you do them. The other writers speak onnot possess your Saviour's divine ly of the colt or young ass, as that power, but you can cherish his di- was the animal on which Jesus vine sympathy for the sick and rode. Both were sent for, as they wretched.

would go better together, one being

the mother, and the other her colt. CHAP. XXI.

It was to a friend or acquaintance 1-11, 14–16. Mark xi. 1–11. probably that Jesus sent, who would Luke xix. 2944. Jobn xii. 12 be willing at once to loan his beasts, -19.

when he knew who wished for 1. Drew nigh unto Jerusalem. them. Mark and Luke mention See chap. xx. 17, 18, 29.-Were that the colt never had been used come to Bethphage, i. e. were on their for labor, and we are told that it way. Mark and Luke also speak was a custom to employ animals, of Bethany. The two villages were that never had borne the yoke or situated at the foot of the Mount of saddle, for sacred uses. Deut. xxi. Olives, on the east side, and their 3. 1 Sam. vi. 7. Jesus foresaw territories were contiguous. Beth- what would befall him in a few phage signifies house of figs ; Betha- days, and he made this public entry py, house of dates ; from which it into Jerusalem to fix the attention has been conjectured that those of the people upon himself, and trees abounded there.—Mount of thus give the greatest publicity to

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